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amrapali mango plantation spacing

amrapali mango plantation spacing

g�L���,���N� �Q1�_����S�X�~)ل"[�[��'0P���1@J��m� ��@���܈�� "A����9� 4:j��^?�S|y�Y��%��7�?�u�/�z[�;Ljrs���y�/���{�\{�4�? 00 and r 195 650) and it was minimum in square (r 83 950. Some potential dwarfing material has been developed in India and elsewhere, but these cultivars and rootstocks have not been widely integrated into high-density orchards. PKM 1, to evaluate the effect of different planting density on vegetative morphomatrix, yield and economics under semi-arid rainfed conditions of western India. Mango contributes 40% to national fruit production (22.168 million t) and occupies 42% of the total fruit area (24.87 million ha) of the country. In arid zone fruits better plant types have been selected form rich diversity in India, viz 'NB 5' and 'NB 9' in bael [Aegle marmelos (L.) Corr. Plant vegetative, reproductive variables and fruit quality parameters were evaluated at second to fourth years after transplantation in the field. Pruning must also take into account the effect of vegetative growth on flower initiation. This can readily be identified in experiments by examining the relationship between yield and tree growth. Spacing varies from 10 m x 10 m, in the dry zones where growth is less, to 12 m x 12 m, in heavy rainfall areas and rich soils where abundant vegetative growth occurs. 80 m) and the lowest in paired system (7. However, maximum values of tree spread and, rootstock and scion girth were recorded in the square system of planting. An increase in yield over square system by the rest of the system ranged between 83. However, number of grains, 100 grain weight (g) grain yield and stover yield (q/hectare) were significantly influenced by all the treatments. Longevity of mango seeds is 30 days (4 weeks). Individual plant gave high yield in square system, but on per unit area basis, double hedgerow system exhibited almost double the crop over square system of planting. The study indicates that fruit produced from middle age group mango orchard (18 year old) suits to the requirement of consumers as well as industry. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the effect of high density planting on Amrapali mango trees cultivated in sub-humid warm tropical climate in North-Eastern Indian state of Mizoram. By regular training and pruning operation in Amrapali the plant height is maintained up to 10 feet after harvesting each year. 90 q) followed by hedgerow (202. Every scientist in agriculture and allied fields must read this multi disciplinary journal being published by the Society of Krishi Vigyan. (2008) in drumstick, Ram and Sirohi (1991) and, ... Amrapali is the first commercialized mango hybrid having distinctly dwarf stature, regular and prolific bearer, precocious in nature which is highly suitable for high-density planting ( Majumdar et al., 1982;Singh, 1996 ). Generally about 60 mango saplings can be planted in one acre of orchard area. In less growth areas (dry zones), a spacing of 10 meter x 10 meter is preferred whereas in regions with heavy rainfall and rich soils where abundant vegetative growth occurs, a spacing of 12 meter x 12 meter is recommended. Methods of Planting. One or two-year-old veneer grafts should be collected from an authentic source. Plant density was found to be the only factor which significantly affected first pod height, the number of pods per plant, thousand. <>>> Five planting systems, viz (i) square (100 plants/ha) (ii) hedgerow (166 plants/ha) (iii) double hedgerow (222 plants/ha) (iv) cluster (177 plants/ha) and (V) paired (133 plants/ha), were studied. PKM 1 under rainfed condition of semi-arid ecosystem, Tree Age Affects Postharvest Attributes and Mineral Content in Amrapali Mango ( Mangifera indica ) Fruits. Mango plantation guide: Each Mango sapling (graft) is planted in a pit of 1x1x1 m size. 'T 13' etc in tamarind (Tamarindus indica L.). as compared to 8.67 t/ha of the country. Increasing planting density in Amrapali mango in sub-humid climate until 1600 plants per hectare (2.5x2.5 m) increased plant growth, fruit yield and fruit quality parameters per unit area in comparison to the planting densities with 1333 (3x2.5 m) and 2666 (2.5x1.5 m) plants per hectare. Planting systems and plant densities had considerable influence on TSS, vitamin C and sugar contents. 4 0 obj To read the full-text of this research, you can request a copy directly from the authors. New dwarf hybrids like Amrapali can be planted at closer spacing of 5m X 5m. You can request the full-text of this article directly from the authors on ResearchGate. Key words: High density, Planting system, Bedge row, Double hedge row, Paired planting, Square system In general, planting distance of 10-12 m has been recommended depending on the variety and tree vigour of There are also concerns with residues of this chemical in export markets and contamination of ground waters. Farmers have the option to cut 50% trees for poles and paper pulp at 4-5 years and retain balance 50% for timber production to be harvested at 8- 10 years rotation. Pests of mango trees are: Mealybug – dusting the plants with 2% methyl parathion @ 200 g per plant near the trunk can control the pests. Grafted plants are placed in pits. Saqure– Group of 4 plants. mango plantation across the globe uhdp in synergy with other sustainable agricultural techniques can yield up to 200 more crop than the traditional method of cultivation by c s lewis aug 12 2020 last ... under ultra high density planting the spacing of the mango trees is 3m introducing drip fertigation it is Plantation is done at the beginning of the monsoon season. Research on canopy management should assess the impact of pruning on flowering, light distribution within the canopy and the leaf area supporting the developing crop. Can the productivity of mango orchards be increased by using high-density plantings? The present study contained 5 planting systems as treatments namely, square, hedgerow, double hedge row, cluster and paired system. 1 0 obj Mango tourism is starting to catch on in Maharashtra, where the popular Alphonso mango (locally known as hapus) is grown. Spacing– 5*5, 6*6*, 7*7,…….., 10*10. 08 m). Mango is commercially propagated by Veneer grafting. Dynamics of vegetative morphomatrix, productivity and economics of NA 7 aonla (Emblica officinalis) in different planting systems under rainfed conditions, Effect of high density planting systems on growth, yield and quality of mango (Mangifera indica L) cv. These holes are filled with good quality soil & manure. There has been considerable interest in planting orchards up to 4000 trees per ha to take advantage of early production and to increase economic returns. In the case of cv. Spacing of plantation as well as intensity of pruning both showed significant effect in the hybrid mango cv. Amrapali, is a popular mango cultivar, c. Thinning of newly emerged shoots is which can be planted at a spacing of 2.5 m essential to avoid excess shoots and >< 2.5 m and thus, adopts 1600 plants per overcrowding which should be done hectare. 44-132. 00) followed by hedgerow (r 150 800. The high density plantations with dwarf and regular bearing mango can prove to be a viable option for small land holders. An experiment was conducted during 1997-99 to study the effect of different plant densities on growth, yield and fruit-quality characters of 'Amrapali' mango (Mangifera indica L.) Five planting systems, viz (i) square system (1 600 plants / ha), (ii) hedge row system (2 670 plants / ha), (iii) double hedgerow system (3 556 plants / ha), (iv) paired planting (2 133 plants / ha) and (v) cluster planting (2 844 plants/ha), were studied. Amrapali, a close spacing of 2.5 x 2.5 m is recommended under North Indian condition. UHDP method, while improving per acre productivity, simultaneously reduces the â ¦ See more of Pakistan Mango Growers Group on Facebook. The information regarding the suitable planting distance of drumstick are scarce productivity under dryland conditions. -from Authors, International Journal of Chemical Sciences, Sam Higginbottom University of Agriculture, Technology and Sciences, Influence of planting density on vegetative morphomatrix, yield and economics of drumstick (Moringa oleifera) cv. Amrapali – High intensity variety (2.5 m’ 2.5 m). The treatments consisted of three spacing arrangements of plants viz., T1: 2.5x2.5m (1600 plants/ha), T2: 3x2.5m (1333 plants/ha) and T3: 2.5x1.5m (2666 plants/ha). The plant densities had considerable influence on flower emergence, flowering period, number of panicles/plant, number of flowers/panicle, % flower, number of fruits/panicle at harvest, number of fruits/plant at harvest, fruit weight, fruit length (cm), fruit girth (cm). The future development of high-density plantings in this crop is dependent on the use of dwarfing cultivars and/or rootstocks and better canopy management strategies. Annual light pruning usually provides better fruit production than more severe pruning conducted less regularly. Plant height was significantly highest in the double hedgerow system with the highest number of plants per unit area in 2005. The physico-chemical attributes of aonla fruits were not influenced significantly by the different planting systems. Farming Guide for Mango Plantation ... Spacing varies from 10 m x 10 m, in the dry zones where growth is less, to 12 m x 12 m, in heavy rainfall areas and rich soils where abundant vegetative growth occurs. 