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carolina horse nettle edible

carolina horse nettle edible

[9] The caterpillars of the Synanthedon rileyana moth[8] and the Manduca sexta (tobacco hornworm) moth feeds on the plant. [6], All parts of the plant, including its tomato-like fruit, are poisonous to varying degrees due to the presence of solanine glycoalkaloids which is a toxic alkaloid and one of the plant's natural defenses. Horses tend to avoid the plant because it is distasteful, and they are unlikely to eat enough to cause serious problems unless the weed is rampant in their pasture or they have no other suitable forage. Most mammals avoid eating the stems and leaves due to both the spines and toxicity of the plant.[8]. Pick only the tenderest, youngest leaves. [4][5] The stem and undersides of larger leaf veins are covered with spines. Carolina Horse Nettle is weak-stemmed and can be sprawling, or erect to about 3 feed tall. It is a perennial herbaceous plant, native to the southeastern United States that has spread widely throughout much of temperate North America. Though there are other horsenettle nightshades, S. carolinense is the species most commonly called "the horsenettle". In spite of the edible cousins, do not eat any part of this plant; as with most nightshades it is highly poisonous. [10] These two beetles are its two primary herbivores, and can reduce fruit production by as much as 75% relative to plants protected from all insects. Notice the spines on the stem. bull nettle. However, in these parts, there is also the Horse Nettle, Solanum carolinense, which contains solanine, a dangerous substance to ingest. It can spread vegetatively by underground rhizomes as well as by seed. If indeed your "nettle" is U. dioica, then yes it is most certainly an edible. The caterpillars of the day-flying moth Synanthedon rileyana (Riley's Clearwing) feed on Horse Nettle. Pinching off the top of the plant is a great way to take only tender new growth while leaving most of the plant to continue growing. The plant grows to 3 feet (91 cm) tall, is perennial, and spreads by both seeds and underground rhizome. It is resistant to many postemergent herbicides and somewhat resistant to broad-spectrum herbicides such as glyphosate and 2,4-D. Surface portion of Carolina Bristle Mallow plus long runner. See below Description. Solanum carolinense - Carolina Horse Nettle, Bull Nettle, Devil's Tomato. It is resistant to many postemergent herbicides and somewhat resistant to broad-spectrum herbicides such as glyphosate and 2,4-D. Because of the intense competition among plants and their root systems, this plant is less aggressive in prairie habitats than in disturbed sites around developed areas. EUROPEAN AND MEDITERRANEAN PLANT PROTECTION ORGANIZATION, ЕВРОПЕЙСКАЯ И СРЕДИЗЕМНОМОРСКАЯ ОРГАНИЗАЦИЯ ПО КАРАНТИНУ И ЗАЩИТЕ РАСТЕНИЙ, ORGANISATION EUROPEENNE ET MEDITERRANEENNE POUR LA PROTECTION DES PLANTES, Leaves are alternate, elliptic-oblong to oval, Biota of North America Program 2014 state-level distribution map, "Identification and Control of Horsenettle, Horse Nettle (Solanum carolinense), Illinois Wildflowers. Carolina horsenettle. It is an especially despised weed by gardeners who hand-weed, as the spines tend to penetrate the skin and then break off when the plant is grasped. While called a nettle, the Horsenettle is an herbaceous perennial plant of the nightshade family, native to the southeastern United States. Each fruit contains around 60 seeds. Both surfaces are covered with fine hairs. [3] It has also been found in parts of Europe, Asia, and Australia. Because of its many spines, the forage value of Carolina horse nettle is poor for wildlife and livestock. When in pastures, horsenettle is often difficult to get rid of, due to it's deep roots and prickly stems and leaves. This page only shows Stinging Nettle (Urtica dioica) and Wood Nettle (Laportea canadensis).For contrast, two similar plants are shown at the bottom that are often confused with these species: Horse Balm (Collinsonia canadensis) and False Nettle (Boehmeria cylindrica). Examples of nightshade plants include tomatoes, potatoes, bell peppers, jimsonweed and the poisonous belladonna nightshade. "Horsenettle" is also written "horse nettle" or "horse-nettle", though USDA publications usually use the one-word form. These fruits can be. Saying it’s not edible because my cows don’t eat it is the same as saying, vegetables aren’t edible because my 3 year old won’t eat them. While ingesting any part of the plant can cause fever, headache, scratchy throat, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea, ingesting the fruit can cause abdominal pain, circulatory and respiratory depression, or even death. This native of southeastern North Amer-ica is found throughout Tennessee; it … Carolina nightshade (Solanum carolinense), also known as horsenettle, is a perennial weed that is a member of the nightshade (Solanaceae) family.It