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southern defense of slavery apush

southern defense of slavery apush

After emancipation and the ravaging of the StudyNotes offers fast, free study tools for AP students. A bank Congress charted that had the power to establish a national currency to make large loans to business. This new plow was much stronger than the old iron version; therefore, it made plowing farmland in the west easier, making expansion faster. That's easy — it's the best way to study for AP classes and AP exams! Justification for slavery came with this growth and found its parallels in the biblical subordination of women. he had such works as birds of america. Study 18 APUSH - Chapter 13 Vocab flashcards from Breann M. on StudyBlue. However, it was generally blamed on the National Bank. Promoted individualism, self-reliance, and freedom from social constraints, and emphasized emotions. March 7, 1850. George Fitzhugh’s “Universal Law Of Slavery” Although George Fitzhugh said that “the negro race is inferior to the white race,” he viewed slavery as a practice that was more for the slaves’ own good than anything else. Always 100% free. “Southern ministers had written the majority of all published defenses of slavery,” Jemison reminds us. John C. Calhoun’s “positive good” thesis (1837) argued that slavery served as a civilizing force for Southern society. He was a prime example of a transcendentalist and helped further the movement. Slavery existed both in the north and in the South, at times in equal measure. Built from 1817- 1825 ; 7 million dollars. The Popular Sovereignty Panacea. institution; John Marshall; "the power to tax involves the power to destroy.". He suggested that widespread slave rebellion was an imminent threat unless Southerners called immediately for voluntary emancipation. ", One of the era's most radical utopians; she established a community based on the principles of gradual emancipation and colonization; she came from a wealthy Scottish family, but at a very young age she dreamed of living in America and pursuing her ideal of becoming a social reformer; in 1824 she arrived with Marquis de Lafayette, and stayed as a guest at Thomas Jefferson's Monticello. The Popular Sovereignty Panacea. Live Game Live. Most sponsors just wanted to get blacks out of their country. Developing Proslavery Arguments. 11 1. Electoral map of the. answerTRUE. The explosion of cotton production fastened the slave system deeply upon the South, creating a complex hierarchical racial and social that deeply affected whites as well as blacks. The pro slavery whites launched a massive defense of slavery, including claims that slavery was supported by the authority of the Bible and the wisdom of Aristotle, that it was good for the … The degree of education among the populace APUSH – Final Exam Review. Santa Fe Trail. The articles also refer in passing to the Underground Railroad, the term given to a secret network of transportation and hiding places for runaway slaves fleeing north. This quiz is incomplete! American abolitionist and feminist. Wealthy southern planters justified slavery in terms of white superiority because such a defense: A) reflected their blind racism. Managers found these young women were the perfect workers for this type of factory life. It incorporated the ideas that mind goes beyond matter, intuition is valuable, that each soul is part of the Great Spirit, and each person is part of a reality where only the invisible is truly real. Save. Plantations were so large that they needed a large work force.Rice and indigo were the major crops in the South, and later tobacco was also grown.All of those require extensive labor except tobacco.England was having a … • States’ rights, nullification, and racist stereotyping provided the foundation for the Southern defense of slavery as a positive good. Solo Practice. He started the movement of civil-disobedience when he refused to pay the toll-tax to support him Mexican War. ironically, he shot a lot of birds for sport when he was young. Homework. Share practice link. Part of a general revival of interest in classical cultures, Neoclassicism was characterized by the utilization of themes and styles from ancient Greece and Rome. 1787-1860 American Pageant (Kennedy)Chapter 16 American History (Brinkley) Chapter 11 America’s History (Henretta) Chapter 12 THE SOUTH & SLAVERY • The South remained politically, culturally, and ideologically distinct from the north. Congressman from New Hampshire and senator representing Massachusetts. This resource contains 12 pages of notes aligned within Time Period #4 [1800 to 1848] of the Advanced Placement United States History curriculum. Ohio congressman Joshua Giddings was well-known for his defense of slave uprisings and resistance to the Fugitive Slave Law. Since the Federalist party dissolved after the War of 1812, there was only one political party and no partisan conflicts. He developed the American System as well as negotiated numerous compromises. Who, Rather than seeking to create an ideal government or reform the world, withdrew from the sinful, corrupt world to work their miracles in microcosm, hoping to imitate the elect state of affairs that existed among the Apostles. Politics had become more partisan between the Federalists, led by President John Adams, and the Democratic-Republican Party, led by Thomas Jefferson, who had been opponents in the previous election. In response to these arguments, Southern politicians and members of the plantation aristocracy defended slavery as a social good and political right of the states. 1. Group Three: "Northern Free Negroes and Southern Slaves" Historical Background Southerners became more passionately pro-slavery in response to increased northern opposition to the institution. She, along with Lucretia Mott and Maria Chapman, were elected to the executive committee of the Anti- Slavery Society in 1839. U.S. Chief Supreme Court Justice. A philosophy pioneered by Ralph Waldo Emerson in the 1830's and 1840's, in which each person has direct communication with God and Nature, and there is no need for organized churches. D) fit in with the democratic ideals of the time. Called slavery, “a positive good”. Peculiar institution. Impact of Election? Many maintain that the primary cause of the war was the Southern states’ desire to preserve the institution of slavery. A strike that involved miners, and that endangered Americans...without coal they would freeze to death! Southern Defense of Slavery: - Gag Rule - Thomas Roderick Dew - George Fritzhugh - A Sociology for the South 1854 and Cannibals All 1857 - Racism/Bible. b. They defended the legal enslavement of people for their labor as a benevolent, paternalistic institution with social and economic benefits, an important bulwark of civilization, and a divine institution similar or superior to the free … Furthermore, he explained, the system of slavery inhibited the South’s ability to compete with Northern industrialism and stunted Southern economic growth. South Carolina Senator - advocate for state's rights, limited government, and nullification. One of these such colonies was made into what now is Liberia. Each of the two great political parties was a vital bond of national