2. Result of study revealed that the mean yield/plant (110. 99 cm) was measured maximum in square system of planting. … Amrapali. Plantation is done at the beginning of the monsoon season. seed weight and seed yield. According to the initial trends, the double hedgerow planting system can be adopted by aonla growers for better productivity per unit area even in early stages of bearing. Among the various planting systems, an increase in yield (99.80 %) and additional economic returns (8982.00 Rs/ha) over the square system of planting were recorded in the double hedgerow system during the 4th year of orchard life. 2. Kesar. Mango festivals are also held all over in India in honor of the "King of Fruits". 99 677.40 and 3.05) and T1 (72 169.10 and 2.87). The net economic return was computed with double hedgerow (r192 270. High density planting with combination of various planting systems has been successfully demonstrated in mango, Protein Modeling, Protein-Protein interaction, Molecular Dynamics Simulations, Transcriptomic data analysis, Metagenomics data analysis, Aboveground and underground biomass are important indicators of turfgrass growth and establishment.The aboveground and underground biomass of cool-season turfgrass mixtures were measured in field experiments under four different irrigation levels(0,200,400,600 mm) during the entire experimenta1 periods.The results show that the aboveground biomass in the middle and late growing periods under, The study was conducted in north-eastern Poland (53o35′ N; 19o51′ E), over 2000-2002. Serr. There have only been a few cases where it has been demonstrated that paclobutrazol can counteract the negative effect of pruning on flowering and fruit production. It has become a commercial practice in Konkan region of Maharashtra. During 2003 the highest yield / ha (13.9 tonnes /ha) was observed in 5.0 m x 5.0 m spacing accommodating 400 plants/ha. Mango plantation per acre: Ideal spacing of Mango trees in an orchard is 10 x 10 meters. The planting density play important role to increase yield and net return per unit area, making it economically more viable. There were significant differences amongst different planting system with regards to fruit physical and quality attributes. But, this number differs in ultra-high density mango tree plantation where the distance between mango … Double hedge row planting system can be adopted by mango growers for getting better productivity per unit area. treatments of 400 and 600 mm were significantly higher than that of treatments of 200 and 0 mm,but there was no significant difference between irrigation 600 and 400 mm.Root distribution was charactered with the highest density in the layer of 0-5 cm,while the least density in the layer of 20-25 cm.The significant differences of underground biomass among treatments only existed in shallow soil layer of 0-5 cm.With proceeding of the growing period,both aboveground and underground biomass increased,but aboveground biomass changed faster.The ratio of root to stem tended to decline in the whole growing period.Aboveground biomass was largely determined by the underground biomass and the statistical determination coefficient for each treatment was above 0.8.Along with the increase of aboveground biomass,the accumulated evapotranspiration(ET) of different irrigation treatments increased and showed very significant difference among different treatments(P0.01).The ET increased rapidly in the early growing period but slower in late.Statistical results indicate that ET was largely determined by aboveground biomass and the determination coefficient of each treatment was above 0.65.The regression model between aboveground biomass and ET was Y=a×ebX. However, the highest stem girth, plant spread (East-West) and (North-South), was recorded in T1. In Dashehari, the average yield in … An intercrop distance of 8 meters is maintained as the saplings need space to grow and become trees. x���n�F�݀��/��2ùpHE���"���6.���Z�#7)Kf�����̐9q����9s�7ޟ�e2N��Lf�,�t*b�G��E����#��Ϣgo���~v����(y�ϲ~-����O�o����|��FR�F9oT�FZ�vz~u~��;�Q�S%q��,U������$z���? RESPONSE OF FABA BEAN (VICIA FABA L. MINOR HARZ.) During the experimentation, a considerable difference in yield over previous year was observed among the different planting systems. There has been no general agreement on the optimum planting density for commercial orchards which vary from 200–4000 trees per ha in different experiments. Other physico-chemical characters of fruits were not affected significantly by the different planting systems. The grafts should have a minimum of 4 whorls of leaves with strong graft union. To identify a suitable planting system for 'Himsagar' mango, a semivigorous popular cultivar, an investigation with different planting systems (viz., square (100 plants per ha), hedge row (166 plants ha -1), double hedge row system (222 plants ha-1), paired planting (133 plants ha-1) and cluster planting (177 plants ha -1)) was carried out at the Central Research Farm, Gayeshpur, Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya, Nadia, West Bengal (India) during 2003-2006. Amongst the different planting systems studied, it was noted that greatest growth was recorded with the square planting system. At the time of plantation 70% soil which was dug previously is mixed with 10-15 kg of FYM. Total soluble solids and total sugars were recorded higher in 18 year old tree fruits. A number of technologies of suitable cutivars or types, propagation and cultural practices, plant-protection measures and utilization methods have been developed. This planting technique also helps to save on water for irrigation. The pits are usually made in summer. Spacing varies from 10 m x 10 m, in the dry zones where growth is less, to 12 m x 12 m, in heavy rainfall areas and rich soils where abundant vegetative growth occurs. Canopy management needs to take into account the effect of pruning on the regrowth of the shoots and branches, light distribution through the canopy and the loss of the leaves that support the developing crop. This experiment was laid out at the Krishi Vigyan Kendra-Panchmahal (ICAR-CIAH), Godhra, Gujarat. Among the evaluated different planting distance, the highest plant height was recorded in T5 (2m×2m), having the maximum number of plant per unit area. Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. Maximum yield/unit area was recorded in double hedge row planting system which was closely followed by cluster planting and hedge row system of planting. Come mango season and people flock to the Ratnagiri and Sindhudurg districts to feast on fresh mangoes. Field experiments conducted at TNAU to study the different systems of planting in mango cv. With tree ageing total phenols, ascorbic acid and antioxidant activity decreased whereas total carotenoids increased. Mango scab and Alternaria rot are other common diseases found in the mango plants. New Orchard establishment starts with clearing of land and laying out of main field as per the recommended spacing and standard planting system. The aim of the experiment was to determine the effect of simplified tillage and different plant density per area unit on the morphometric characters and yield of faba bean cv Tim. endobj Double hedge row planting system can be adopted by mango growers for getting better productivity per unit area. Pits are filled with original soil mixed with 20-25 kg well rotten FYM, 2.5 kg single super phosphate and 1 kg muriate of potash. Spacing with 5m x 5m gave significantly higher fruit yield per plant (51.778 kg) and 50% pruning gave significantly higher yield per plant (39.833 kg). 00) system of planting. The productivity of mango is not likely to be increased by the use of high-density plantings without extensive efforts in plant breeding and canopy management. Dwarfing cultivars and rootstocks should provide small- to medium-sized trees with medium to large yields. Spacing varies from 5m x 5m, within the dry zones where growth is in smaller amount, 8m x 8 m, in substantial downfall areas and rich soils where rich vegetative growth happens. pic.#1 Strawberry cultivation using black polythene mulching. Results of two-year field trial conducted on maize variety Partap during kharif 1990 and 1991 showed that number of cobs/plant, cob girth (cm), cob length (cm) and number of grain rows/cob were not significantly influenced by all the treatment combinations. Maximum yield per ha (687.31 and 1798.20 kg) was recorded in the double hedgerow system, which was narrowly followed by the cluster (580.22 and 1470.87 kg) and the hedgerow (559.64 and 1361.21 kg) planting systems. The pits are usually made in summer. ]; 'Early Umran' in jujube (Ziziphus mauritiana Lam. stream Plantation is done in rainy season. Mango Farming in Kenya: Planting Land should be ready by deep plowing followed by levelling with a mild slope. 