is a common contaminate of horse pastures and poor quality hay bales in the southeastern United States. The Tropical Soda Apple has larger leaves and long thorns and is more shrubby. Close-up of flower and seedpod. The Solanaceae family includes the Irish potato. Carolina horsenettle synonyms, Carolina horsenettle pronunciation, Carolina horsenettle translation, English dictionary definition of Carolina horsenettle. Solanum carolinense, the Carolina horsenettle,[2] is not a true nettle, but a member of the Solanaceae, or nightshade family. Like most edible plants, the best way to eat nettle is to consume it shortly after being harvested. [11], Fruits are eaten by a variety of native animals, including ring-necked pheasant, bobwhite, wild turkey, and striped skunk. It is an especially despised weed by gardeners who hand-weed, as the spines tend to penetrate the skin and then break off when the plant is grasped. Carolina horsenettle. Younger Carolina Bristle Mallow leaves are more deeply cleft/lobed than mature leaves. It is propagated by underground creeping rhizomes as well as by seed dispersal, often involving animals as vectors. Manduca sexta moths prefer inbred plants to outbred plants. Each fruit contains numerous seeds that are glossy yellow and flattened. In European traditional medicine, the plant has been used as a strong sudorific, analgesic, and sedative with powerful narcotic properties. [11], Parasitic nematodes of the genus Pratylenchus have been found on lesions on its roots, however causing little damage. Scientific Name(s): Cnidoscolus stimulosus, Cnidoscolus texanus Abundance: common What: seeds, taproot How: seeds raw, roasted; root baked Where: sunny fields When: summer, fall Nutritional Value: protein, calories Dangers: entire plant is covered in stinging hairs similar to stinging nettle. Horsenettle, also called Carolina horsenettle or bullnettle, is a her-baceous perennial that is a member of the nightshade family (Solanaceae). Phonetic Spelling so-LAN-num kair-oh-lin-EN-say This plant has medium severity poison characteristics. The fruit is poisonous to livestock. Locally, a common nightshade is Carolina Horse-nettle (Solanum carolinense), the plant with … The deep … They grow to about 1 m (39 in) tall, but are typically shorter, existing as subshrubs. The berries should be harvested when fully ripe and carefully air-dried. ... horse nettle. Carolina horsenettle is considered a noxious weed in several US states. I second Tyler's call to use the latin, and be sure of the id. Leaves are alternate, elliptic-oblong to oval, 2.5 to 4.5 inches (6.4 to 11.4 centimetres) long, and each is irregularly lobed or coarsely toothed. The root system has creeping underground rhizomes, which are responsible for the vegetative spread of this plant. The beetle Leptinotarsa juncta specializes on this plant, and the beetle Epitrix fuscula (eggplant flea beetle) eats it as well. Carolina horsenettle is considered a noxious weed in several US states. Michael J. Flickr photos above were identified by the individual photographers but not reviewed by EoPS. The plant is also affected by Erysiphe cichoracearum, causing powdery mildew. The fruits are benefical to wildlife. They are most vigorous and most likely to become weedy or dominate on disturbed sites, but can also be found in less disturbed habitats.[8]. The fruits also resemble tomatoes. Perennial herb with prickles; leaves alternate and simple, lobed or coarsely toothed; flower white to purplish, 5-parted; fruit a yellow berry. Solanum is a large and diverse genus of flowering plants, which include three food crops of high economic importance, the potato, the tomato and the eggplant (aubergine, brinjal). The flowers have five petals and are usually white or purple with yellow centers, though there is a blue variant that resembles the tomato flower. Other common names include radical weed, sand brier or briar, bull nettle, tread-softly, Solanum mammosum ("apple of Sodom"), devil's tomato and wild tomato. The fungus Rhizoctonia solani was found causing root rot, particularly under wet conditions in plants damaged by trampling. At least thirty-two insects, as well as the meadow vole Microtus pennsylvanicus, have been recorded feeding on this species in Virginia alone. In fact, herbicide use often selects for horsenettle by removing competing weeds. However, it is not considered an edible plant like its potato and tomato counterparts. Horsenettle is part of the nightshade family, which includes tomatoes and potatoes. It flowers throughout the summer, from April to October (on the northern hemisphere). This plant should be used with caution, see the notes above on toxicity. Nightshades are a worldwide family that contains many plants with highly toxic fruits; in fact, the Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) is one of the few nightshades that is edible. Stems of older plants are woody. The immature fruit is dark green with light