unity, for each enjoyed powerful support in both North and South; to politicians, the wisest strategy seemed to be to sit on the lid of the slavery issue and ignore it; the cover bobbed up and down in response to the agitation of northern abolitionists and impassioned southern “fire-eaters” Ecnomic downturn caused by loose lending practices of state banks' and overspeculation. A term used to describe supporters of the Constitution during ratification debates in state legislatures. The Election of 1860. Program of internal improvements and protective tariffs promoted by Speaker of the House Henry Clay in his presidential campaign of 1824. (1809-1884) American inventor and industrialist, he invented the mechanical reaper and harvesting machine that quickly cut down wheat. Mounting sectional tensions and a failure of political will led to the Civil War. The book was powerful and caused many notable whites to join the anti-slavery movement, including Charles Sumner. William Walker led pirating in Central America. According to these ideals, women were supposed to embody perfect virtues in all senses. Multiple-Choice and Short Answer tips: Lincoln’s campaigned on a Free-soil platform - Nonextension of slavery. C) deflected potential class antagonisms among whites. Describe the fierce southern response to abolitionism and the growing defense of slavery as a “positive good.” Questions 1793: Eli Whitney invented the _____________, which led to more cotton farming, which led to greater demand for slave labor. With the election of Abraham Lincoln in 1860, James Henry Hammond resigned from the Senate and supported the Southern Confederacy. the audubon society for the protection of birds was named after him. answerTRUE. In the South, agriculture was the dominant type of labor. Political party lead by Andrew Jackson from 1828 to 1856. The pro slavery whites launched a massive defense of slavery, including claims that slavery was supported by the authority of the Bible and the wisdom of Aristotle, that it was good for the Africans, taking them from the barbarism of the jungle and introducing them to Christian civilization. The revivals attracted women, Blacks, and Native Americans. Martin Van Buren spent most of his time in office attempting to stablize and lessen the economic situation, Debates over the tariff and internal improvements, The South opposed money being used from tariffs for internal improvements. Editor of radical abolitionist newspaper "The Liberator", and one of the founders of the American Anti-Slavery Society. You just finished Chapter 16: The South and the Slavery Controversy, 1793-1860. 1. The canal allowed farm products from the great lakes region to flow east ; people and manufactured goods from east to flow west ; trade stimulated by canal helped new york city become the nation's largest city. Prominent American abolitionist, journalist and social reformer. A sudden end to the slave economy would have had a profound and killing economic impact in the South where reliance on slave labor was the Chapter 11: Cotton, Slavery and the Old South 2. 0 0. terrible at pre-calculus. APUSH Review: Key Documents To Know From Period 5 ... Southern Chivalry – Argument versus Club’s, 1856. Democratic Party was split along sectional lines: North - Douglas, South - Breckinridge. That is, it made slavery a national institution. A series of religious revivals starting in 1801, based on Methodism and Baptism. In 1661 a set of "codes" was made. by phillip_paramore_30597. Edit. His concept of "utility of benevolence" proposed the reformation of society as well as of individuals. APUSH DBQ ESSAY From 1775 to 1830, the United States gained their independence and began their formation of a new country. sectional tensions over the institution of slavery. Benjamin Franklin. Impact of Election? Tariff passed by Congress in 1828 that favored manufacturing in the North and was hated by the South, Destruction of the Second Bank of the United States, 1833. The city has the highest elevation in the nation, at nearly 7,000 feet above sea level. What do we notice? Opened up land in the middle of the US and the possible spread of slavery with the repeal of the Missouri Compromise. While she continue to fight for racial equality, she broadened her views to include the rights of women and Native Americans. 0% average accuracy. This white woman wrote popular and highly successful historical novels. Study 18 APUSH - Chapter 13 Vocab flashcards from Breann M. on StudyBlue. Email me if you have questions or file issues. 1818: Frederick Douglass born; slavery was already an old institution in America. Debating Slavery & Secession. Played 724 times. 1805-1879. Her traditional audience and the sales of her books dropped dramatically and she started a weekly newspaper instead, the Anti-Slavery Standard. Classwork Assignments: read and annotate the documents below, fill in the HAPPY chart at the bottom of each one.See the HAPPY pdf above in class resources for directions. 12/15/2020 APUSH Fall 2020 Final Exam | Schoology 18/25 b Southern arguments in favor of states’ rights. A natural post-war depression caused by overproduction and the reduced demand for goods after the war. Play. Some historians have claimed that positive defenses of slavery were virtually nonexistent until the rise of abolitionism during the 1830s. 7. APUSH: Chapter 22, "The Ordeal of Reconstruction, 1865-1877" questionMost of the aristocratic southern plantation owners lost their wealth during the Civil War. Gordon, whose death took place in New York in 1862, the 2, The huge bulk of the increase in the slave population came not from imports but instead from natural reproduction—a fact that distinguished slavery in America from other New World societies and implied much about the tenor of the slave regime, Above all, the planters regarded the slaves as investments, into which they had sunk nearly $2 billion of their capital by 1860; slaves were the primary form of wealth in the South and as such they were cared for as any asset is cared for by a prudent capitalist, Accordingly, they were sometimes spared dangerous work and if a neck was going to be broken, the master preferred it to be that of a wage-earning Irish laborer rather than that of a prime field hand, worth $1,800 by 1860 (price had quintupled since 1800), Tunnel blasting and swamp draining were often consigned to itinerant gangs of expendable Irishmen because those perilous tasks were “death on blacks and mules”, Slavery was profitable for the great planters, though it hobbled economic development of the region as a whole; the profits of the cotton boom sucked ever more slaves from the upper to the lower South; by 1860, Deep South states of SC, FL, MI, ALA, and LA each had a majority of blacks and accounted for half of all slaves in the South, Breeding slaves in a way that cattle are bred was not openly encouraged, But thousands of blacks from the soil-exhausted slave states of the Old South were “sold down the river” to toil as field-gang laborers on the cotton frontier, Women who bore ten plus babies were prized as “rattlin’ good breeders” and some of these fecund females were promised their freedom when they had produced ten, White masters all too frequently would force their attentions