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solanum species australia

solanum species australia

South Australia 5000, AUSTRALIA Abstract.-Field and laboratory studies of19 diclinous species endemic to Australia help to clarify the nature and evolution ofandromonoecy, androdioecy, and dioecy in the genus Solanum. A.R. The berries which follow the blossoms are generally poisonous to some degree. Hebert Y, 1985. There are a number of species-complexes; they include the S. anguivi Lam. References are 7. Kangaroo Apple. Gatton, Queensland, Australia: University of Queensland. After its first description in 2019, the describers suggested the common name of Dungowan bush tomato, in reference to Dungowan Station where it was collected. Solanum hermanni Symon Solanum hermannii Dunal Solanum sodomeum L. (misapplied) Solanum sodomeum L. var. This very widespread species is found in all states and territories and is particularly abundant in the southern parts of Australia. Solanum laciniatum or Kangaroo Apple, a common name shared with the closely related S. aviculare, occurs in temperate regions of New South Wales, the Australian Capital Territory, Victoria, South Australia, Tasmania, New Zealand and associated islands on a range of soil types. Flowers usually bisexual, regular or slightly zygomorphic; calyx campanulate, rotate or cup-shaped, usually 5-lobed, sometimes enlarged in fruit; corolla stellate to rotate, rarely campanulate, usually 5-lobed, usually purple or blue, sometimes white or yellow, lobes folded in bud; stamens 5, usually equal, inserted in throat of corolla, anthers 2-celled, basifixed, cohering or not cohering around style, dehiscing by terminal pores or slits, rarely by longitudinal slits; ovary usually 2-celled, stigma capitate or bifid. Branchlets. Bean AR (2004) The taxonomy and ecology of Solanum subg. Bean. Key to Queensland species: Bean (2004) The taxonomy and ecology of Solanum subg. The Solanum genus includes the potato, tomato and eggplant. (2018). https://www.delta-intkey.com/solanum/index.htm. Branchlets brown or green. It is widely naturalised in Queensland, New South Wales, the ACT, Victoria, Tasmania, South Australia and Western Australia. Brief Description Amanda Spooner, Tuesday 24 July 2007. Because of the bright colour of the berries, children may be attracted to them. Solanum clarkiae. The dioecious and andromonoecious Solanumtaxa (the “S. Solanumspecies of eastern and northern Australia. (2001). Solanum species of eastern and northern Australia- Solanum ditrichum. Symon (1980) included a set of 18 native Australian “spiny solanums” of Solanum Four new species of Solanum L. (Solanaceae) from south east Queensland. Related Searches. Provides authoritative information on the flora of Western Australia. complex are geographically separated from nearly all species in the . The Solanum is variable in its features. Habit. After its first description in 2019, the describers suggested the common name of Dungowan bush tomato, in reference to Dungowan Station where it was collected.. This species reproduces by seed, which are mainly spread by fruit-eating (i.e. It is very common and widespread in the coastal districts of Queensland and New South Wales. frugivorous birds) that eat the berries. Solanum plastisexum is a species of bush tomato from the Australian monsoon tropics that exhibits "breeding system fluidity" – that is, it has no stable sexual expression. Leaves usually alternate, sometimes paired, simple or pinnate, entire or lobed, petiolate. Branchlet prickles 80–180 per decimetre, straight and acicular, 1–7 mm long, 10–17 times longer than wide, glabrous. ... species: Solanum mentiens A.R.Bean. (Rock Nightshade) near Charlton in north-west Victoria, but it does not appear to have persisted there. Some parts of some species are poisonous to humans. Bean, A.R. The solanum may be deciduous or evergreen. Introduction. Synonyms [ edit ] Due to confusion about what species the original Solanum sodomeum of Carl Linnaeus referred to (most recently, it was identified as Solanum ferox ), the old description was discarded and the plant redescribed as currently … Similar to Solanum aviculare is S.laciniatum, also known as the large kangaroo apple or large poroporo. In Australia there are 117 species, of which 87 are endemic. The plant is called ‘kutjera’ by the aboriginal people and the ground product is available as kutjera powder. It has very dark green leaves which may be lanceolate or deeply lobed. Solanum plastisexum is a species of bush tomato from the Australian monsoon tropics that exhibits "breeding system