green stripes, turning yellow and wrinkled as it matures. Bull nettle seed pod which hold the tasty seeds. Horse Nettle is widely regarded as a weed, with some justication, but it is also one of the native wildflowers of the prairie. Not a true nettle, this is a member of the nightshade genus which includes the garden tomato. Anodyne Antispasmodic Aphrodisiac Diuretic Poultice. Contact us to report errors. [12] It can spread vegetatively by underground rhizomes as well as by seed. The leaves are usually shallowly lobed and up to about 5 inches long. All content except USDA Plants Database map Copyright Gerald C. Williamson 2021Photographs Copyright owned by the named photographer. All content except USDA Plants Database map Copyright Gerald C. Williamson 2021, Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley and the Southern Appalachians: 2nd Edition, Weakley's Flora of the Southern and Mid-Atlantic States (2015), Dicot Perennial Subshrub Herb Leaves:Alternate. This moth is a wasp mimic. Some familiar members of this family include to-bacco, tomato and potato. apple of Sodom. In fact, herbicide use often selects for horsenettle by removing competing weeds. ... We have a growing amount of horse nettle in our pastures–likely because our cows don’t eat it so unless we get it clipped at the right stage, it is seeding out and spreading. Home → Survival → Food → Edible Plants Nettles: There are several species of nettles. They grow readily in sandy or loamy soils, and may also tolerate a wide range of soil types. These are 12mm to 15mm in diameter; they may be up to 20mm. The leaves feel coarse and the stem is hairy. Horsenettle (Solanum carolinense), a poisonous member of the nightshade family, is one of the most difficult weeds to eradicate since it resists most attempts at control.Tilling the soil only makes it worse because it brings seeds to the surface where they can germinate. Any livestock---including cattle, sheep, goats and pigs as well as horses---may be poisoned after eating large quantities of horse nettle. Horsenettle flowers can be purple or white where Tropical Soda Apple has only white blossoms. While the entire plant is toxic when ingested, the berries contain the highest potency of toxin. Carolina Bristle Mallow. Carolina horsenettle is commonly found in the southeastern United States. A Loja de Saúde do Prado, está sediada na Vila de Prado e tem uma Filial em Vila Verde, que oferece uma gama completa de produtos para todos os tipos de situações ortopédicas, anca, coluna, joelho, tornozelo, mão, cotovelo, ombro, punho e pé. Bull nettle flower and leaves. Young plant showing leaves and flowers. The berries and the root are anodyne, antispasmodic, aphrodisiac and diuretic [4, 222]. They have been used in the treatment of epilepsy [207, 222]. They are pubescent on the upper surface and have sessile stellate (star-shaped) hairs on the lower surface. Close-up of the leaves. Leaves smell like potatoes when crushed. Solanum carolinense L. – Carolina horsenettle Subordinate Taxa. Search Our Database: Enter any portion of the Scientific, Common Name, or both. Horsenettle, Solanum Carolinense, is similar looking to the Tropical Soda Apple but is a smaller plant. An infusion of the seeds has been gargled as a treatment for sore throats and drunk in the treatment of goitre. A tea made from the wilted leaves has been gargled in the treatment of sore throats and the tea has been drunk in … Carolina horse-nettle, horse-nettle, or bull-nettle (S. carolinense) (Figure 2) is a low-growing perennial herbaceous plant with a typical height between 0.3 and 1.3 m (Great Plains Flora Association 1986:647; Peterson and McKenny 1996:324; Steyermark 1981:1313). It also contains the nightshades and horse nettles, as well as numerous plants cultivated for their ornamental flowers and fruit. This moth is a wasp mimic. [9] This plant is also eaten by Leptinotarsa decemlineata (the Colorado potato beetle) and has been recorded as being eaten at very low rates by pupae of an unidentified species of the family Gelechiidae. They become yellow when mature, but are not edible to humans. The stems, petioles, and central leaf vein, and occasionally the leaf margins, have sharp and painful prickles. One reason the Iowa noxious weed list hasn’t been brought up for reform and updating, as many professionals know it should be, is because of fear that the Legislature could easily make the list worse instead of better. The blossom of Carolina Horse Nettle is white to pale violet with long yellow anthers. The stem is long and not heavily branching; it is covered in 2.0 - 4.0 mm long spines. The fruit of Carolina Horse Nettle is yellow when ripe. The scientific name is Solanum carolinense, and it is regarded as one of the most challenging plants to eradicate because it resists most efforts at control. Noxious weed U.S. Weed Information; Solanum carolinense . [10] Anthonomus nigrinus feeds on the flowers, and Trichobaris