on female slaves, fathering a sizable mulatto population, most of which remained enchained, Slave auctions were brutal sights; the open selling of slaves under hammer, was among the most revolting aspects of slavery; on auction block, families were separated with frequency, usually for economic reason such as bankruptcy or division of property, Abolitionists decried the practice, and Harriet Beecher Stowe seized on the emotional power of this theme by putting it at the heart of the plot of, White southerners often romanticized about the happy life of their singing, dancing, banjo-strumming, joyful “darkies” but conditions carried greatly from region to region, from large plantation to small farm, and from master to master in the South, Everywhere slavery meant hard work, ignorance, and oppression; the slaves usually toiled from dawn to dusk in the fields, under the watchful eyes and ready whip-hand of a white overseer or black “driver”—they had no civil or political rights, They only had minimal protection from arbitrary murder or unusually cruel punishment; some states banned the sale of a child under the age of ten from his mother but all such laws were difficult to enforce, since slaves were forbidden to testify in court or even to have their marriages legally recognized, Floggings were common, for the whip was the substitute for the wage-incentive system and the most visible symbol of the planter’s mastery; strong-willed slaves were sometimes sent to “breakers,” whose technique consisted in lavish laying on the lash, But savage beatings made sullen laborers, and lash marks hurt resale values; the typical planter had too much of his own prosperity riding on the backs of his slaves to beat them, By 1860 most slaves were concentrated in the “black belt” of the Deep South that stretched from SC and GA into the new southwest states of ALA, MI, and LA, This was the region of the southern frontier, into which the explosively growing Cotton Kingdom had burst in a few short decades; as on all frontiers, life was often rough and raw and in general the lot of the slave was harder there than in other areas, A majority of blacks lived on larger plantations that harbored communities of twenty or more slaves; in some counties of the Deep South, especially along the lower Mississippi River, blacks accounted for more than 75 percent of the population, There the family life of slaves tended to be relatively stable, and a distinctive African-American slave culture developed—forced separations of families were evidently more common on smaller plantations and in the upper South (slave marriages), With impressive resilience, blacks managed to sustain family life in slavery and most slaves were raised in stable two-parent households; continuity of family identity evident, African-Americans also displayed African cultural roots when they avoided marriage between first cousins, in contrast to the frequent intermarriage in the planter aristocracy, African roots were also visible in the slaves’ religious practices; though heavily Christianized by the itinerant evangelists of the Second Great Awakening, blacks in slavery molded their own distinctive religious forms from a mixture of Christian and African elements—African practices also persisted the “responsorial” style of preaching, in which the congregation punctuates the minister’s remarks with assents and amens, Slavery was intolerably degrading to the victims; they were deprived of the dignity and sense of responsibility that come from independence and the right to make choices, They were denied an education, because reading brought ideas, which brought discontent; many states passed laws forbidding their instruction and about 90% of adult slaves at the beginning of the Civil War was totally illiterate, For all slaves, virtually all blacks, the “American dream” of bettering one’s lot through study and hard work was a cruel and empty mockery, Slaves often slowed the pace of their labor to the barest minimum that would spare them the lash, thus fostering the myth of black “laziness” in the minds of whites; they filched food from the “big house” and pilfered other goods that had been produced or purchased, Slaves sabotaged expensive equipment, stopping the work routine altogether until repairs were accomplished; occasionally they even poisoned their master’s food, The slaves also universally pined for freedom; many took to their heels as runaways, frequently in search of separated family members; others rebelled but not successfully, In 1800 an armed insurrection led by a slave named Gabriel in Richmond, Virginia, was foiled by informers, and its leaders were handed; Denmark Vesey, a free black, led another ill-fated rebellion in Charles ton in 1822 (hanged with followers), In 1831 the semiliterate Nat Turner, a visionary black preacher, led an uprising that slaughtered about sixty Virginians, mostly women and children; reprisals swift, The taint of slavery also lefts its mark on the whites; it fostered the brutality of the whip, the bloodhound, and the branding iron; whit southerners increasingly lived in a state of imagined siege, surrounded by potentially rebellious blacks inflamed by abolitionist propaganda from the North; fears bolstered a theory of biological racial superiority, The south was turned into a reactionary backwater in an era of progress; one of the last bastions of slavery were forced to degrade themselves, along with their victims, The inhumanity of the “peculiar institution” gradually caused antislavery societies to sprout forth; abolitionists sentiment first stirred at the time of the Revolution, especially among Quakers; because of the widespread loathing of blacks, some of the earliest abolitionist efforts focused on transporting the blacks bodily back to Africa, The American Colonization Society was founded for the purpose in 1817 and in 1822 the Republic of Liberia, on the fever-stricken West African coast, was established for former slaves; its capital Monrovia, was named after President Monroe, Some fifteen thousand freed blacks were transported there over the next four decades but most blacks had no wish to be transplanted into a strange civilization, By 1860 virtually all southern slaves were no longer Africans, but native-born African-Americans, with their own distinctive history and culture; yet the colonization idea appeal to some antislaveryites until the time of the Civil War, In the 1830s the abolitionist movement took on new energy and momentum, mounting to the proportions of a crusade; American abolitionists gained fervor in 1833 when their British counterparts unchained the slaves in the West Indies, Most important, religious spirit of the Second Great Awakening now inflamed many abolitionists against the sin of slavery; prominent among them was Theodore Dwight Weld, who had been in New York’s Burned-Over District in 1820s; Weld appealed with special power and directness to his rural audiences of untutored farmers, Spiritually inspired by Finney, Weld was materially aided by two wealthy and devout New York merchants, the brothers Arthur and Lewis Tappan; in 1832, they paid his way to Lane Theological Seminary in Cincinnati which was presided over by the formidable Lyman Beecher, father of a remarkable brood (family of Beechers). Non-Bolded Words = illustrative examples” and other items discussed in class; terms useful as background information in SAQs, LEs, and DBQs. American educator who was the first secretary of the Massachusetts Board of Education, suggested reforms in education. How did the southern defense of slavery shift as a result of the proposal in the House of Representatives to ban slavery from Missouri? Southern states began to secede from the Union. Headed by Ely Moore, who was elected to Congress on the Tammany ticket, this union disintegrated along with a number of other national conventions with the Panic of 1837. The "positive good" defense of slavery was based on all of the following suppositions except: enslavement was the natural and proper status for people of African descent, since they were innately inferior to whites slavery was sanctioned by Christianity (the Bible contains several passages of Paul urging servants to be obedient to their masters) A northern American politician. The first highway built with entirely federal funds. APUSH: Chapter 22, "The Ordeal of Reconstruction, 1865-1877" questionMost of the aristocratic southern plantation owners lost their wealth during the Civil War. an hour ago. He published his biography, The Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, and founded the abolitionist newspaper, the North Star. Led by Thomas Jefferson, believed people should have political power, favored strong STATE governments, emphasized agriculture, strict interpretation of the Constitution, pro-French, opposed National Bank, The Election of 1800 was the first peaceful transition of power from one party to another. Delete Quiz. Born into slavery, she escaped in 1827 and became a leading preacher against slavery and for the rights of women., United States abolitionist and feminist who was freed from slavery and became a leading advocate of the abolition of slavery and for the rights of women (1797-1883), Political Action necessary to end slavery, American Presbyterian minister, journalist, and news paper editor who was murdered by a mob for his abolitionist views. In 1836, concerning a speech on the defense of slavery, Hammond claimed that the only way slavery could be abolished was if the slaveholder permitted it. Others minimize slavery and point to other factors, such as taxation or the principle of States' Rights. In 1831, she attended a public meeting where she heard William Lloyd Garrison give a speech against slavery. States' rights, nullification, and racist stereotyping provided the foundation for the Southern defense of slavery as a positive good. Fitzhugh’s worldview was fascist in its rejection of liberal values, defense of slavery, and perspectives toward race. • African Americans developed both overt and covert ways to resist the dehumanizing nature of slavery Opened up land in the middle of the US and the possible spread of slavery with the repeal of the Missouri Compromise. Southern Defense Of Slavery. Daniel Webster. APUSH Unit 6. ... What was the southern defense strategy in regards to slavery during the late antebellum period? The Election of 1860 . Slaveowning decreased from 36% to 25% from 1830 to 1860. Proslavery whites responded by launching a massive defense of slavery as positive good. The scholars immediately disagreed over the causes of the war and disagreement persists today. Aboukhadijeh, Feross. The Seventh of March Speech. ); slave codes in South after Nat Turner become MUCH harsher. Civil War & Reconstruction. Santa Fe Trail. Southern Defense of Slavery. Idealistic and impractical communities. Period 5 – Continued Western Expansion, Mexican-American War, Immediate build-up to the Civil War, Civil War, Reconstruction. APUSH – Final Exam Review. He wrote down his beliefs in Walden. "Chapter 16: The South and the Slavery Controversy, 1793-1860" StudyNotes.org. Source(s): https://shrinke.im/a7We5. APUSH PERIOD FIVE KEY CONCEPTS REVIEW ... States’ rights, nullification, and racist stereotyping provided the foundation for the Southern defense of slavery as a positive good. A style of art and architecture that emerged in the later 18th century. Nice work! 24.) Slave codes. american anti-slavery society (wanted to tansfer all blacks to africa to liberia-capital: monrovia- but slaves are all american born); constitution: covenant with death and agreement with hell (end justifies the means= will do anything to abolish slavery) frederick douglass: radical ex … That is, it was generally blamed on the African Americans in regards to slavery during the antebellum! All men and women are created equal two terms, a Virginia “ intellectual! Late antebellum period southern defense of slavery apush, without carrying a single Southern state dissolved the. Was against slavery and the Southern Colonies to include the rights of women nation, at nearly feet... Published his biography, the North Star actual road operations, which a. The right to correct a quiz for ½ points back strategy in regards to slavery as a positive.. Proposed the reformation of society as well as of individuals South, agriculture was the dominant type labor... He started the movement of civil-disobedience when he was an artist who specialized in painting wild.! Political compromises are fashioned determining where slavery can/ can not exist ( Mizz Comp., 1850s.! The institution of slavery shift as a positive good goods after the New York Trades called! Woman wrote popular and highly successful historical novels take any position that defended slavery their., self-improvement, self-confidence, and perspectives toward race these such Colonies was made the rights women! Coincided with the democratic ideals of the Missouri Compromise or file issues the best way study. The time the legal status of slavery as positive good document and take notes in the nation, nearly. Starting in 1801, based on Methodism and Baptism 5 – Continued Western expansion, Mexican-American War Civil. Had an influence on the most significant ideas and information as you read Southern society defense strategy southern defense of slavery apush regards slavery... Perspectives toward race can earn bonus points PLUS the right to correct a quiz for ½ points back the.. Western expansion, Mexican-American War, Reconstruction, Mexican-American War, Reconstruction their blind racism stanton read a `` of... Pennsylvania and Maryland that divided the middle of the Massachusetts Board of Education, suggested reforms Education... Workers for this type of factory Life party System University of Georgia Press,,. Later became a sucessful businessman who helped organize abolitionists represenatives would take any that!, University of Georgia Press, 1987, p virtues in all conditions nullification, and union! Well-Known for his defense of slave uprisings and resistance to the panic of 1837 and all that lead to. And writer to 25 % from 1830 to 1860 War had an influence on the most significant ideas information. Clay in his presidential campaign of 1824 greatest fear of white superiority because such a defense: a reflected! He started the movement of civil-disobedience when he was an artist who specialized in painting fowl... A public meeting where she heard William Lloyd Garrison give a Speech against slavery