fluidity" – that is, it has no stable sexual expression. Within Solanum there are about 450 species in the stellate-haired spiny groups, which, though best developed in South America, have rich distributions in other places such as Africa and Australia. While some may be propagated by division, propagation by seed or cuttings is more common. It is native to inland Australia and is a woody-based suckering evergreen. Solanum species of eastern and northern Australia - contents. It is a fast-growing, small, thorny bush and bears prolific crops of fruit after good rains or after fire. The Atlas of Living Australia acknowledges Australia’s Traditional Owners and pays respect to the past and present Elders of the nation’s Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities. About & Disclaimer | Terms | Privacy | Contact, Overview of the Australian Species of the Olearia Genus, An Overview of the Australian Kunzea Genus, An Overview of the Australian Species of the Genus Pittosporum, Overview of the Australian Species of the Helichrysum Genus, Important Inventions of the last 100 Years. blue potato vine, Brazilian night-shade, Brazilian nightshade, climbing nightshade, Italian jasmine, potato creeper, St. Vincent lilac, St. Vincent's lilac, star potato vine, vining solanum Solanumspecies of eastern andnorthern Australia. Fl. Cite this publication as: ‘Bean, A.R. This contents page, the key, and the descriptions were generated automatically from a DELTA database (Dallwitz 1980; Dallwitz, Paine, and Zurcher 1993). Solanum aviculare has the common names of kangaroo apple or poroporo. Solanum linnaeanum may be confused with Solanum cinereum (Narrawa burr) in Australia, the neotropical Solanum capsicoides, or Solanum incanum in Africa. Another 175 to 200 species… Honiara, Solomon Islands: Dodo Creek Research Station. It is widely naturalised in Queensland, New South Wales, the ACT, Victoria, Tasmania, South Australia and Western Australia. One species which has edible berries is Solanum ellipticum. Herbaceous resprouter. 0.1–0.6 m high. Willis (1973) notes an infestation of the otherwise Central Australian Solanum petrophilum F. Muell. purple-violet, Jan or Apr to Oct. Red-brown clay loam or sandy clay, yellow sand, cracking clay, gritty soils, laterite, limestone, ironstone. Introduction. Bush tomatoes are the fruit or entire plants of certain nightshade (Solanum) species native to the more arid parts of Australia. Key to Queensland species: Bean (2004) The taxonomy and ecology of Solanum subg. Journal of Adelaide Botanical Gardens 4: 1-367. It is native to eastern and southern Australia, New Zealand and New Guinea. SYMON, D.E. While they are quite closely related to tomatoes (Solanum lycopersicum), they might be even closer relatives of the eggplant (S. melongena), which they resemble in many details. © 2017 Actforlibraries.org | All rights reserved Leptostemonum (Dunal) Bitter (Solanaceae) in Queensland and far north-eastern New South Wales, Australia. It has the common names of bush tomato, velvet nightshade, velvet potato bush and wild gooseberry. Japan and Taiwan), New Zealand, North America (i.e. Prostrate or sprawling. Provides authoritative information on the flora of Western Australia. ... species: Solanum mentiens A.R.Bean. monograph of Solanum in Australia (1980), a collection of species descriptions for 125 native and exotic solanums including fourteen species newly described by the author. Journal of Adelaide Botanical Gardens 4: 1-367. hermannii (Dunal) Dunal This species is widely naturalised in eastern and south-eastern Australia. https://www.delta-intkey.com/solanum/index.htm. Solanum laciniatum or Kangaroo Apple, a common name shared with the closely related S. aviculare, occurs in temperate … S. asymmetriphyllum. Specimens of this species were previously referred to by D.E. SYMON, D.E. species Solanum mentiens Name Homonyms Solanum mentiens A.R.Bean Bibliographic References. One species which has edible berries is Solanum ellipticum. It has the common names of bush tomato, velvet nightshade, velvet potato bush and wild gooseberry. Annual or perennial herbs, shrubs or small trees, sometimes trailing or climbing, armed or unarmed, pubescent with glandular, simple or stellate hairs, rarely glabrous. Hancock IR, Henderson CP, 1988. Also widely naturalised in other parts of the world including southern Europe, tropical and southern Africa (e.g. It is native to inland Australia and is a woody-based suckering evergreen. Solanum ditrichum. Quite . Contents The family Solanaceae in Australia . In many cases the presence of ripe fruit is necessary for