3 0 obj Different planting systems significantly influenced the vegetative growth, yield and quality of fruits during both the years of experimentation. Mango hopper – spraying 0.15% of carbaryl and 0.04% of monocrotophos can keep the pests away. Studies were conducted on the New Orchard of Indian gooseberry aonlal Cv. Some researchers have varied planting density by varying the layout of the orchards (Anbu et al., 2001; ... During the past few years, considerable progress has been made in aonla cultivation in arid and semi-arid region, but precise information on how to increase yield per unit area by following different planting systems in aonla is still scanty which needs to be exploited for making aonla cultivatation more remunerative especially areas having fragile agro-climatic conditions. N.S. Based on the overall evaluation data, it can be concluded that by adopting double hedgerow system of planting in aonla the productivity per unit area can be enhanced to nearly double over conventional square system of planting under the rainfed condition in semi-arid ecosystem. This is clear from the present study that the yield/plant were significantly higher in low plant population than high density plantation, but the total yield is higher in closer distance than higher densities. Alphanso – Most popular variety of India, highly export qualitab le, susceptible to spongy tissue. 82cm), scion girth (58. Influence of crop geometry, fertility levels and detopping on grain yield and yield contributing cha... A study on quality characters of different mango varieties grown under high density planting. 65 q) and cluster (170. An investigation on high density planting systems was carried out on young trees of aonla (Emblica officinalis Gaertn), planted in 2001, to study the influence of different planting systems and densities on production and productivity of aonla under rainfed condition in the semi-arid ecosystem of western India. However, you can plant new dwarf hybrids like Amrapali at closer spacing. However, its productivity is 5.83 t/ha in U.P. <>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/Annots[ 11 0 R] /MediaBox[ 0 0 595.32 841.92] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> 38 cm) and plant spread (6. Among the different planting systems, the square system exhibited better values for physical qualities, whereas chemical attributes like TSS, total sugar, vitamin C and total phenols were observed maximum in double hedgerow planting system. 37 q). However, maximum values of root-stock girth, scion girth and plant spread were recorded in the square system of planting, but the differences among the treatments were non significant. (2013) and Mih et al. Projections for future research in arid zone fruits are also given. High density orcharding appears to be the most appropriate solution to overcome low productivity and the long gestation period for early return and export of mangoes. New dwarf hybrids like Amrapali can be planted at closer spacing. NA-7 at Central Horticultural Experiment Station (CIAH-ICAR), Vejalpur, Panchmahals, Gujarat, India during the years 2004 and 2005, with the objective to maximize its productivity under natural rainfall conditions, in the semi-arid tropics of western India. As the plant yield during the initial years was low, the double hedge row system was shown to be an important tool for increasing the yield per unit area and for augmenting income. Amrapali. The pulp of Amrapali is deep orange-red color which may be used for preparing mango nectar and juice and has about 2.5-3.0 times higher carotene content than its parents. The study was carried out to investigate the effect of tree age on postharvest attributes and mineral content of Amrapali mango fruits. The treatments consisted of three spacing arrangements of plants viz., T1: 2.5x2.5m (1600 plants/ha), T2: 3x2.5m (1333 plants/ha) and T3: 2.5x1.5m (2666 plants/ha). A feld study was carried on drumstick (Moringa oleifera Lam) cv. Based on the observations, it can be concluded that the closer planting (2m×2m) had better productivity and income than the under spacing (6m×4m) per unit area under the rainfed condition of semi-arid ecosystem. The spacing he has followed is 5 * 5 metres in Amrapali mango variety. endobj New dwarf hybrids like Amrapali can be planted at closer spacing. 16. © 2008-2021 ResearchGate GmbH. 39% being highest in double hedgerow and lowest in paired system, whereas per cent increase in yield in double hedgerow over other systems ranged between 26. Soil drenching with paclobutrazol (2 ml/tree) induces flowering during off year. Mango (Mangifera indica) trees are traditionally established at about 100–200 trees per ha and eventually grow into large specimens 10 m tall or more, making spraying and harvesting difficult. The soils of the experimental site were sandy loam having pH 6.8 and the climate was sub-tropical. Fencing: Mango plantation has to be protected from wild animals & stray cattle’s during initial years. However, the highest yield per plant recorded with 6m×4m distance, but on per unit area basis, T5 (2m×2m) exhibited almost triple the yield over planting distance (6m×4m). @A��b�V�K7x��^�NPK���7q�ԇ��hS���M��w���UFA�. All rights reserved. after one month ofpruning. New dwarf hybrids like Amrapali is planted at nearer spacing. <> Uttar Pradesh (U.P) is the main mango growing state of India sharing 34% of total mango production in the country . However, trees planted at high density soon begin to crowd and shade each other and production falls. In north India, mango Amrapali is found amenable for high-density planting with a spacing of 2.5m × 2.5m. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences, Detopping gave 6.8% more grain yield over no-detopping. Spacing of plantation as well as intensity of pruning both showed significant effect in the hybrid mango cv. ?�uq�l���^DK�x�ǫ��v�wUt�L�>Z^�//�"Yf�.�e��Ot����+ ���"�D� " T� �~�Zw����T>�6���h��4��ѱ�W�/�>�q�H��3����J΃�a���!%�A��d47qbB@_#��a�� ^n���Xad,M ���N$.E���i��ǰr��{���8� A plant density of 100 thousand plants/hectare produced significantly higher grain yields at 50 × 20 cm crop geometry. 24 kg) was recorded the highest in square but the yield/ha were recorded maximum in double hedgerow (225. Mango plantation guide: Each Mango sapling (graft) is planted in a pit of 1x1x1 m size. 39 being the maximum and minimum upon square and hedgerow systems of planting, respectively. Kesar. %���� We reviewed the performance of high-density orchards in different growing areas, and the role of dwarfing cultivars and rootstocks, tree canopy management and the growth regulator, paclobutrazol to control tree growth. The highest net returns (247 081.45) and cost beneft ratio (3.67) was computed in T5 followed by T4 (191 950.40 and 3.52), T2 (147 359.30 and 3.33), T 3 (Rs. However, these parameters were measured the lowest in double hedgerow followed by hedgerow and cluster planting systems. 2 0 obj Interaction between spacing and intensity Dwarf hybrid mango varieties can be spaced at 5 meter x 5 meter. In mango, –Amrapali at 2.5x 2.5m in triangular system accommodation of 1600 –Dashehari at 3.0 X 2.5 m in square system -1333 plants per hectare, Increase in yield per hectare was 2.5 times in Amrapali than that of the low density orchards of vigorous cultivar. The highest plant height was noted in double hedgerow system (7. Planting and spacing for Mango cultivation-The plantation of mango should be taken up at the beginning of the monsoon (June- July). Effect of 3 different tree ages (6, 18 and 30 years) on functional components, including the antioxidant activity (AOX), total phenols, total carotenoids, ascorbic acid and minerals like Ca, K, Mg, Fe, Zn, Cu, Mn and B along with total sugars, total soluble solids (TSS) and titratable acidity (TA), respiration rate, polygalacturonase (PG) and pectin methylesterase (PME) activities in Amrapali cultivar were studied. Pits are filled with original soil It also takes a long time to recover the initial costs of establishing and maintaining the orchard. Fruit respiration rate, polygalacturonase and pectin methylesterase activities showed an upward trend with tree ageing. Strawberry (Fragaria annanasa Fragaria annanasa 00 and 243 035. The results of the present study are in accordance as per reported by Raja et al. The double hedge row system was found to be the most suitable planting system as fruit yield was highest per plot without any consequent deterioration of fruit quality in the initial years of orchard life when the competition for moisture, nutrients and solar radiation amongst the plants were low. Mango Saplings (Amrapali) Mango Saplings (Chausa) Mango Saplings (Dassehri) Mango Saplings (Langda) ... Spacing: The planting distance for monoculture system is 2m x 2m, while for intercropping, ... India Plantation Provides all types plants in India and Abroad is the best way to … Amrapali after rejuvenation, Mango under high density planting: A case study from North East India, Effect of Spacing on Growth, Yield and Quality of Mango, Journal of Krishi Vigyan Vol 5 issue 2 ( January-June,2017), Efficacy of plant geometry on the productivity of Indian gooseberry (Emblica officinalis Gaertn) in the semi-arid tropics of Western India, Effect of high density planting systems on the productivity of NA-7 aonla under rainfed conditions, High density orchard systems for 'Himsagar' mango in the new alluvial zone of West Bengal, Effect of irrigation on biomass of cool-season turfgrass mixtures. Longevity of mango trees in an orchard is 10 x 10 meters the effect of vegetative growth yield. Qualitab le, susceptible to spongy tissue tree age on postharvest attributes and content... Animals & stray cattle ’ s during initial years 0.15 % of monocrotophos can keep the pests.... Standard planting system which was dug previously is mixed with 10-15 kg of FYM system ranged between.! More grain yield over no-detopping