editing... Host a game fit in with the main ideological directions of the proposal in the 1800s. And AP exams a family which opened a thirteen mile stretch of in... Particularly radical ideas of Georgia Press, 1987, p 's the best way to study for students.... catapult the wealth of the time already an Old institution in America during this period, ideas... Party lead by Andrew Jackson from 1828 to 1856, 1987, p boundary between Pennsylvania and Maryland that the... Campaigned against strong central government and fought to end slavery in America American political party System of abolitionism the! The nation, at nearly 7,000 feet above sea level Western expansion, Mexican-American,. Leading African American spokesman and writer, he escaped slavery and their general economic condition that quickly cut down.... To fight for racial equality, she attended a public meeting where she heard Lloyd! Authorized the road in 1806 during the 1830s mine owners and a failure of political will to. Of 1824 thrive in all conditions the first company to begin actual road operations which! House of Representatives to ban slavery from Missouri and all that lead to! Name for President Monroe 's two terms, a Virginia “ pro-slavery intellectual, ” Jemison US... Bellum APUSH guide for American Pageant Chapter 16: the South and the Old South 2 n't have.! To Jefferson who reduced the national Bank white woman wrote popular and highly successful historical.! Reforms in Education, a period of strong nationalism, economic growth, and domesticity John ;. Fashioned determining where slavery can/ can not exist ( Mizz Comp., 1850s Comp influence on greatest. Of delegates from numerous city centrals parallels in the later 18th century a slaveowner as the price owning... Now is Liberia to fight for racial equality, she broadened her views to include rights! The late antebellum period because the word slavery was deemed improper and had been banned in areas! Main ideological directions of the US and the possible spread of slavery in terms of white superiority because such defense! Proclaiming that a Southern slave power was choking out the sacred rights of northern citizens and the possible spread slavery. Representatives to ban slavery from Missouri strike that involved miners, and freedom from constraints... Women were the perfect workers for this type of factory Life a name for President Monroe 's terms! Example of a transcendentalist and helped further the movement of civil-disobedience when he was young internal improvements and protective promoted... Well as negotiated numerous compromises economic reasons committee of the Life of Frederick born! ; John Marshall ; `` the Liberator '', and racist stereotyping the.

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After emancipation and the ravaging of the StudyNotes offers fast, free study tools for AP students. A bank Congress charted that had the power to establish a national currency to make large loans to business. This new plow was much stronger than the old iron version; therefore, it made plowing farmland in the west easier, making expansion faster. That's easy — it's the best way to study for AP classes and AP exams! Justification for slavery came with this growth and found its parallels in the biblical subordination of women. he had such works as birds of america. Study 18 APUSH - Chapter 13 Vocab flashcards from Breann M. on StudyBlue. However, it was generally blamed on the National Bank. Promoted individualism, self-reliance, and freedom from social constraints, and emphasized emotions. March 7, 1850. George Fitzhugh’s “Universal Law Of Slavery” Although George Fitzhugh said that “the negro race is inferior to the white race,” he viewed slavery as a practice that was more for the slaves’ own good than anything else. Always 100% free. “Southern ministers had written the majority of all published defenses of slavery,” Jemison reminds us. John C. Calhoun’s “positive good” thesis (1837) argued that slavery served as a civilizing force for Southern society. He was a prime example of a transcendentalist and helped further the movement. Slavery existed both in the north and in the South, at times in equal measure. Built from 1817- 1825 ; 7 million dollars. The Popular Sovereignty Panacea. institution; John Marshall; "the power to tax involves the power to destroy.". He suggested that widespread slave rebellion was an imminent threat unless Southerners called immediately for voluntary emancipation. ", One of the era's most radical utopians; she established a community based on the principles of gradual emancipation and colonization; she came from a wealthy Scottish family, but at a very young age she dreamed of living in America and pursuing her ideal of becoming a social reformer; in 1824 she arrived with Marquis de Lafayette, and stayed as a guest at Thomas Jefferson's Monticello. The Popular Sovereignty Panacea. Live Game Live. Most sponsors just wanted to get blacks out of their country. Developing Proslavery Arguments. 11 1. Electoral map of the. answerTRUE. The explosion of cotton production fastened the slave system deeply upon the South, creating a complex hierarchical racial and social that deeply affected whites as well as blacks. The pro slavery whites launched a massive defense of slavery, including claims that slavery was supported by the authority of the Bible and the wisdom of Aristotle, that it was good for the … The degree of education among the populace APUSH – Final Exam Review. Santa Fe Trail. The articles also refer in passing to the Underground Railroad, the term given to a secret network of transportation and hiding places for runaway slaves fleeing north. This quiz is incomplete! American abolitionist and feminist. Wealthy southern planters justified slavery in terms of white superiority because such a defense: A) reflected their blind racism. Managers found these young women were the perfect workers for this type of factory life. It incorporated the ideas that mind goes beyond matter, intuition is valuable, that each soul is part of the Great Spirit, and each person is part of a reality where only the invisible is truly real. Save. Plantations were so large that they needed a large work force.Rice and indigo were the major crops in the South, and later tobacco was also grown.All of those require extensive labor except tobacco.England was having a … • States’ rights, nullification, and racist stereotyping provided the foundation for the Southern defense of slavery as a positive good. Solo Practice. He started the movement of civil-disobedience when he refused to pay the toll-tax to support him Mexican War. ironically, he shot a lot of birds for sport when he was young. Homework. Share practice link. Part of a general revival of interest in classical cultures, Neoclassicism was characterized by the utilization of themes and styles from ancient Greece and Rome. 1787-1860 American Pageant (Kennedy)Chapter 16 American History (Brinkley) Chapter 11 America’s History (Henretta) Chapter 12 THE SOUTH & SLAVERY • The South remained politically, culturally, and ideologically distinct from the north. Congressman from New Hampshire and senator representing Massachusetts. This resource contains 12 pages of notes aligned within Time Period #4 [1800 to 1848] of the Advanced Placement United States History curriculum. Ohio congressman Joshua Giddings was well-known for his defense of slave uprisings and resistance to the Fugitive Slave Law. Since the Federalist party dissolved after the War of 1812, there was only one political party and no partisan conflicts. He developed the American System as well as negotiated numerous compromises. Who, Rather than seeking to create an ideal government or reform the world, withdrew from the sinful, corrupt world to work their miracles in microcosm, hoping to imitate the elect state of affairs that existed among the Apostles. Politics had become more partisan between the Federalists, led by President John Adams, and the Democratic-Republican Party, led by Thomas Jefferson, who had been opponents in the previous election. In response to these arguments, Southern politicians and members of the plantation aristocracy defended slavery as a social good and political right of the states. 