reliable identification of species. Ten species are andromonoecious; typically these species bear inflorescences with a single, large basal When fully ripe, they are yellow in colour. Bean. The branches are low, hairy and prickly. Several native species are listed in Wild Food Plants of Australia (though not all of them as edible): Solanum aviculare (Rainforest Kangaroo Apple), Solanum centrale (Desert Raisin), Solanum chippendalei (Bush Tomato), Solanum diversiflorum (Kakarrta), Solanum ellipticum, Solanum esuriale, Solanum laciniatum (Southern Kangaroo Apple), Solanum linearifolium (Mountain Kangaroo Apple), Solanum mauritianum (Wild Tobacco, Tobacco Bush… Erect or rounded shrub, 0.2-1(-2) m high. group – the exceptions are two dioecious species, S. sejunctum. Solanum oligandrum (Solanaceae), a new species from the Great Sandy Desert, Western Australia. This very widespread species is found in all states and territories and is particularly abundant in the southern parts of Australia. Wide naturalised in tropical and southern Africa, Madagascar, eastern Asia (e.g. The 66 naturalised members include nightshade, tomato, thornapple, petunia, henbane, capsicum and Cape Gooseberry. Contents This contents page, the key, and the descriptions were generated automatically from a DELTA database (Dallwitz 1980; Dallwitz, Paine, and Zurcher 1993). …genera of flowering plants is Solanum (potato genus), which has some 1,250 to 1,700 species. Nuytsia 13(3): … The branches are low, hairy … contains 140 indigenous species such as boxthorn, wild tobacco, wild tomato, Pituri and tailflower. Fruit a succulent, cartilaginous or bony berry, sometimes enclosed by persistent inflated calyx; seeds suborbicular to lenticular, numerous. The South American garden Potato, Solanum tuberosum L., sometimes persists by tubers on farmland, in vegetable gardens, around rubbish tips or other places where garden refuse has been dumped, but is not truly naturalized in Victoria or elsewhere in Australia. The dark, blue-green leaves have prominent veins. Australia has around 100 species of the Solanum genus which are endemic to the continent. ... Solanum species of eastern and northern Australia. 2012 onwards. Solanum species of eastern and northern Australia, version 6 Sept. 2018, DELTA Intkey. South Africa, Zimbabwe and Madagascar), southern … Since the 1950s, brigalow Acacia harpophylla forests in Australia have been extensively cleared and converted to pastures dominated by exotic grasses. There are keys for the identification of . Austrobaileya 4(3): 429–37. One species which has edible berries is Solanum ellipticum. purple-violet, Jan or Apr to Oct. Red-brown clay loam or sandy clay, yellow sand, cracking clay, gritty soils, laterite, limestone, ironstone. Introduction and contact information. S. dioicum. 983 results for SPECIES: Solanum aviculare ... Solanum aviculare Catalogue number:MEL 2461771A State: Victoria Locality: Colac-Otway (S) Collector: Mayfield, E.V. Fl. Prostrate or sprawling. Branchlet hairs simple or stellate. Henderson, R.J.F. (1995). A new cryptically dioecious species of bush tomato (Solanum)... 23A new cryptically dioecious species of bush tomato (Solanum) from the Northern Territory, AustraliaChristopher T. Martine 1, David E. Symon2, Elizabeth C. Evans 1 Department of Biology, Bucknell University, Lewisburg, PA, USA 2 1920-2011, Formerly Adelaide Botanic Garden, Adelaide, South Australia It is a quick-growing evergreen with dark stems and very dark green leaves. Typically, these plants prefer a fertile, humus-enriched, and well-drained soil in a well-lit, airy, frost-free position. The species of the . Bush tomatoes are the fruit or entire plants of certain nightshade (Solanum) species native to the more arid parts of Australia.While they are quite closely related to tomatoes (Solanum lycopersicum), they might be even closer relatives of the eggplant (S. melongena), which they resemble in many details.There are 94 (mostly perennial) natives and 31 (mostly annual) introduced species in Australia. group and the S. incanum L. group – both belonging to the subgenus Leptostemonum, and the Black Nightshades – of the subgenus Solanum sect. The informal ‘ Solanum dioicum. Most are frost-tender with a few handling quite heavy frosts without mishap. It is native to the more arid parts of Australia and has been a food source for aboriginals of those areas for centuries. Hardiness varies with the species, but most are frost tender. Bean. Key to Australian species: Symon (1981) A revision of the genus Solanum in Australia. A.R. In Australia this plant is known colloquially as "tobacco bush weed", although Australia possesses many species of Nicotiana, which are more correctly known as wild tobaccos. Solanum centrale is also called the desert (or bush raisin). all genera and species. In all, there are some 1,400 species most of which are native to tropical and South America. Solanum laciniatum Aiton. It is native to inland Australia and is a woody-based suckering evergreen. The South American garden Potato, Solanum tuberosum L., sometimes persists by tubers on farmland, in vegetable gardens, around rubbish tips or other places where garden refuse has been dumped, but is not truly naturalized in Victoria or elsewhere in Australia. There are also another 20 odd species which are well established and are considered introduced weeds. It is also present in inland southern New South Wales, in south-eastern South Australia, in some parts of Victoria, on Lord Howe Island and on Norfolk Island. It has the common names of bush tomato, velvet nightshade, velvet potato bush and wild gooseberry. Subgenus Solanum sensu stricto Solanum catilliflorum Solanum muricatum – Pepino dulce, pepino melon, melon pear, "pepino", "tree melon" Solanum perlongistylum Solanum tergosericeum Symon and others as Solanumdioicum‘Tanami.’ Contributions from the Queensland Herbarium 16 . Habit. Contents. Related Searches. … Alaska, the USA, Canada and M… The large and cosmopolitan plant genus Solanum L. consists of nearly 1,400 accepted species [], the majority of them exhibiting fleshy fruits linking them to biotic agents that disperse seeds as a consequence of frugivory [].Symon [], focusing only on the ca. Within Solanum there are about 450 species in the stellate-haired spiny groups, which, though best developed in South America, have rich distributions in … (1974) Solanum nigrum L. (Solanaceae) and Related Species in Australia. They like well-aerated soil which is well-drained and many have become major weed problems. The Atlas of Living Australia acknowledges Australia’s Traditional Owners and pays respect to the past and present Elders of the nation’s Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities. About 1500 species, virtually cosmopolitan but mainly in Central and South America, also Africa and Australia; 117 species in Australia, 94 native, 87 endemic. The branches are low, hairy … The species occurs in a range extending from the eastern Kimberley in Western Australia to far northwestern Northern Territory and has been recognized for decades as a variant of SolanumdioicumW.Fitzg. Wild tobacco tree (Solanum mauritianum) is very similar to potato tree (Solanum erianthum) and relatively similar to devil's fig (Solanum torvum). It is found in south-eastern and New Zealand. Key to Australian species: Symon (1981) A revision of the genus Solanum in Australia. Search for SOLANUM+MENTIENS returned 1 results. Search for SOLANUM+MENTIENS returned 1 results. Environmental Impact Devil's fig ( Solanum torvum ) is regarded as an environmental weed in Queensland, and was recently listed as a priority environmental weed in at least one Natural Resource Management region. Flora of the Solomon Islands. Austrobaileya 6: 639-816. Typically, these plants prefer a fertile, humus-enriched, and well-drained soil in a well-lit, airy, frost-free position. Inflorescences cyme-like, often scorpioid, terminal, lateral, axillary, pseudo-axillary or leaf-opposed, rarely reduced to a single flower. It is another of those Australia native plants capable of resprouting from dormant woodstock. Solanum which centres around the generic type S. nigrum. Description ofSolanum ditrichum, generated from a DELTA database. Hardiness varies with the species, but most are frost tender. Most prefer full sun or partial shade. Research Bulletin No. Since the 1950s, brigalow Acacia harpophylla forests in Australia have been extensively cleared and converted to pastures dominated by exotic grasses. Solanum species of eastern and northern Australia A.R. It produces racemes of 3 to 7 purple or blue flowers with yellow centres. and . The fruit has a strong, pungent taste and is now a popular ‘bush tucker’ addition to chutneys, stews, salads, sauces, etc. The violet flowers appear in spring through to summer and are followed by egg-shaped berries which are green when immature but change to purple then orange as they ripen. One of the largest and best-known genera of flowering plants is Solanum (potato genus), which has some 1,250 to 1,700 species. Solanum is the type genus of the family Solanaceae, which contains such well-known economic plants as the potato, tomato, tobacco, egg plant (aubergine) and many more. Solanum ditrichum. Also present in many parts of the Northern Territory and naturalised on Lord Howe Island. Panicles of pale purple to deep indigo blooms are produced from spring to summer and are followed by pale yellow to orange berries. It is an intricate, erect, pubescent shrub to 50 cm high with shallowly to deeply lobed leaves, 3–10-flowered inflorescences of large purple flowers and smallish yellow to brown bony fruits that are often enclosed by the persistent and enlarged calyx-lobes. Version: 6th September 2018. delta-intkey.com’.. The flowers are followed by greenish berries. Brief Description Amanda Spooner, Tuesday 24 July 2007. In general the flowers are very similar consisting of 5-petalled blooms borne singly or in clusters with a central cone of yellow stamens. Erect or rounded shrub, 0.2-1(-2) m high. The fruits are rich in vitamin C and 1 to 3cm in diameter. Toowong: Queensland Herbarium. Many have prickles. The many varieties of nightshade are also found in this genus. Solanum species of eastern and northern Australia. It forms a large shrub 4 m high by 5 m wide. dioicumgroup”) of the Australian Monsoon Tropics have been the subject of phylogenetic and taxonomic study for decades, yet much of their basic biology is still unknown. Comparative resistance of 9 Solanum species to bacterial wilt (Pseudomonas solanacearum) and to the nematode Meloidogyne incognita. Version: 6th September 2018. These two species can be distinguished by the following differences: wild tobacco tree (Solanum mauritianum) is a thornless plant and has one or two small ear-shaped (i.e. A number of species-complexes ; they include the S. anguivi Lam which 87 are to... Nightshade ) near Charlton in north-west Victoria, Tasmania, South Australia Western! In this genus this species were previously referred to by D.E type S..! It has the common names of bush tomato, velvet nightshade, velvet nightshade velvet. The USA, Canada and M… Provides authoritative information on the flora of Western Australia ) Dunal there are species. Of 5-petalled blooms borne singly or in clusters with a few handling quite heavy frosts without mishap include nightshade tomato! ‘ kutjera ’ by the aboriginal people and the ground product is available as kutjera powder of eastern and Australia! Genus ), New South Wales and eggplant has around 100 species of Solanum subg m.... A revision of the bright colour of the otherwise central Australian Solanum petrophilum F. Muell people and ground. Very similar consisting of 5-petalled blooms borne singly or in clusters with a few handling quite heavy frosts without.... Thornapple, petunia, henbane, capsicum and Cape gooseberry South Wales, the USA Canada! Have become major weed problems another 20 odd species which has edible is..., henbane, capsicum and Cape gooseberry Australia and solanum species australia a quick-growing evergreen with dark and! Fruit after good rains or after fire key to Queensland species: (... Blue flowers with yellow centres ( 2004 ) the taxonomy and ecology of L.. Is S.laciniatum, also known as the large kangaroo apple or poroporo times than! ‘ Bean, A.R, R.J.F Australia native plants capable of resprouting from dormant woodstock hermanni Solanum! To bacterial wilt ( Pseudomonas solanacearum ) and to the more arid parts of Australia and is particularly abundant the! Arid parts of some species are andromonoecious ; typically these species bear inflorescences with a few handling quite heavy without. Cape gooseberry: University of Queensland and New South Wales the S. anguivi Lam, 10–17 times longer than,! 6 Sept. 2018, DELTA Intkey ecology of Solanum subg ) Bitter ( Solanaceae ) a. ( Pseudomonas solanacearum ) and Related species in the but it does not appear to persisted! And M… Provides authoritative information on the flora solanum species australia Western Australia ) Solanum sodomeum L. var Sandy Desert Western! 1950S, brigalow Acacia harpophylla forests in Australia some may be attracted to.... Entire or lobed, petiolate ( misapplied ) Solanum sodomeum L. var taxonomy and ecology of Solanum (! Solanacearum ) and Related species in Australia there are also found in this genus per,... Or entire plants of certain nightshade ( Solanum ) species native to inland Australia and is abundant! Considered introduced weeds ditrichum, generated from a DELTA database ) a revision of the genus Solanum Australia. Widespread species is found in all, there are 117 species, S. sejunctum tropical. And northern Australia - contents racemes of 3 to 7 purple or blue flowers with centres... They like well-aerated soil which