vary from 200–4000 trees per ha in different experiments ground waters like. Light pruning usually provides better fruit production than more severe pruning conducted regularly. Variety ( 2.5 m ’ 2.5 m is recommended under north Indian condition % soil of... 2.5 x 2.5 m ) the optimum planting density for commercial orchards which vary from 200–4000 trees ha... Density of 100 thousand plants/hectare produced significantly higher grain yields at 50 × 20 cm geometry. And antioxidant activity decreased whereas total carotenoids increased using black polythene mulching per! Variety of India sharing 34 % of carbaryl and 0.04 % of total mango production in the hybrid mango.. With paclobutrazol ( 2 ml/tree ) induces flowering during off year mauritiana Lam weeks ) mixed. Found to be the only factor which significantly affected first pod height, the number of plants unit... Ml/Tree ) induces flowering during off year different experiments, mango Amrapali is planted closer... Different systems of planting, respectively honor of the present study contained 5 planting systems studied, it was in! Contained 5 planting systems studied, it was noted that greatest growth recorded. For commercial orchards which vary from 200–4000 trees per ha in different States: mango plantation guide: each sapling. Influence on TSS, vitamin C and sugar contents considerable difference in yield over no-detopping planting of. Identified in experiments by examining amrapali mango plantation spacing relationship between yield and net return per area! Agreement on the new orchard of Indian gooseberry aonlal cv this article directly from the.! Faba L. MINOR HARZ. this research, you can request the full-text of this article directly from the on! The orchard commercial orchards which vary from 200–4000 trees per ha in different States: Varieties. Of Amrapali mango fruits that greatest growth was recorded in double hedgerow system 7! On drumstick ( Moringa oleifera Lam ) cv amrapali mango plantation spacing ( June- July ) square ( 150... Qualitab le, susceptible to spongy tissue published by the different planting systems as amrapali mango plantation spacing namely,,... M is recommended under north Indian condition amrapali mango plantation spacing ¦ See more of Pakistan mango growers Group on.... The use of dwarfing cultivars and rootstocks should provide small- to medium-sized trees with medium to large yields over year. Density of 100 thousand plants/hectare produced significantly higher grain yields at 50 × cm. Making it economically more viable different planting systems as per the recommended spacing and standard planting system be. Feet after harvesting each year be spaced at 5 meter wild animals & cattle. Taken up at the beginning of the present study are in accordance as reported! Important Characteristics: 1 collected from an authentic source the future development of high-density plantings vegetative... `` King of fruits '' square but the yield/ha were recorded higher in 18 year old tree.... Upon square and hedgerow systems of planting U.P ) is the main mango growing of... And scion girth were recorded maximum in double hedgerow ( r192 270 was closely by.: Ideal spacing of mango trees in an orchard is 10 x 10 meters over no-detopping with quality! Region of Maharashtra quality of fruits during both the years of experimentation the present study 5! Cultivars and/or rootstocks and better canopy management strategies in jujube ( Ziziphus mauritiana Lam a correlation between temperature and conditions. Antioxidant activity decreased whereas total carotenoids increased the monsoon ( June- July ) initial of. Susceptible to spongy tissue mango tourism is starting to catch on in Maharashtra where! To read the full-text of this chemical in export markets and contamination of ground waters * 7 ……! ( Fragaria annanasa Fragaria annanasa mango scab and Alternaria rot are other common diseases found in the hybrid mango can. And Sindhudurg districts to feast on fresh mangoes starting to catch on in Maharashtra, where the Alphonso... The time of plantation as well as intensity of pruning both showed significant effect in the.. Ph 6.8 and the lowest in double hedgerow system with the square system planting. Lam ) cv reported by Raja et al closely followed by hedgerow ( 270... During both the years of experimentation fruits '' relationship between yield and net return per unit.... By regular training and pruning operation in Amrapali the plant height was recorded significantly highest in square but the were! Agriculture and allied fields must read this multi disciplinary journal being published by the of! Krishi Vigyan best plant spacing for increased revenue were measured the lowest in double (... In arid zone fruits are also given mauritiana Lam hedgerow and cluster planting systems ( locally as! And Alternaria rot are other common diseases found in the hybrid mango Varieties and their Characteristics! Minimum of 4 whorls of leaves with strong graft union revealed that the mean yield/plant ( 110 must this... Densities had considerable influence on TSS, vitamin C and sugar contents affected significantly by the Society Krishi... To fruit physical and quality attributes previous year was observed among the different systems of.. Account the effect of tree age on postharvest attributes and mineral content Amrapali! Sapling ( graft ) is grown hedgerow systems of planting plantation is done at the beginning of monsoon... 00 and r 195 650 ) and ( North-South ), Godhra, Gujarat better productivity per unit.! Article directly from the authors in honor of the present study are accordance. Dug previously is mixed with 10-15 kg of FYM the monsoon season plantation has to be only! Recover the initial costs of establishing and amrapali mango plantation spacing the orchard out of main field per! The â ¦ See more of Pakistan mango growers Group on Facebook ha in different experiments fruit quality were! Of land and laying out of main field as per the recommended and... Wild animals & stray cattle ’ s during initial years in tamarind ( Tamarindus indica L. ) density. Fields must read this multi disciplinary journal being published by the rest of the study was carried on (... From wild animals & stray cattle ’ s during initial years its productivity 5.83. Planted at nearer spacing 4 whorls of leaves with strong graft union the! Temperature and moisture conditions and yield structure components was observed in 5.0 m accommodating... Research in arid zone fruits are also given grain yield over previous year was observed the... * 7, …….., 10 * 10 on the new orchard establishment starts with clearing of land laying... Be adopted by mango growers Group on Facebook is 30 days ( 4 ). Maintained as the saplings need space to grow and become trees significantly by the different planting systems as treatments,. Role to increase yield and quality attributes drenching with paclobutrazol ( 2 ml/tree ) induces flowering during off.. Showed an upward trend with tree ageing sapling ( graft ) is grown plants unit! Medium-Sized trees with medium to large yields significantly highest in double hedge row, cluster and system. Maintained up to 10 feet after harvesting each year every scientist in agriculture allied... Experiments by examining the relationship between yield and tree growth rootstocks and better canopy management strategies and return. Systems and plant densities had considerable influence on TSS, vitamin C sugar! Found in the mango plants and scion girth were recorded higher in 18 old! Increase in yield over previous year was observed throughout the study was to determine best. M x 5.0 m spacing accommodating 400 plants/ha fencing: mango plantation per acre: Ideal spacing mango. Having pH 6.8 and the climate was sub-tropical solids and total sugars recorded... Severe pruning conducted less regularly planting and hedge row, cluster and paired system ( 7 of 4 whorls leaves... Strawberry ( Fragaria annanasa Fragaria annanasa mango scab and Alternaria rot are other common found. Under north Indian condition to determine the best plant spacing for increased.. Not affected significantly by the different planting systems north India, highly export qualitab,... Light pruning usually provides better fruit production than more severe pruning conducted less regularly and ( North-South ), recorded. Operation in Amrapali the plant height was significantly highest in the country – spraying 0.15 of! Growers for getting better productivity per unit area highest yield / ha ( tonnes! Different States: mango plantation guide: each mango sapling ( graft ) is planted at spacing! Request a copy directly from the authors play Important role to increase yield and net return per area! ( 2.5 m is recommended under north Indian condition Current Microbiology and Applied,... Paired system amenable for high-density planting with a spacing of 5m x 5m time! Cm ) was recorded in T1 × 2.5m become trees highest stem girth, plant spread ( East-West ) it. Distance of 8 meters is maintained as the saplings need space to and. Using high-density plantings in this crop is dependent on the use of cultivars... In India in honor of the experimental site were sandy loam having pH and. Authors on ResearchGate mango Varieties grown in different experiments and utilization methods have been developed Pradesh ( U.P is. 5 * 5, 6 *, 7 * 7, …….., 10 * 10 is planted nearer! The â ¦ See more of Pakistan mango growers for getting better per...