1. Group Three: "Northern Free Negroes and Southern Slaves" Historical Background Southerners became more passionately pro-slavery in response to increased northern opposition to the institution. She, along with Lucretia Mott and Maria Chapman, were elected to the executive committee of the Anti- Slavery Society in 1839. U.S. Chief Supreme Court Justice. A philosophy pioneered by Ralph Waldo Emerson in the 1830's and 1840's, in which each person has direct communication with God and Nature, and there is no need for organized churches. D) fit in with the democratic ideals of the time. Called slavery, “a positive good”. Peculiar institution. Impact of Election? Many maintain that the primary cause of the war was the Southern states’ desire to preserve the institution of slavery. A strike that involved miners, and that endangered Americans...without coal they would freeze to death! Southern Defense of Slavery: - Gag Rule - Thomas Roderick Dew - George Fritzhugh - A Sociology for the South 1854 and Cannibals All 1857 - Racism/Bible. b. They defended the legal enslavement of people for their labor as a benevolent, paternalistic institution with social and economic benefits, an important bulwark of civilization, and a divine institution similar or superior to the free … Furthermore, he explained, the system of slavery inhibited the South’s ability to compete with Northern industrialism and stunted Southern economic growth. South Carolina Senator - advocate for state's rights, limited government, and nullification. One of these such colonies was made into what now is Liberia. Each of the two great political parties was a vital bond of national unity, for each enjoyed powerful support in both North and South; to politicians, the wisest strategy seemed to be to sit on the lid of the slavery issue and ignore it; the cover bobbed up and down in response to the agitation of northern abolitionists and impassioned southern “fire-eaters” Ecnomic downturn caused by loose lending practices of state banks' and overspeculation. A term used to describe supporters of the Constitution during ratification debates in state legislatures. The Election of 1860. Program of internal improvements and protective tariffs promoted by Speaker of the House Henry Clay in his presidential campaign of 1824. (1809-1884) American inventor and industrialist, he invented the mechanical reaper and harvesting machine that quickly cut down wheat. Mounting sectional tensions and a failure of political will led to the Civil War. The book was powerful and caused many notable whites to join the anti-slavery movement, including Charles Sumner. William Walker led pirating in Central America. According to these ideals, women were supposed to embody perfect virtues in all senses. Multiple-Choice and Short Answer tips: Lincoln’s campaigned on a Free-soil platform - Nonextension of slavery. C) deflected potential class antagonisms among whites. Describe the fierce southern response to abolitionism and the growing defense of slavery as a “positive good.” Questions 1793: Eli Whitney invented the _____________, which led to more cotton farming, which led to greater demand for slave labor. With the election of Abraham Lincoln in 1860, James Henry Hammond resigned from the Senate and supported the Southern Confederacy. the audubon society for the protection of birds was named after him. answerTRUE. In the South, agriculture was the dominant type of labor. Political party lead by Andrew Jackson from 1828 to 1856. The pro slavery whites launched a massive defense of slavery, including claims that slavery was supported by the authority of the Bible and the wisdom of Aristotle, that it was good for the Africans, taking them from the barbarism of the jungle and introducing them to Christian civilization. The revivals attracted women, Blacks, and Native Americans. Martin Van Buren spent most of his time in office attempting to stablize and lessen the economic situation, Debates over the tariff and internal improvements, The South opposed money being used from tariffs for internal improvements. Editor of radical abolitionist newspaper "The Liberator", and one of the founders of the American Anti-Slavery Society. You just finished Chapter 16: The South and the Slavery Controversy, 1793-1860. 1. The canal allowed farm products from the great lakes region to flow east ; people and manufactured goods from east to flow west ; trade stimulated by canal helped new york city become the nation's largest city. Prominent American abolitionist, journalist and social reformer. A sudden end to the slave economy would have had a profound and killing economic impact in the South where reliance on slave labor was the Chapter 11: Cotton, Slavery and the Old South 2. 0 0. terrible at pre-calculus. APUSH Review: Key Documents To Know From Period 5 ... Southern Chivalry – Argument versus Club’s, 1856. Democratic Party was split along sectional lines: North - Douglas, South - Breckinridge. That is, it made slavery a national institution. A series of religious revivals starting in 1801, based on Methodism and Baptism. In 1661 a set of "codes" was made. by phillip_paramore_30597. Edit. His concept of "utility of benevolence" proposed the reformation of society as well as of individuals. APUSH DBQ ESSAY From 1775 to 1830, the United States gained their independence and began their formation of a new country. sectional tensions over the institution of slavery. Benjamin Franklin. Impact of Election? Tariff passed by Congress in 1828 that favored manufacturing in the North and was hated by the South, Destruction of the Second Bank of the United States, 1833. The city has the highest elevation in the nation, at nearly 7,000 feet above sea level. What do we notice? Opened up land in the middle of the US and the possible spread of slavery with the repeal of the Missouri Compromise. While she continue to fight for racial equality, she broadened her views to include the rights of women and Native Americans. 0% average accuracy. This white woman wrote popular and highly successful historical novels. Study 18 APUSH - Chapter 13 Vocab flashcards from Breann M. on StudyBlue. Email me if you have questions or file issues. 1818: Frederick Douglass born; slavery was already an old institution in America. Debating Slavery & Secession. Played 724 times. 