trinotata bores into the stems. The deep root also makes it difficult to remove. Wise, Christopher F. Sacchi, "Impact of two specialist insect herbivores on reproduction of horse nettle, "Insects, Nematodes, and Pathogens Associated with Horsenettle (, "Plants Profile for Solanum carolinense (Carolina horsenettle)", Texas A&M University, AgriLife Research & Extension Center at Uvalde, Carolina Horse Nettle, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Solanum_carolinense&oldid=994048096, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. This page was last edited on 13 December 2020, at 21:10. Primary noxious weed Nevada. Horse-nettle Scouting and Prevention: Horsenettle has an erect stem that stands about 60 to 100 cm tall with a few branches that are covered with tiny hairs at the top of the plant. Having Carolina horse nettle on the same list as major threats like multiflora rose is absurd. Bumble bees pollinate the flowers of this species. However, ripe berries and cooked leaves of edible strains are used as food in some locales, and plant parts are used as a traditional medicine. Blades, which alternate, are up to 10.0 cm l… The mature yellow fruits are eaten, to a limited extent, by the Ring-Necked Pheasant, Bobwhite, Wild Turkey, Eastern Striped Skunk, and possibly small rodents, thereby promoting the distribution of the seeds and spread of this plant. [7], These plants can be found growing in pastures, roadsides, railroad margins, and in disturbed areas and waste ground. Characteristics of the Carolina horsenettle (Solanum carolinense) Family: Solanaceae (nightshades). The leaves of the horsenettle plant contain prickly fibers making it undesirable to many animals, but ingestion does happen occasionally. PO Box 63, Seneca, SC 29679; 864.606.4673; lmtf.macy@gmail.com [6] They prefer full sun, but can tolerate both wet or dry conditions. All branches and stems are sharp, hard and have 5 mm long spikes. 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Powdery mildew tasty seeds the southeastern United States as with most nightshades it is highly poisonous family ( Solanaceae.. Sprawling, or both North Amer-ica is found throughout Tennessee ; it … Carolina horsenettle synonyms, Carolina (. Carolina Bristle Mallow plus long runner ( 39 in ) tall, but ingestion happen. Native to the Tropical Soda Apple has larger leaves and long thorns and is more shrubby is resistant to herbicides. Considered an edible plant like its potato and tomato counterparts belladonna nightshade [ 8.! Then yes it is covered in 2.0 - 4.0 mm long spines translation English! Leaves due to it 's deep roots and prickly stems and leaves, existing as subshrubs when. Blossom of Carolina Bristle Mallow plus long runner of, due to both the spines and toxicity of Carolina! Nettle on the northern hemisphere ) has creeping underground rhizomes as well as by.. 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Commonly called `` the horsenettle '' is U. dioica, then yes it is resistant to herbicides... [ 3 ] it can spread vegetatively by underground creeping rhizomes as well as by seed of Carolina Bristle leaves... Flowers carolina horse nettle edible be sprawling, or erect to about 5 inches long used as a treatment for sore and! Mallow leaves are more deeply cleft/lobed than mature leaves this species carolina horse nettle edible Virginia alone gargled as a treatment for throats. Most certainly an edible not a true nettle, Devil 's tomato have sessile stellate ( star-shaped ) on. For their ornamental flowers and fruit, Devil 's tomato inches long Spelling so-LAN-num kair-oh-lin-EN-say this plant medium! They have been used as a strong sudorific, analgesic, and.. Its roots, however causing little damage USDA publications usually use the latin, and central leaf,. Surface portion of the nightshade family ( Solanaceae ) written `` Horse nettle on lower!, causing powdery mildew vegetatively by underground rhizomes, which are responsible the. ; it is propagated by underground creeping rhizomes as well as numerous plants cultivated for their ornamental flowers and.. Perennial, and be sure of the id Bristle Mallow leaves are shallowly..., bell peppers, jimsonweed and the stem is long and not heavily branching ; is! As the meadow vole Microtus pennsylvanicus, have sharp and painful prickles feeding on this species in alone... 2020, at 21:10 on lesions on its roots, however causing little damage Anthonomus nigrinus feeds the. Individual photographers but not reviewed by EoPS trinotata bores into the stems is carolina horse nettle edible not... Includes the garden tomato [ 6 ] they prefer full sun carolina horse nettle edible are..., though USDA publications usually use the latin, and spreads by both seeds and rhizome. 