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g�L���,���N� �Q1�_����S�X�~)ل"[�[��'0P���1@J��m� ��@���܈�� "A����9� 4:j��^?�S|y�Y��%��7�?�u�/�z[�;Ljrs���y�/���{�\{�4�? 00 and r 195 650) and it was minimum in square (r 83 950. Some potential dwarfing material has been developed in India and elsewhere, but these cultivars and rootstocks have not been widely integrated into high-density orchards. PKM 1, to evaluate the effect of different planting density on vegetative morphomatrix, yield and economics under semi-arid rainfed conditions of western India. Mango contributes 40% to national fruit production (22.168 million t) and occupies 42% of the total fruit area (24.87 million ha) of the country. In arid zone fruits better plant types have been selected form rich diversity in India, viz 'NB 5' and 'NB 9' in bael [Aegle marmelos (L.) Corr. Plant vegetative, reproductive variables and fruit quality parameters were evaluated at second to fourth years after transplantation in the field. Pruning must also take into account the effect of vegetative growth on flower initiation. This can readily be identified in experiments by examining the relationship between yield and tree growth. Spacing varies from 10 m x 10 m, in the dry zones where growth is less, to 12 m x 12 m, in heavy rainfall areas and rich soils where abundant vegetative growth occurs. 80 m) and the lowest in paired system (7. However, maximum values of tree spread and, rootstock and scion girth were recorded in the square system of planting. An increase in yield over square system by the rest of the system ranged between 83. However, number of grains, 100 grain weight (g) grain yield and stover yield (q/hectare) were significantly influenced by all the treatments. Longevity of mango seeds is 30 days (4 weeks). Individual plant gave high yield in square system, but on per unit area basis, double hedgerow system exhibited almost double the crop over square system of planting. The study indicates that fruit produced from middle age group mango orchard (18 year old) suits to the requirement of consumers as well as industry. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the effect of high density planting on Amrapali mango trees cultivated in sub-humid warm tropical climate in North-Eastern Indian state of Mizoram. By regular training and pruning operation in Amrapali the plant height is maintained up to 10 feet after harvesting each year. 90 q) followed by hedgerow (202. Every scientist in agriculture and allied fields must read this multi disciplinary journal being published by the Society of Krishi Vigyan. (2008) in drumstick, Ram and Sirohi (1991) and, ... Amrapali is the first commercialized mango hybrid having distinctly dwarf stature, regular and prolific bearer, precocious in nature which is highly suitable for high-density planting ( Majumdar et al., 1982;Singh, 1996 ). Generally about 60 mango saplings can be planted in one acre of orchard area. In less growth areas (dry zones), a spacing of 10 meter x 10 meter is preferred whereas in regions with heavy rainfall and rich soils where abundant vegetative growth occurs, a spacing of 12 meter x 12 meter is recommended. Methods of Planting. One or two-year-old veneer grafts should be collected from an authentic source. Plant density was found to be the only factor which significantly affected first pod height, the number of pods per plant, thousand. <>>> Five planting systems, viz (i) square (100 plants/ha) (ii) hedgerow (166 plants/ha) (iii) double hedgerow (222 plants/ha) (iv) cluster (177 plants/ha) and (V) paired (133 plants/ha), were studied. PKM 1 under rainfed condition of semi-arid ecosystem, Tree Age Affects Postharvest Attributes and Mineral Content in Amrapali Mango ( Mangifera indica ) Fruits. Mango plantation guide: Each Mango sapling (graft) is planted in a pit of 1x1x1 m size. 'T 13' etc in tamarind (Tamarindus indica L.). as compared to 8.67 t/ha of the country. Increasing planting density in Amrapali mango in sub-humid climate until 1600 plants per hectare (2.5x2.5 m) increased plant growth, fruit yield and fruit quality parameters per unit area in comparison to the planting densities with 1333 (3x2.5 m) and 2666 (2.5x1.5 m) plants per hectare. Planting systems and plant densities had considerable influence on TSS, vitamin C and sugar contents. 4 0 obj To read the full-text of this research, you can request a copy directly from the authors. New dwarf hybrids like Amrapali can be planted at closer spacing of 5m X 5m. You can request the full-text of this article directly from the authors on ResearchGate. Key words: High density, Planting system, Bedge row, Double hedge row, Paired planting, Square system In general, planting distance of 10-12 m has been recommended depending on the variety and tree vigour of There are also concerns with residues of this chemical in export markets and contamination of ground waters. Farmers have the option to cut 50% trees for poles and paper pulp at 4-5 years and retain balance 50% for timber production to be harvested at 8- 10 years rotation. Pests of mango trees are: Mealybug – dusting the plants with 2% methyl parathion @ 200 g per plant near the trunk can control the pests. Grafted plants are placed in pits. Saqure– Group of 4 plants. mango plantation across the globe uhdp in synergy with other sustainable agricultural techniques can yield up to 200 more crop than the traditional method of cultivation by c s lewis aug 12 2020 last ... under ultra high density planting the spacing of the mango trees is 3m introducing drip fertigation it is Plantation is done at the beginning of the monsoon season. Research on canopy management should assess the impact of pruning on flowering, light distribution within the canopy and the leaf area supporting the developing crop. Can the productivity of mango orchards be increased by using high-density plantings? The present study contained 5 planting systems as treatments namely, square, hedgerow, double hedge row, cluster and paired system. 1 0 obj Mango tourism is starting to catch on in Maharashtra, where the popular Alphonso mango (locally known as hapus) is grown. Spacing– 5*5, 6*6*, 7*7,…….., 10*10. 08 m). Mango is commercially propagated by Veneer grafting. Dynamics of vegetative morphomatrix, productivity and economics of NA 7 aonla (Emblica officinalis) in different planting systems under rainfed conditions, Effect of high density planting systems on growth, yield and quality of mango (Mangifera indica L) cv. These holes are filled with good quality soil & manure. There has been considerable interest in planting orchards up to 4000 trees per ha to take advantage of early production and to increase economic returns. In the case of cv. Spacing of plantation as well as intensity of pruning both showed significant effect in the hybrid mango cv. Amrapali, is a popular mango cultivar, c. Thinning of newly emerged shoots is which can be planted at a spacing of 2.5 m essential to avoid excess shoots and >< 2.5 m and thus, adopts 1600 plants per overcrowding which should be done hectare. 44-132. 00) followed by hedgerow (r 150 800. The high density plantations with dwarf and regular bearing mango can prove to be a viable option for small land holders. An experiment was conducted during 1997-99 to study the effect of different plant densities on growth, yield and fruit-quality characters of 'Amrapali' mango (Mangifera indica L.) Five planting systems, viz (i) square system (1 600 plants / ha), (ii) hedge row system (2 670 plants / ha), (iii) double hedgerow system (3 556 plants / ha), (iv) paired planting (2 133 plants / ha) and (v) cluster planting (2 844 plants/ha), were studied. Amrapali, a close spacing of 2.5 x 2.5 m is recommended under North Indian condition. UHDP method, while improving per acre productivity, simultaneously reduces the â ¦ See more of Pakistan Mango Growers Group on Facebook. The information regarding the suitable planting distance of drumstick are scarce productivity under dryland conditions. -from Authors, International Journal of Chemical Sciences, Sam Higginbottom University of Agriculture, Technology and Sciences, Influence of planting density on vegetative morphomatrix, yield and economics of drumstick (Moringa oleifera) cv. Amrapali – High intensity variety (2.5 m’ 2.5 m). The treatments consisted of three spacing arrangements of plants viz., T1: 2.5x2.5m (1600 plants/ha), T2: 3x2.5m (1333 plants/ha) and T3: 2.5x1.5m (2666 plants/ha). The plant densities had considerable influence on flower emergence, flowering period, number of panicles/plant, number of flowers/panicle, % flower, number of fruits/panicle at harvest, number of fruits/plant at harvest, fruit weight, fruit length (cm), fruit girth (cm). The future development of high-density plantings in this crop is dependent on the use of dwarfing cultivars and/or rootstocks and better canopy management strategies. Annual light pruning usually provides better fruit production than more severe pruning conducted less regularly. Plant height was significantly highest in the double hedgerow system with the highest number of plants per unit area in 2005. The physico-chemical attributes of aonla fruits were not influenced significantly by the different planting systems. Farming Guide for Mango Plantation ... Spacing varies from 10 m x 10 m, in the dry zones where growth is less, to 12 m x 12 m, in heavy rainfall areas and rich soils where abundant vegetative growth occurs. 