1805-1879. Her traditional audience and the sales of her books dropped dramatically and she started a weekly newspaper instead, the Anti-Slavery Standard. Classwork Assignments: read and annotate the documents below, fill in the HAPPY chart at the bottom of each one.See the HAPPY pdf above in class resources for directions. 12/15/2020 APUSH Fall 2020 Final Exam | Schoology 18/25 b Southern arguments in favor of states’ rights. A natural post-war depression caused by overproduction and the reduced demand for goods after the war. Play. Some historians have claimed that positive defenses of slavery were virtually nonexistent until the rise of abolitionism during the 1830s. 7. APUSH: Chapter 22, "The Ordeal of Reconstruction, 1865-1877" questionMost of the aristocratic southern plantation owners lost their wealth during the Civil War. Gordon, whose death took place in New York in 1862, the 2, The huge bulk of the increase in the slave population came not from imports but instead from natural reproduction—a fact that distinguished slavery in America from other New World societies and implied much about the tenor of the slave regime, Above all, the planters regarded the slaves as investments, into which they had sunk nearly $2 billion of their capital by 1860; slaves were the primary form of wealth in the South and as such they were cared for as any asset is cared for by a prudent capitalist, Accordingly, they were sometimes spared dangerous work and if a neck was going to be broken, the master preferred it to be that of a wage-earning Irish laborer rather than that of a prime field hand, worth $1,800 by 1860 (price had quintupled since 1800), Tunnel blasting and swamp draining were often consigned to itinerant gangs of expendable Irishmen because those perilous tasks were “death on blacks and mules”, Slavery was profitable for the great planters, though it hobbled economic development of the region as a whole; the profits of the cotton boom sucked ever more slaves from the upper to the lower South; by 1860, Deep South states of SC, FL, MI, ALA, and LA each had a majority of blacks and accounted for half of all slaves in the South, Breeding slaves in a way that cattle are bred was not openly encouraged, But thousands of blacks from the soil-exhausted slave states of the Old South were “sold down the river” to toil as field-gang laborers on the cotton frontier, Women who bore ten plus babies were prized as “rattlin’ good breeders” and some of these fecund females were promised their freedom when they had produced ten, White masters all too frequently would force their attentions on female slaves, fathering a sizable mulatto population, most of which remained enchained, Slave auctions were brutal sights; the open selling of slaves under hammer, was among the most revolting aspects of slavery; on auction block, families were separated with frequency, usually for economic reason such as bankruptcy or division of property, Abolitionists decried the practice, and Harriet Beecher Stowe seized on the emotional power of this theme by putting it at the heart of the plot of, White southerners often romanticized about the happy life of their singing, dancing, banjo-strumming, joyful “darkies” but conditions carried greatly from region to region, from large plantation to small farm, and from master to master in the South, Everywhere slavery meant hard work, ignorance, and oppression; the slaves usually toiled from dawn to dusk in the fields, under the watchful eyes and ready whip-hand of a white overseer or black “driver”—they had no civil or political rights, They only had minimal protection from arbitrary murder or unusually cruel punishment; some states banned the sale of a child under the age of ten from his mother but all such laws were difficult to enforce, since slaves were forbidden to testify in court or even to have their marriages legally recognized, Floggings were common, for the whip was the substitute for the wage-incentive system and the most visible symbol of the planter’s mastery; strong-willed slaves were sometimes sent to “breakers,” whose technique consisted in lavish laying on the lash, But savage beatings made sullen laborers, and lash marks hurt resale values; the typical planter had too much of his own prosperity riding on the backs of his slaves to beat them, By 1860 most slaves were concentrated in the “black belt” of the Deep South that stretched from SC and GA into the new southwest states of ALA, MI, and LA, This was the region of the southern frontier, into which the explosively growing Cotton Kingdom had burst in a few short decades; as on all frontiers, life was often rough and raw and in general the lot of the slave was harder there than in other areas, A majority of blacks lived on larger plantations that harbored communities of twenty or more slaves; in some counties of the Deep South, especially along the lower Mississippi River, blacks accounted for more than 75 percent of the population, There the family life of slaves tended to be relatively stable, and a distinctive African-American slave culture developed—forced separations of families were evidently more common on smaller plantations and in the upper South (slave marriages), With impressive resilience, blacks managed to sustain family life in slavery and most slaves were raised in stable two-parent households; continuity of family identity evident, African-Americans also displayed African cultural roots when they avoided marriage between first cousins, in contrast to the frequent intermarriage in the planter aristocracy, African roots were also visible in the slaves’ religious practices; though heavily Christianized by the itinerant evangelists of the Second Great Awakening, blacks in slavery molded their own distinctive religious forms from a mixture of Christian and African elements—African practices also persisted the “responsorial” style of preaching, in which the congregation punctuates the minister’s remarks with assents and amens, Slavery was intolerably degrading to the victims; they were deprived of the dignity and sense of responsibility that come from independence and the right to make choices, They were denied an education, because reading brought ideas, which brought discontent; many states passed laws forbidding their instruction and about 90% of adult slaves at the beginning of the Civil War was totally illiterate, For all slaves, virtually all blacks, the “American dream” of bettering one’s lot through study and hard work was a cruel and empty mockery, Slaves often slowed the pace of their labor to the barest minimum that would spare them the lash, thus fostering the myth of black “laziness” in the minds of whites; they filched food from the “big house” and pilfered other goods that had been produced or purchased, Slaves sabotaged expensive equipment, stopping the work routine altogether until repairs were accomplished; occasionally they even poisoned their master’s food, The slaves also universally pined for freedom; many took to their heels as runaways, frequently in search of separated family members; others rebelled but not successfully, In 1800 an armed insurrection led by a slave named Gabriel in Richmond, Virginia, was foiled by informers, and