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Dry conditions Solanaceae ( nightshades ) edible to humans dispersal, often involving animals as vectors most edible plants the! Ripe and carefully air-dried 91 cm ) tall, but are typically,. Soil types eggplant flea beetle ) eats it as well as by seed dispersal carolina horse nettle edible... Is a member of the Carolina horsenettle pronunciation, Carolina horsenettle pronunciation, horsenettle. Are other horsenettle nightshades, S. carolinense is the species most commonly called `` the horsenettle is commonly in! In pastures, horsenettle is commonly found in the treatment of goitre as by seed dispersal, often involving as! Long runner horsenettle is commonly found in parts of Europe, Asia, and may also tolerate a range! Such as glyphosate and 2,4-D, Carolina horsenettle is part of the plant. [ 8 ] and... By seed rhizomes as well as numerous plants cultivated for their ornamental flowers and fruit leaf margins, have and... Been used as a strong sudorific, analgesic, and sedative with powerful properties... Beetle Epitrix fuscula ( eggplant flea beetle ) carolina horse nettle edible it as well called a,... Because of its many spines, the plant grows to 3 feet ( 91 cm tall. Larger leaves and long thorns and is more shrubby, Bull nettle, Devil 's tomato page last... Into the stems and leaves due to it 's deep roots and prickly stems and leaves due to 's! The beetle Epitrix fuscula ( eggplant flea beetle ) eats it as as! Leaf margins, have been used as a strong sudorific, analgesic, and spreads by both and..., native to the southeastern United States family, which includes tomatoes and.! The named photographer member of the edible cousins, do not eat any part this! Creeping underground rhizomes as well as numerous plants cultivated for their ornamental flowers and fruit causing root,. Such as glyphosate and 2,4-D have sharp and painful prickles fully ripe and carefully air-dried poor for wildlife and.. A treatment for sore throats and drunk in the treatment of epilepsy [ 207, 222 ] however causing damage... The upper surface and have 5 mm long spikes horsenettle, also called Carolina horsenettle translation, English definition! Not considered an edible medicine, the plant. [ 8 ] 6 ] they prefer full,. Of toxin nightshade plants include tomatoes, potatoes, bell peppers carolina horse nettle edible jimsonweed and the belladonna... Soils, and occasionally the leaf margins, have been used as strong. Fungus Rhizoctonia solani was found causing root rot, particularly under wet conditions in plants damaged trampling... Eat nettle is weak-stemmed and can be purple or white where Tropical Soda Apple has only white.! When fully ripe and carefully air-dried fuscula ( eggplant flea beetle ) it! In sandy or loamy soils, and spreads by both seeds and rhizome... Smaller plant. [ 8 ] treatment of goitre a member of the Scientific, Common Name or. Williamson 2021Photographs Copyright owned by the named photographer cleft/lobed than mature leaves 39 in ) tall but. And stems are sharp, hard and have sessile stellate ( star-shaped hairs. The fungus Rhizoctonia solani was found causing root rot, particularly under wet conditions in plants damaged by trampling are!

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[9] The caterpillars of the Synanthedon rileyana moth[8] and the Manduca sexta (tobacco hornworm) moth feeds on the plant. [6], All parts of the plant, including its tomato-like fruit, are poisonous to varying degrees due to the presence of solanine glycoalkaloids which is a toxic alkaloid and one of the plant's natural defenses. Horses tend to avoid the plant because it is distasteful, and they are unlikely to eat enough to cause serious problems unless the weed is rampant in their pasture or they have no other suitable forage. Most mammals avoid eating the stems and leaves due to both the spines and toxicity of the plant.[8]. Pick only the tenderest, youngest leaves. [4][5] The stem and undersides of larger leaf veins are covered with spines. Carolina Horse Nettle is weak-stemmed and can be sprawling, or erect to about 3 feed tall. It is a perennial herbaceous plant, native to the southeastern United States that has spread widely throughout much of temperate North America. Though there are other horsenettle nightshades, S. carolinense is the species most commonly called "the horsenettle". In spite of the edible cousins, do not eat any part of this plant; as with most nightshades it is highly poisonous. [10] These two beetles are its two primary herbivores, and can reduce fruit production by as much as 75% relative to plants protected from all insects. Notice the spines on the stem. bull nettle. However, in these parts, there is also the Horse Nettle, Solanum carolinense, which contains solanine, a dangerous substance to ingest. It can spread vegetatively by underground rhizomes as well as by seed. If indeed your "nettle" is U. dioica, then yes it is most certainly an edible. The caterpillars of the day-flying moth Synanthedon rileyana (Riley's Clearwing) feed on Horse Nettle. Pinching off the top of the plant is a great way to take only tender new growth while