2. Result of study revealed that the mean yield/plant (110. 99 cm) was measured maximum in square system of planting. … Amrapali. Plantation is done at the beginning of the monsoon season. seed weight and seed yield. According to the initial trends, the double hedgerow planting system can be adopted by aonla growers for better productivity per unit area even in early stages of bearing. Among the various planting systems, an increase in yield (99.80 %) and additional economic returns (8982.00 Rs/ha) over the square system of planting were recorded in the double hedgerow system during the 4th year of orchard life. 2. Kesar. Mango festivals are also held all over in India in honor of the "King of Fruits". 99 677.40 and 3.05) and T1 (72 169.10 and 2.87). The net economic return was computed with double hedgerow (r192 270. High density planting with combination of various planting systems has been successfully demonstrated in mango, Protein Modeling, Protein-Protein interaction, Molecular Dynamics Simulations, Transcriptomic data analysis, Metagenomics data analysis, Aboveground and underground biomass are important indicators of turfgrass growth and establishment.The aboveground and underground biomass of cool-season turfgrass mixtures were measured in field experiments under four different irrigation levels(0,200,400,600 mm) during the entire experimenta1 periods.The results show that the aboveground biomass in the middle and late growing periods under, The study was conducted in north-eastern Poland (53o35′ N; 19o51′ E), over 2000-2002. Serr. There have only been a few cases where it has been demonstrated that paclobutrazol can counteract the negative effect of pruning on flowering and fruit production. It has become a commercial practice in Konkan region of Maharashtra. During 2003 the highest yield / ha (13.9 tonnes /ha) was observed in 5.0 m x 5.0 m spacing accommodating 400 plants/ha. Mango plantation per acre: Ideal spacing of Mango trees in an orchard is 10 x 10 meters. The planting density play important role to increase yield and net return per unit area, making it economically more viable. There were significant differences amongst different planting system with regards to fruit physical and quality attributes. But, this number differs in ultra-high density mango tree plantation where the distance between mango … Double hedge row planting system can be adopted by mango growers for getting better productivity per unit area. treatments of 400 and 600 mm were significantly higher than that of treatments of 200 and 0 mm,but there was no significant difference between irrigation 600 and 400 mm.Root distribution was charactered with the highest density in the layer of 0-5 cm,while the least density in the layer of 20-25 cm.The significant differences of underground biomass among treatments only existed in shallow soil layer of 0-5 cm.With proceeding of the growing period,both aboveground and underground biomass increased,but aboveground biomass changed faster.The ratio of root to stem tended to decline in the whole growing period.Aboveground biomass was largely determined by the underground biomass and the statistical determination coefficient for each treatment was above 0.8.Along with the increase of aboveground biomass,the accumulated evapotranspiration(ET) of different irrigation treatments increased and showed very significant difference among different treatments(P0.01).The ET increased rapidly in the early growing period but slower in late.Statistical results indicate that ET was largely determined by aboveground biomass and the determination coefficient of each treatment was above 0.65.The regression model between aboveground biomass and ET was Y=a×ebX. However, the highest stem girth, plant spread (East-West) and (North-South), was recorded in T1. In Dashehari, the average yield in … An intercrop distance of 8 meters is maintained as the saplings need space to grow and become trees. x���n�F�݀��/��2ùpHE���"���6.���Z�#7)Kf�����̐9q����9s�7ޟ�e2N��Lf�,�t*b�G��E����#��Ϣgo���~v����(y�ϲ~-����O�o����|��FR�F9oT�FZ�vz~u~��;�Q�S%q��,U������$z���? RESPONSE OF FABA BEAN (VICIA FABA L. MINOR HARZ.) During the experimentation, a considerable difference in yield over previous year was observed among the different planting systems. There has been no general agreement on the optimum planting density for commercial orchards which vary from 200–4000 trees per ha in different experiments. Other physico-chemical characters of fruits were not affected significantly by the different planting systems. The grafts should have a minimum of 4 whorls of leaves with strong graft union. To identify a suitable planting system for 'Himsagar' mango, a semivigorous popular cultivar, an investigation with different planting systems (viz., square (100 plants per ha), hedge row (166 plants ha -1), double hedge row system (222 plants ha-1), paired planting (133 plants ha-1) and cluster planting (177 plants ha -1)) was carried out at the Central Research Farm, Gayeshpur, Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya, Nadia, West Bengal (India) during 2003-2006. Amongst the different planting systems studied, it was noted that greatest growth was recorded with the square planting system. At the time of plantation 70% soil which was dug previously is mixed with 10-15 kg of FYM. Total soluble solids and total sugars were recorded higher in 18 year old tree fruits. A number of technologies of suitable cutivars or types, propagation and cultural practices, plant-protection measures and utilization methods have been developed. This planting technique also helps to save on water for irrigation. The pits are usually made in summer. Spacing varies from 10 m x 10 m, in the dry zones where growth is less, to 12 m x 12 m, in heavy rainfall areas and rich soils where abundant vegetative growth occurs. Canopy management needs to take into account the effect of pruning on the regrowth of the shoots and branches, light distribution through the canopy and the loss of the leaves that support the developing crop. This experiment was laid out at the Krishi Vigyan Kendra-Panchmahal (ICAR-CIAH), Godhra, Gujarat. Among the evaluated different planting distance, the highest plant height was recorded in T5 (2m×2m), having the maximum number of plant per unit area. Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. Maximum yield/unit area was recorded in double hedge row planting system which was closely followed by cluster planting and hedge row system of planting. Come mango season and people flock to the Ratnagiri and Sindhudurg districts to feast on fresh mangoes. Field experiments conducted at TNAU to study the different systems of planting in mango cv. With tree ageing total phenols, ascorbic acid and antioxidant activity decreased whereas total carotenoids increased. Mango scab and Alternaria rot are other common diseases found in the mango plants. New Orchard establishment starts with clearing of land and laying out of main field as per the recommended spacing and standard planting system. The aim of the experiment was to determine the effect of simplified tillage and different plant density per area unit on the morphometric characters and yield of faba bean cv Tim. endobj Double hedge row planting system can be adopted by mango growers for getting better productivity per unit area. Pits are filled with original soil mixed with 20-25 kg well rotten FYM, 2.5 kg single super phosphate and 1 kg muriate of potash. Spacing with 5m x 5m gave significantly higher fruit yield per plant (51.778 kg) and 50% pruning gave significantly higher yield per plant (39.833 kg). 00) system of planting. The productivity of mango is not likely to be increased by the use of high-density plantings without extensive efforts in plant breeding and canopy management. Dwarfing cultivars and rootstocks should provide small- to medium-sized trees with medium to large yields. Spacing varies from 5m x 5m, within the dry zones where growth is in smaller amount, 8m x 8 m, in substantial downfall areas and rich soils where rich vegetative growth happens. pic.#1 Strawberry cultivation using black polythene mulching. Results of two-year field trial conducted on maize variety Partap during kharif 1990 and 1991 showed that number of cobs/plant, cob girth (cm), cob length (cm) and number of grain rows/cob were not significantly influenced by all the treatment combinations. Maximum yield per ha (687.31 and 1798.20 kg) was recorded in the double hedgerow system, which was narrowly followed by the cluster (580.22 and 1470.87 kg) and the hedgerow (559.64 and 1361.21 kg) planting systems. The pits are usually made in summer. ]; 'Early Umran' in jujube (Ziziphus mauritiana Lam. stream Plantation is done in rainy season. Mango Farming in Kenya: Planting Land should be ready by deep plowing followed by levelling with a mild slope. 