its leaders were handed; Denmark Vesey, a free black, led another ill-fated rebellion in Charles ton in 1822 (hanged with followers), In 1831 the semiliterate Nat Turner, a visionary black preacher, led an uprising that slaughtered about sixty Virginians, mostly women and children; reprisals swift, The taint of slavery also lefts its mark on the whites; it fostered the brutality of the whip, the bloodhound, and the branding iron; whit southerners increasingly lived in a state of imagined siege, surrounded by potentially rebellious blacks inflamed by abolitionist propaganda from the North; fears bolstered a theory of biological racial superiority, The south was turned into a reactionary backwater in an era of progress; one of the last bastions of slavery were forced to degrade themselves, along with their victims, The inhumanity of the “peculiar institution” gradually caused antislavery societies to sprout forth; abolitionists sentiment first stirred at the time of the Revolution, especially among Quakers; because of the widespread loathing of blacks, some of the earliest abolitionist efforts focused on transporting the blacks bodily back to Africa, The American Colonization Society was founded for the purpose in 1817 and in 1822 the Republic of Liberia, on the fever-stricken West African coast, was established for former slaves; its capital Monrovia, was named after President Monroe, Some fifteen thousand freed blacks were transported there over the next four decades but most blacks had no wish to be transplanted into a strange civilization, By 1860 virtually all southern slaves were no longer Africans, but native-born African-Americans, with their own distinctive history and culture; yet the colonization idea appeal to some antislaveryites until the time of the Civil War, In the 1830s the abolitionist movement took on new energy and momentum, mounting to the proportions of a crusade; American abolitionists gained fervor in 1833 when their British counterparts unchained the slaves in the West Indies, Most important, religious spirit of the Second Great Awakening now inflamed many abolitionists against the sin of slavery; prominent among them was Theodore Dwight Weld, who had been in New York’s Burned-Over District in 1820s; Weld appealed with special power and directness to his rural audiences of untutored farmers, Spiritually inspired by Finney, Weld was materially aided by two wealthy and devout New York merchants, the brothers Arthur and Lewis Tappan; in 1832, they paid his way to Lane Theological Seminary in Cincinnati which was presided over by the formidable Lyman Beecher, father of a remarkable brood (family of Beechers). Non-Bolded Words = illustrative examples” and other items discussed in class; terms useful as background information in SAQs, LEs, and DBQs. American educator who was the first secretary of the Massachusetts Board of Education, suggested reforms in education. How did the southern defense of slavery shift as a result of the proposal in the House of Representatives to ban slavery from Missouri? Southern states began to secede from the Union. Headed by Ely Moore, who was elected to Congress on the Tammany ticket, this union disintegrated along with a number of other national conventions with the Panic of 1837. The "positive good" defense of slavery was based on all of the following suppositions except: enslavement was the natural and proper status for people of African descent, since they were innately inferior to whites slavery was sanctioned by Christianity (the Bible contains several passages of Paul urging servants to be obedient to their masters) A northern American politician. The first highway built with entirely federal funds. APUSH: Chapter 22, "The Ordeal of Reconstruction, 1865-1877" questionMost of the aristocratic southern plantation owners lost their wealth during the Civil War. an hour ago. He published his biography, The Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, and founded the abolitionist newspaper, the North Star. Led by Thomas Jefferson, believed people should have political power, favored strong STATE governments, emphasized agriculture, strict interpretation of the Constitution, pro-French, opposed National Bank, The Election of 1800 was the first peaceful transition of power from one party to another. Delete Quiz. Born into slavery, she escaped in 1827 and became a leading preacher against slavery and for the rights of women., United States abolitionist and feminist who was freed from slavery and became a leading advocate of the abolition of slavery and for the rights of women (1797-1883), Political Action necessary to end slavery, American Presbyterian minister, journalist, and news paper editor who was murdered by a mob for his abolitionist views. In 1836, concerning a speech on the defense of slavery, Hammond claimed that the only way slavery could be abolished was if the slaveholder permitted it. Others minimize slavery and point to other factors, such as taxation or the principle of States' Rights. In 1831, she attended a public meeting where she heard William Lloyd Garrison give a speech against slavery. States' rights, nullification, and racist stereotyping provided the foundation for the Southern defense of slavery as a positive good. Fitzhugh’s worldview was fascist in its rejection of liberal values, defense of slavery, and perspectives toward race. • African Americans developed both overt and covert ways to resist the dehumanizing nature of slavery Opened up land in the middle of the US and the possible spread of slavery with the repeal of the Missouri Compromise. Southern Defense Of Slavery. Daniel Webster. APUSH Unit 6. ... What was the southern defense strategy in regards to slavery during the late antebellum period? The Election of 1860 . Slaveowning decreased from 36% to 25% from 1830 to 1860. Proslavery whites responded by launching a massive defense of slavery as positive good. The scholars immediately disagreed over the causes of the war and disagreement persists today. Aboukhadijeh, Feross. The Seventh of March Speech. ); slave codes in South after Nat Turner become MUCH harsher. Civil War & Reconstruction. Santa Fe Trail. Southern Defense of Slavery. Idealistic and impractical communities. Period 5 – Continued Western Expansion, Mexican-American War, Immediate build-up to the Civil War, Civil War, Reconstruction. APUSH – Final Exam Review. He wrote down his beliefs in Walden. "Chapter 16: The South and the Slavery Controversy, 1793-1860" StudyNotes.org. Source(s): https://shrinke.im/a7We5. APUSH PERIOD FIVE KEY CONCEPTS REVIEW ... States’ rights, nullification, and racist stereotyping provided the foundation for the Southern defense of slavery as a positive good. A style of art and architecture that emerged in the later 18th century. Nice work! 24.) Slave codes. american anti-slavery society (wanted to tansfer all blacks to africa to liberia-capital: monrovia- but slaves are all american born); constitution: covenant with death and agreement with hell (end justifies the means= will do anything to abolish slavery) frederick douglass: radical ex … That is, it was generally blamed on the African Americans in regards to slavery during the antebellum! 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