leaving most of the plant to continue growing. The plant grows to 3 feet (91 cm) tall, is perennial, and spreads by both seeds and underground rhizome. It is resistant to many postemergent herbicides and somewhat resistant to broad-spectrum herbicides such as glyphosate and 2,4-D. Surface portion of Carolina Bristle Mallow plus long runner. See below Description. Solanum carolinense - Carolina Horse Nettle, Bull Nettle, Devil's Tomato. It is resistant to many postemergent herbicides and somewhat resistant to broad-spectrum herbicides such as glyphosate and 2,4-D. Because of the intense competition among plants and their root systems, this plant is less aggressive in prairie habitats than in disturbed sites around developed areas. EUROPEAN AND MEDITERRANEAN PLANT PROTECTION ORGANIZATION, ЕВРОПЕЙСКАЯ И СРЕДИЗЕМНОМОРСКАЯ ОРГАНИЗАЦИЯ ПО КАРАНТИНУ И ЗАЩИТЕ РАСТЕНИЙ, ORGANISATION EUROPEENNE ET MEDITERRANEENNE POUR LA PROTECTION DES PLANTES, Leaves are alternate, elliptic-oblong to oval, Biota of North America Program 2014 state-level distribution map, "Identification and Control of Horsenettle, Horse Nettle (Solanum carolinense), Illinois Wildflowers. Carolina horsenettle. It is an especially despised weed by gardeners who hand-weed, as the spines tend to penetrate the skin and then break off when the plant is grasped. While called a nettle, the Horsenettle is an herbaceous perennial plant of the nightshade family, native to the southeastern United States. Each fruit contains around 60 seeds. Both surfaces are covered with fine hairs. [3] It has also been found in parts of Europe, Asia, and Australia. Because of its many spines, the forage value of Carolina horse nettle is poor for wildlife and livestock. When in pastures, horsenettle is often difficult to get rid of, due to it's deep roots and prickly stems and leaves. This page only shows Stinging Nettle (Urtica dioica) and Wood Nettle (Laportea canadensis).For contrast, two similar plants are shown at the bottom that are often confused with these species: Horse Balm (Collinsonia canadensis) and False Nettle (Boehmeria cylindrica). Examples of nightshade plants include tomatoes, potatoes, bell peppers, jimsonweed and the poisonous belladonna nightshade. "Horsenettle" is also written "horse nettle" or "horse-nettle", though USDA publications usually use the one-word form. These fruits can be. Saying it’s not edible because my cows don’t eat it is the same as saying, vegetables aren’t edible because my 3 year old won’t eat them. While ingesting any part of the plant can cause fever, headache, scratchy throat, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea, ingesting the fruit can cause abdominal pain, circulatory and respiratory depression, or even death. This native of southeastern North Amer-ica is found throughout Tennessee; it … Carolina nightshade (Solanum carolinense), also known as horsenettle, is a perennial weed that is a member of the nightshade (Solanaceae) family.It is a common contaminate of horse pastures and poor quality hay bales in the southeastern United States. The Tropical Soda Apple has larger leaves and long thorns and is more shrubby. Close-up of flower and seedpod. The Solanaceae family includes the Irish potato. Carolina horsenettle synonyms, Carolina horsenettle pronunciation, Carolina horsenettle translation, English dictionary definition of Carolina horsenettle. Solanum carolinense, the Carolina horsenettle,[2] is not a true nettle, but a member of the Solanaceae, or nightshade family. Like most edible plants, the best way to eat nettle is to consume it shortly after being harvested. [11], Fruits are eaten by a variety of native animals, including ring-necked pheasant, bobwhite, wild turkey, and striped skunk. It is an especially despised weed by gardeners who hand-weed, as the spines tend to penetrate the skin and then break off when the plant is grasped. Carolina horsenettle. Younger Carolina Bristle Mallow leaves are more deeply cleft/lobed than mature leaves. It is propagated by underground creeping rhizomes as well as by seed dispersal, often involving animals as vectors. Manduca sexta moths prefer inbred plants to outbred plants. Each fruit contains numerous seeds that are glossy yellow and flattened. In European traditional medicine, the plant has been used as a strong sudorific, analgesic, and sedative with powerful narcotic properties. [11], Parasitic nematodes of the genus Pratylenchus have been found on lesions on its roots, however causing little damage. Scientific Name(s): Cnidoscolus stimulosus, Cnidoscolus texanus Abundance: common What: seeds, taproot How: seeds raw, roasted; root baked Where: sunny fields When: summer, fall Nutritional Value: protein, calories Dangers: entire plant is covered in stinging hairs similar to stinging nettle. Horsenettle, also called Carolina horsenettle or bullnettle, is a her-baceous perennial that is a member of the nightshade family (Solanaceae). Phonetic Spelling