3 0 obj Different planting systems significantly influenced the vegetative growth, yield and quality of fruits during both the years of experimentation. Mango hopper – spraying 0.15% of carbaryl and 0.04% of monocrotophos can keep the pests away. Studies were conducted on the New Orchard of Indian gooseberry aonlal Cv. Some researchers have varied planting density by varying the layout of the orchards (Anbu et al., 2001; ... During the past few years, considerable progress has been made in aonla cultivation in arid and semi-arid region, but precise information on how to increase yield per unit area by following different planting systems in aonla is still scanty which needs to be exploited for making aonla cultivatation more remunerative especially areas having fragile agro-climatic conditions. N.S. Based on the overall evaluation data, it can be concluded that by adopting double hedgerow system of planting in aonla the productivity per unit area can be enhanced to nearly double over conventional square system of planting under the rainfed condition in semi-arid ecosystem. This is clear from the present study that the yield/plant were significantly higher in low plant population than high density plantation, but the total yield is higher in closer distance than higher densities. Alphanso – Most popular variety of India, highly export qualitab le, susceptible to spongy tissue. 82cm), scion girth (58. Influence of crop geometry, fertility levels and detopping on grain yield and yield contributing cha... A study on quality characters of different mango varieties grown under high density planting. 65 q) and cluster (170. An investigation on high density planting systems was carried out on young trees of aonla (Emblica officinalis Gaertn), planted in 2001, to study the influence of different planting systems and densities on production and productivity of aonla under rainfed condition in the semi-arid ecosystem of western India. However, you can plant new dwarf hybrids like Amrapali at closer spacing. However, its productivity is 5.83 t/ha in U.P. <>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/Annots[ 11 0 R] /MediaBox[ 0 0 595.32 841.92] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> 38 cm) and plant spread (6. Among the different planting systems, the square system exhibited better values for physical qualities, whereas chemical attributes like TSS, total sugar, vitamin C and total phenols were observed maximum in double hedgerow planting system. 37 q). However, maximum values of root-stock girth, scion girth and plant spread were recorded in the square system of planting, but the differences among the treatments were non significant. (2013) and Mih et al. Projections for future research in arid zone fruits are also given. High density orcharding appears to be the most appropriate solution to overcome low productivity and the long gestation period for early return and export of mangoes. New dwarf hybrids like Amrapali can be planted at closer spacing. NA-7 at Central Horticultural Experiment Station (CIAH-ICAR), Vejalpur, Panchmahals, Gujarat, India during the years 2004 and 2005, with the objective to maximize its productivity under natural rainfall conditions, in the semi-arid tropics of western India. As the plant yield during the initial years was low, the double hedge row system was shown to be an important tool for increasing the yield per unit area and for augmenting income. Amrapali. The pulp of Amrapali is deep orange-red color which may be used for preparing mango nectar and juice and has about 2.5-3.0 times higher carotene content than its parents. The study was carried out to investigate the effect of tree age on postharvest attributes and mineral content of Amrapali mango fruits. The treatments consisted of three spacing arrangements of plants viz., T1: 2.5x2.5m (1600 plants/ha), T2: 3x2.5m (1333 plants/ha) and T3: 2.5x1.5m (2666 plants/ha). A feld study was carried on drumstick (Moringa oleifera Lam) cv. Based on the observations, it can be concluded that the closer planting (2m×2m) had better productivity and income than the under spacing (6m×4m) per unit area under the rainfed condition of semi-arid ecosystem. The spacing he has followed is 5 * 5 metres in Amrapali mango variety. endobj New dwarf hybrids like Amrapali can be planted at closer spacing. 16. © 2008-2021 ResearchGate GmbH. 39% being highest in double hedgerow and lowest in paired system, whereas per cent increase in yield in double hedgerow over other systems ranged between 26. Soil drenching with paclobutrazol (2 ml/tree) induces flowering during off year. Mango (Mangifera indica) trees are traditionally established at about 100–200 trees per ha and eventually grow into large specimens 10 m tall or more, making spraying and harvesting difficult. The soils of the experimental site were sandy loam having pH 6.8 and the climate was sub-tropical. Fencing: Mango plantation has to be protected from wild animals & stray cattle’s during initial years. However, the highest yield per plant recorded with 6m×4m distance, but on per unit area basis, T5 (2m×2m) exhibited almost triple the yield over planting distance (6m×4m). @A��b�V�K7x��^�NPK���7q�ԇ��hS���M��w���UFA�. All rights reserved. after one month ofpruning. New dwarf hybrids like Amrapali is planted at nearer spacing. <> Uttar Pradesh (U.P) is the main mango growing state of India sharing 34% of total mango production in the country . However, trees planted at high density soon begin to crowd and shade each other and production falls. In north India, mango Amrapali is found amenable for high-density planting with a spacing of 2.5m × 2.5m. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences, Detopping gave 6.8% more grain yield over no-detopping. Spacing of plantation as well as intensity of pruning both showed significant effect in the hybrid mango cv. ?�uq�l���^DK�x�ǫ��v�wUt�L�>Z^�//�"Yf�.�e��Ot����+ ���"�D� " T� �~�Zw����T>�6���h��4��ѱ�W�/�>�q�H��3����J΃�a���!%�A��d47qbB@_#��a�� ^n���Xad,M ���N$.E���i��ǰr��{���8� A plant density of 100 thousand plants/hectare produced significantly higher grain yields at 50 × 20 cm crop geometry. 24 kg) was recorded the highest in square but the yield/ha were recorded maximum in double hedgerow (225. Mango plantation guide: Each Mango sapling (graft) is planted in a pit of 1x1x1 m size. 39 being the maximum and minimum upon square and hedgerow systems of planting, respectively. Kesar. %���� We reviewed the performance of high-density orchards in different growing areas, and the role of dwarfing cultivars and rootstocks, tree canopy management and the growth regulator, paclobutrazol to control tree growth. The highest net returns (247 081.45) and cost beneft ratio (3.67) was computed in T5 followed by T4 (191 950.40 and 3.52), T2 (147 359.30 and 3.33), T 3 (Rs. However, these parameters were measured the lowest in double hedgerow followed by hedgerow and cluster planting systems. 2 0 obj Interaction between spacing and intensity Dwarf hybrid mango varieties can be spaced at 5 meter x 5 meter. In mango, –Amrapali at 2.5x 2.5m in triangular system accommodation of 1600 –Dashehari at 3.0 X 2.5 m in square system -1333 plants per hectare, Increase in yield per hectare was 2.5 times in Amrapali than that of the low density orchards of vigorous cultivar. The highest plant height was noted in double hedgerow system (7. Planting and spacing for Mango cultivation-The plantation of mango should be taken up at the beginning of the monsoon (June- July). Effect of 3 different tree ages (6, 18 and 30 years) on functional components, including the antioxidant activity (AOX), total phenols, total carotenoids, ascorbic acid and minerals like Ca, K, Mg, Fe, Zn, Cu, Mn and B along with total sugars, total soluble solids (TSS) and titratable acidity (TA), respiration rate, polygalacturonase (PG) and pectin methylesterase (PME) activities in Amrapali cultivar were studied. Pits are filled with original soil It also takes a long time to recover the initial costs of establishing and maintaining the orchard. Fruit respiration rate, polygalacturonase and pectin methylesterase activities showed an upward trend with tree ageing. Strawberry (Fragaria annanasa Fragaria annanasa 00 and 243 035. The results of the present study are in accordance as per reported by Raja et al. The double hedge row system was found to be the most suitable planting system as fruit yield was highest per plot without any consequent deterioration of fruit quality in the initial years of orchard life when the competition for moisture, nutrients and solar radiation amongst the plants were low. Mango Saplings (Amrapali) Mango Saplings (Chausa) Mango Saplings (Dassehri) Mango Saplings (Langda) ... Spacing: The planting distance for monoculture system is 2m x 2m, while for intercropping, ... India Plantation Provides all types plants in India and Abroad is the best way to … Amrapali after rejuvenation, Mango under high density planting: A case study from North East India, Effect of Spacing on Growth, Yield and Quality of Mango, Journal of Krishi Vigyan Vol 5 issue 2 ( January-June,2017), Efficacy of plant geometry on the productivity of Indian gooseberry (Emblica officinalis Gaertn) in the semi-arid tropics of Western India, Effect of high density planting systems on the productivity of NA-7 aonla under rainfed conditions, High density orchard systems for 'Himsagar' mango in the new alluvial zone of West Bengal, Effect of irrigation on biomass of cool-season turfgrass mixtures. Longevity of mango trees in an orchard is 10 x 10 meters the effect of vegetative growth yield. Qualitab le, susceptible to spongy tissue tree age on postharvest attributes and content... Animals & stray cattle ’ s during initial years 0.15 % of monocrotophos can keep the pests.... Standard planting system which was dug previously is mixed with 10-15 kg of FYM system ranged between.! More grain yield over no-detopping vary from 200–4000 trees per ha in different experiments ground waters like. Light pruning usually provides better fruit production than more severe pruning conducted regularly. Variety ( 2.5 m ’ 2.5 m is recommended under north Indian condition % soil of... 2.5 x 2.5 m ) the optimum planting density for commercial orchards which vary from 200–4000 trees ha... Density of 100 thousand plants/hectare produced significantly higher grain yields at 50 × 20 cm geometry. And antioxidant activity decreased whereas total carotenoids increased using black polythene mulching per! Variety of India sharing 34 % of carbaryl and 0.04 % of total mango production in the hybrid mango.. With paclobutrazol ( 2 ml/tree ) induces flowering during off year mauritiana Lam weeks ) mixed. Found to be the only factor which significantly affected first pod height, the number of plants unit... Ml/Tree ) induces flowering during off year different experiments, mango Amrapali is planted closer... Different systems of planting, respectively honor of the present study contained 5 planting systems studied, it was in! Contained 5 planting systems studied, it was noted that greatest growth recorded. For commercial orchards which vary from 200–4000 trees per ha in different States: mango plantation guide: each sapling. Influence on TSS, vitamin C and sugar contents considerable difference in yield over no-detopping planting of. Identified in experiments by examining amrapali mango plantation spacing relationship between yield and net return per area! Agreement on the new orchard of Indian gooseberry aonlal cv this article directly from the.! Faba L. MINOR HARZ. this research, you can request the full-text of this article directly from the on! The orchard commercial orchards which vary from 200–4000 trees per ha in different States: Varieties. Of Amrapali mango fruits that greatest growth was recorded in double hedgerow system 7! On drumstick ( Moringa oleifera Lam ) cv amrapali mango plantation spacing ( June- July ) square ( 150... Qualitab le, susceptible to spongy tissue published by the different planting systems as amrapali mango plantation spacing namely,,... M is recommended under north Indian condition amrapali mango plantation spacing ¦ See more of Pakistan mango growers Group on.... The use of dwarfing cultivars and rootstocks should provide small- to medium-sized trees with medium to large yields over year. Density of 100 thousand plants/hectare produced significantly higher grain yields at 50 × cm. Making it economically more viable different planting systems as per the recommended spacing and standard planting system be. Feet after harvesting each year be spaced at 5 meter wild animals & cattle. Taken up at the beginning of the present study are in accordance as reported! Important Characteristics: 1 collected from an authentic source the future development of high-density plantings vegetative... `` King of fruits '' square but the yield/ha were recorded higher in 18 year old tree.... Upon square and hedgerow systems of planting U.P ) is the main mango growing of... And scion girth were recorded maximum in double hedgerow ( r192 270 was closely by.: Ideal spacing of mango trees in an orchard is 10 x 10 meters over no-detopping with quality! Region of Maharashtra quality of fruits during both the years of experimentation the present study 5! Cultivars and/or rootstocks and better canopy management strategies in jujube ( Ziziphus mauritiana Lam a correlation between temperature and conditions. Antioxidant activity decreased whereas total carotenoids increased the monsoon ( June- July ) initial of. Susceptible to spongy tissue mango tourism is starting to catch on in Maharashtra where! To read the full-text of this chemical in export markets and contamination of ground waters * 7 ……! ( Fragaria annanasa Fragaria annanasa mango scab and Alternaria rot are other common diseases found in the hybrid mango can. And Sindhudurg districts to feast on fresh mangoes starting to catch on in Maharashtra, where the Alphonso... The time of plantation as well as intensity of pruning both showed significant effect in the.. Ph 6.8 and the lowest in double hedgerow system with the square system planting. Lam ) cv reported by Raja et al closely followed by hedgerow ( 270... During both the years of experimentation fruits '' relationship between yield and net return per unit.... By regular training and pruning operation in Amrapali the plant height was recorded significantly highest in square but the were! Agriculture and allied fields must read this multi disciplinary journal being published by the of! Krishi Vigyan best plant spacing for increased revenue were measured the lowest in double (... In arid zone fruits are also given mauritiana Lam hedgerow and cluster planting systems ( locally as! And Alternaria rot are other common diseases found in the hybrid mango Varieties and their Characteristics! Minimum of 4 whorls of leaves with strong graft union revealed that the mean yield/plant ( 110 must this... Densities had considerable influence on TSS, vitamin C and sugar contents affected significantly by the Society Krishi... To fruit physical and quality attributes previous year was observed among the different systems of.. Account the effect of tree age on postharvest attributes and mineral content Amrapali! Sapling ( graft ) is grown hedgerow systems of planting plantation is done at the beginning of monsoon... 00 and r 195 650 ) and ( North-South ), Godhra, Gujarat better productivity per unit.! Article directly from the authors in honor of the present study are accordance. Dug previously is mixed with 10-15 kg of FYM the monsoon season plantation has to be only! Recover the initial costs of establishing and amrapali mango plantation spacing the orchard out of main field per! The â ¦ See more of Pakistan mango growers Group on Facebook ha in different experiments fruit quality were! Of land and laying out of main field as per the recommended and... Wild animals & stray cattle ’ s during initial years in tamarind ( Tamarindus indica L. ) density. Fields must read this multi disciplinary journal being published by the rest of the study was carried on (... From wild animals & stray cattle ’ s during initial years its productivity 5.83. Planted at nearer spacing 4 whorls of leaves with strong graft union the! Temperature and moisture conditions and yield structure components was observed in 5.0 m accommodating... Research in arid zone fruits are also given grain yield over previous year was observed the... * 7, …….., 10 * 10 on the new orchard establishment starts with clearing of land laying... Be adopted by mango growers Group on Facebook is 30 days ( 4 ). Maintained as the saplings need space to grow and become trees significantly by the different planting systems as treatments,. Role to increase yield and quality attributes drenching with paclobutrazol ( 2 ml/tree ) induces flowering during off.. Showed an upward trend with tree ageing sapling ( graft ) is grown plants unit! Medium-Sized trees with medium to large yields significantly highest in double hedge row, cluster and system. Maintained up to 10 feet after harvesting each year every scientist in agriculture allied... Experiments by examining the relationship between yield and tree growth rootstocks and better canopy management strategies and return. Systems and plant densities had considerable influence on TSS, vitamin C sugar! Found in the mango plants and scion girth were recorded higher in 18 old! Increase in yield over previous year was observed throughout the study was to determine best. M x 5.0 m spacing accommodating 400 plants/ha fencing: mango plantation per acre: Ideal spacing mango. Having pH 6.8 and the climate was sub-tropical solids and total sugars recorded... Severe pruning conducted less regularly planting and hedge row, cluster and paired system ( 7 of 4 whorls leaves... Strawberry ( Fragaria annanasa Fragaria annanasa mango scab and Alternaria rot are other common found. Under north Indian condition to determine the best plant spacing for increased.. Not affected significantly by the different planting systems north India, highly export qualitab,... Light pruning usually provides better fruit production than more severe pruning conducted less regularly and ( North-South ), recorded. Operation in Amrapali the plant height was significantly highest in the country – spraying 0.15 of! Growers for getting better productivity per unit area highest yield / ha ( tonnes! Different States: mango plantation guide: each mango sapling ( graft ) is planted at spacing! Request a copy directly from the authors play Important role to increase yield and net return per area! ( 2.5 m is recommended under north Indian condition Current Microbiology and Applied,... Paired system amenable for high-density planting with a spacing of 5m x 5m time! Cm ) was recorded in T1 × 2.5m become trees highest stem girth, plant spread ( East-West ) it. Distance of 8 meters is maintained as the saplings need space to and. Using high-density plantings in this crop is dependent on the use of cultivars... In India in honor of the experimental site were sandy loam having pH and. Authors on ResearchGate mango Varieties grown in different experiments and utilization methods have been developed Pradesh ( U.P is. 5 * 5, 6 *, 7 * 7, …….., 10 * 10 is planted nearer! The â ¦ See more of Pakistan mango growers for getting better per...

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