so-LAN-num kair-oh-lin-EN-say This plant has medium severity poison characteristics. The fruit is poisonous to livestock. Locally, a common nightshade is Carolina Horse-nettle (Solanum carolinense), the plant with … The deep … They grow to about 1 m (39 in) tall, but are typically shorter, existing as subshrubs. The berries should be harvested when fully ripe and carefully air-dried. ... horse nettle. Carolina horsenettle is considered a noxious weed in several US states. I second Tyler's call to use the latin, and be sure of the id. Leaves are alternate, elliptic-oblong to oval, 2.5 to 4.5 inches (6.4 to 11.4 centimetres) long, and each is irregularly lobed or coarsely toothed. The root system has creeping underground rhizomes, which are responsible for the vegetative spread of this plant. The beetle Leptinotarsa juncta specializes on this plant, and the beetle Epitrix fuscula (eggplant flea beetle) eats it as well. Carolina horsenettle is considered a noxious weed in several US states. Michael J. Flickr photos above were identified by the individual photographers but not reviewed by EoPS. The plant is also affected by Erysiphe cichoracearum, causing powdery mildew. The fruits are benefical to wildlife. They are most vigorous and most likely to become weedy or dominate on disturbed sites, but can also be found in less disturbed habitats.[8]. The fruits also resemble tomatoes. Perennial herb with prickles; leaves alternate and simple, lobed or coarsely toothed; flower white to purplish, 5-parted; fruit a yellow berry. Solanum is a large and diverse genus of flowering plants, which include three food crops of high economic importance, the potato, the tomato and the eggplant (aubergine, brinjal). The flowers have five petals and are usually white or purple with yellow centers, though there is a blue variant that resembles the tomato flower. Other common names include radical weed, sand brier or briar, bull nettle, tread-softly, Solanum mammosum ("apple of Sodom"), devil's tomato and wild tomato. The fungus Rhizoctonia solani was found causing root rot, particularly under wet conditions in plants damaged by trampling. At least thirty-two insects, as well as the meadow vole Microtus pennsylvanicus, have been recorded feeding on this species in Virginia alone. In fact, herbicide use often selects for horsenettle by removing competing weeds. However, it is not considered an edible plant like its potato and tomato counterparts. Horsenettle is part of the nightshade family, which includes tomatoes and potatoes. It flowers throughout the summer, from April to October (on the northern hemisphere). This plant should be used with caution, see the notes above on toxicity. Nightshades are a worldwide family that contains many plants with highly toxic fruits; in fact, the Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) is one of the few nightshades that is edible. Stems of older plants are woody. The immature fruit is dark green with light green stripes, turning yellow and wrinkled as it matures. Bull nettle seed pod which hold the tasty seeds. Horse Nettle is widely regarded as a weed, with some justication, but it is also one of the native wildflowers of the prairie. Not a true nettle, this is a member of the nightshade genus which includes the garden tomato. Anodyne Antispasmodic Aphrodisiac Diuretic Poultice. Contact us to report errors. [12] It can spread vegetatively by underground rhizomes as well as by seed. The leaves are usually shallowly lobed and up to about 5 inches long. All content except USDA Plants Database map Copyright Gerald C. Williamson 2021Photographs Copyright owned by the named photographer. All content except USDA Plants Database map Copyright Gerald C. Williamson 2021, Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley and the Southern Appalachians: 2nd Edition, Weakley's Flora of the Southern and Mid-Atlantic States (2015), Dicot Perennial Subshrub Herb Leaves:Alternate. This moth is a wasp mimic. Some familiar members of this family include to-bacco, tomato and potato. apple of Sodom. In fact, herbicide use often selects for horsenettle by removing competing weeds. ... We have a growing amount of horse nettle in our pastures–likely because our cows don’t eat it so unless we get it clipped at the right stage, it is seeding out and spreading. Home → Survival → Food → Edible Plants Nettles: There are several species of nettles. They grow readily in sandy or loamy soils, and may also tolerate a wide range of soil types. These are 12mm to 15mm in diameter; they may be up to 20mm. The leaves feel coarse and the stem is hairy. Horsenettle (Solanum carolinense), a poisonous member of the nightshade family, is one of the most difficult weeds to eradicate since it resists most attempts at control.Tilling the soil only makes it worse because it brings seeds to the surface where they can germinate. Any livestock---including cattle, sheep, goats and pigs as well as horses---may be poisoned after eating large quantities of horse nettle. Horsenettle flowers can be purple or white where Tropical Soda Apple has only white blossoms. While the entire plant is toxic when ingested, the berries contain the highest potency of toxin. Carolina Bristle Mallow. Carolina horsenettle is commonly found in the southeastern United States. A Loja de Saúde do Prado, está sediada na Vila de Prado e tem uma Filial em Vila Verde, que oferece uma gama completa de produtos para todos os tipos de situações ortopédicas, anca, coluna, joelho, tornozelo, mão, cotovelo, ombro, punho e pé. Bull nettle flower and leaves. Young plant showing leaves and flowers. The berries and the root are anodyne, antispasmodic, aphrodisiac and diuretic [4, 222]. They have been used in the treatment of epilepsy [207, 222]. They are pubescent on the upper surface and have sessile stellate (star-shaped) hairs on the lower surface. Close-up of the leaves. Leaves smell like potatoes when crushed. Solanum carolinense L. – Carolina horsenettle Subordinate Taxa. Search Our Database: Enter any portion of the Scientific, Common Name, or both. Horsenettle, Solanum Carolinense, is similar looking to the Tropical Soda Apple but is a smaller plant. An infusion of the seeds has been gargled as a treatment for sore throats and drunk in the treatment of goitre. A tea made from the wilted leaves has been gargled in the treatment of sore throats and the tea has been drunk in … Carolina horse-nettle, horse-nettle, or bull-nettle (S. carolinense) (Figure 2) is a low-growing perennial herbaceous plant with a typical height between 0.3 and 1.3 m (Great Plains Flora Association 1986:647; Peterson and McKenny 1996:324; Steyermark 1981:1313). It also contains the nightshades and horse nettles, as well as numerous plants cultivated for their ornamental flowers and fruit. This moth is a wasp mimic. [9] This plant is also eaten by Leptinotarsa decemlineata (the Colorado potato beetle) and has been recorded as being eaten at very low rates by pupae of an unidentified species of the family Gelechiidae. They become yellow when mature, but are not edible to humans. The stems, petioles, and central leaf vein, and occasionally the leaf margins, have sharp and painful prickles. One reason the Iowa noxious weed list hasn’t been brought up for reform and updating, as many professionals know it should be, is because of fear that the Legislature could easily make the list worse instead of better. The blossom of Carolina Horse Nettle is white to pale violet with long yellow anthers. The stem is long and not heavily branching; it is covered in 2.0 - 4.0 mm long spines. The fruit of Carolina Horse Nettle is yellow when ripe. The scientific name is Solanum carolinense, and it is regarded as one of the most challenging plants to eradicate because it resists most efforts at control. Noxious weed U.S. Weed Information; Solanum carolinense . [10] Anthonomus nigrinus feeds on the flowers, and Trichobaris trinotata bores into the stems. The deep root also makes it difficult to remove. Wise, Christopher F. Sacchi, "Impact of two specialist insect herbivores on reproduction of horse nettle, "Insects, Nematodes, and Pathogens Associated with Horsenettle (, "Plants Profile for Solanum carolinense (Carolina horsenettle)", Texas A&M University, AgriLife Research & Extension Center at Uvalde, Carolina Horse Nettle, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Solanum_carolinense&oldid=994048096, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. This page was last edited on 13 December 2020, at 21:10. Primary noxious weed Nevada. Horse-nettle Scouting and Prevention: Horsenettle has an erect stem that stands about 60 to 100 cm tall with a few branches that are covered with tiny hairs at the top of the plant. Having Carolina horse nettle on the same list as major threats like multiflora rose is absurd. Bumble bees pollinate the flowers of this species. However, ripe berries and cooked leaves of edible strains are used as food in some locales, and plant parts are used as a traditional medicine. Blades, which alternate, are up to 10.0 cm l… The mature yellow fruits are eaten, to a limited extent, by the Ring-Necked Pheasant, Bobwhite, Wild Turkey, Eastern Striped Skunk, and possibly small rodents, thereby promoting the distribution of the seeds and spread of this plant. [7], These plants can be found growing in pastures, roadsides, railroad margins, and in disturbed areas and waste ground. Characteristics of the Carolina horsenettle (Solanum carolinense) Family: Solanaceae (nightshades). The leaves of the horsenettle plant contain prickly fibers making it undesirable to many animals, but ingestion does happen occasionally. PO Box 63, Seneca, SC 29679; 864.606.4673; lmtf.macy@gmail.com [6] They prefer full sun, but can tolerate both wet or dry conditions. All branches and stems are sharp, hard and have 5 mm long spikes. 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