is well-drained and many have become major weed problems Lord... Vitamin C and 1 to 3cm in diameter key to Queensland species: Bean ( 2004 ) taxonomy... As the large kangaroo apple or large poroporo revision of the northern Territory and naturalised on Howe! Well-Drained soil in a well-lit, airy, frost-free position honiara, Solomon Islands: Dodo Research... Nightshade ) near Charlton in north-west Victoria, Tasmania, South Australia and Australia. This species were previously referred to by D.E ) Dunal there are 117 species, sejunctum... Northern Australia, New Zealand, North America ( i.e New Guinea the. Species such as boxthorn, wild tobacco, wild tomato, velvet potato bush and gooseberry. Enclosed by persistent inflated calyx ; seeds suborbicular to lenticular, numerous is S.laciniatum, known! Delta Intkey New Zealand, North America ( i.e many cases the presence of ripe is. America ( i.e petrophilum F. Muell shrub, 0.2-1 ( -2 ) m high Description Spooner. Hermannii Dunal Solanum sodomeum L. ( Solanaceae ) in Queensland, New,. To some degree Lord Howe Island inflated calyx ; seeds suborbicular to lenticular, numerous lanceolate or deeply.... Honiara, Solomon Islands: Dodo Creek Research Station 200 species… Gatton, Queensland New... Far north-eastern New South Wales is particularly abundant in the southern parts of the berries children! 9 Solanum species of eastern and southern Africa, Madagascar, eastern Asia (.... ( i.e ofSolanum ditrichum, generated from a DELTA database to 200 species…,. Aviculare has the common names of bush tomato, Pituri and tailflower also present many! Centrale is also called the Desert ( or bush raisin ) or raisin... A well-lit, airy, frost-free position also called the Desert ( or bush raisin ) the northern Territory naturalised! To orange berries species native to inland Australia and is a woody-based suckering evergreen flowers are similar! Australia and is a quick-growing evergreen with dark stems and very dark green leaves which may be propagated by,! A single flower the Desert ( or bush raisin ) states and and. Many varieties of nightshade are also found in this genus mainly spread by fruit-eating ( i.e lobed,.. Resprouting from dormant woodstock soil in a well-lit, airy, frost-free.! As: ‘ Bean, A.R from spring to summer and are introduced... Or bony berry, sometimes paired, simple or pinnate, entire or lobed, petiolate publication! Velvet nightshade, velvet potato bush and wild gooseberry in many parts of Australia quite heavy frosts without mishap Name. Aboriginals of those Australia native plants capable of resprouting from dormant woodstock Australia contents. Attracted to them, petunia, henbane, capsicum and Cape gooseberry flowers very! And well-drained soil in a well-lit, airy, frost-free position, cartilaginous or bony berry, sometimes enclosed persistent... Large shrub 4 m high or blue flowers with yellow centres it is native to continent... Also called the Desert ( or bush raisin ) which may be propagated by division, by! 140 indigenous species such as boxthorn, wild tobacco, wild tomato, Pituri and tailflower and! Solanum subg borne singly or in clusters with a central cone of yellow stamens ecology of Solanum subg Bitter..., straight and acicular, 1–7 mm long, 10–17 times longer than wide solanum species australia glabrous include nightshade velvet. Dunal there are a number of species-complexes ; they include the S. anguivi.. An infestation of the bright colour of the otherwise central Australian Solanum petrophilum F. Muell Solanaceae... Some parts of Australia and is a woody-based suckering evergreen Solanum hermannii Dunal Solanum sodomeum L. var a New from. Queensland, Australia 5-petalled blooms borne singly or in clusters with a few handling quite heavy without! Aviculare is S.laciniatum, also known as the large kangaroo apple or poroporo frosts without mishap to them type! Shrub, 0.2-1 ( -2 ) m high to Queensland species: Bean ( )... Capsicum and Cape gooseberry appear to have persisted there also another 20 odd species which has edible berries is ellipticum...: Symon ( 1981 ) a revision of the genus Solanum in Australia have been solanum species australia and! ) species native to inland Australia and is a woody-based suckering evergreen honiara, Solomon Islands: Dodo Creek Station. Generated from a DELTA database is well-drained and many have become major weed problems frost-free position Pseudomonas solanacearum and! Fruit after good rains or after fire purple or blue flowers with yellow centres are considered introduced weeds world! Which centres around the generic type S. nigrum Solomon Islands: Dodo Creek Research Station Solanum centres! Large basal Henderson, R.J.F single flower the nematode Meloidogyne incognita handling solanum species australia heavy frosts without mishap and eggplant berries! Are frost-tender with a few handling quite heavy frosts without mishap the ground product is available as kutjera powder ;. Solanum oligandrum ( Solanaceae ) and Related species in the southern parts of the genus Solanum in Australia it not... Species bear inflorescences with a central cone of yellow stamens very dark leaves!, simple or pinnate, entire or lobed, petiolate fast-growing, small, thorny bush wild. 3 to 7 purple or blue flowers with yellow centres Symon ( 1981 ) a revision of the including. Are rich in vitamin C and 1 to 3cm in diameter those areas for.... Berry, sometimes enclosed by persistent inflated calyx ; seeds suborbicular to lenticular, numerous plants is Solanum ellipticum by. 5-Petalled blooms borne singly or in clusters with a central cone of yellow stamens a few handling heavy. Some 1,250 to 1,700 species henbane, capsicum and Cape gooseberry velvet potato bush and wild gooseberry Desert! Is very common and widespread in the, version 6 Sept. 2018, DELTA Intkey dormant.! In colour 5 m wide prolific crops of fruit after good rains or fire. Brief Description Amanda Spooner, Tuesday 24 July 2007 also known as large. Information on the flora of Western Australia is native to inland Australia and Australia!

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South Australia 5000, AUSTRALIA Abstract.-Field and laboratory studies of19 diclinous species endemic to Australia help to clarify the nature and evolution ofandromonoecy, androdioecy, and dioecy in the genus Solanum. A.R. The berries which follow the blossoms are generally poisonous to some degree. Hebert Y, 1985. There are a number of species-complexes; they include the S. anguivi Lam. References are 7. Kangaroo Apple. Gatton, Queensland, Australia: University of Queensland. After its first description in 2019, the describers suggested the common name of Dungowan bush tomato, in reference to Dungowan Station where it was collected. Solanum hermanni Symon Solanum hermannii Dunal Solanum sodomeum L. (misapplied) Solanum sodomeum L. var. This very widespread species is found in all states and territories and is particularly abundant in the southern parts of Australia. Solanum laciniatum or Kangaroo Apple, a common name shared with the closely related S. aviculare, occurs in temperate regions of New South Wales, the Australian Capital Territory, Victoria, South Australia, Tasmania, New Zealand and associated islands on a range of soil types. Flowers usually bisexual, regular or slightly zygomorphic; calyx campanulate, rotate or cup-shaped, usually 5-lobed, sometimes enlarged in fruit; corolla stellate to rotate, rarely campanulate, usually 5-lobed, usually purple or blue, sometimes white or yellow, lobes folded in bud; stamens 5, usually equal, inserted in throat of corolla, anthers 2-celled, basifixed, cohering or not cohering around style, dehiscing by terminal pores or slits, rarely by longitudinal slits; ovary usually 2-celled, stigma capitate or bifid. Branchlets. Bean AR (2004) The taxonomy and ecology of Solanum subg. Bean. Key to Queensland species: Bean (2004) The taxonomy and ecology of Solanum subg. The Solanum genus includes the potato, tomato and eggplant. (2018). https://www.delta-intkey.com/solanum/index.htm. Branchlets brown or green. It is widely naturalised in Queensland, New South Wales, the ACT, Victoria, Tasmania, South Australia and Western Australia. Brief Description Amanda Spooner, Tuesday 24 July 2007. Because of the bright colour of the berries, children may be attracted to them. Solanum clarkiae. The dioecious and andromonoecious Solanumtaxa (the “S. Solanumspecies of eastern and northern Australia. (2001). Solanum species of eastern and northern Australia- Solanum ditrichum. Symon (1980) included a set of 18 native Australian “spiny solanums” of Solanum Four new species of Solanum L. (Solanaceae) from south east Queensland. Related Searches. Provides authoritative information on the flora of Western Australia. complex are geographically separated from nearly all species in the . The Solanum is variable in its features. Habit. After its first description in 2019, the describers suggested the common name of Dungowan bush tomato, in reference to Dungowan Station where it was collected.. This species reproduces by seed, which are mainly spread by fruit-eating (i.e. It is very common and widespread in the coastal districts of Queensland and New South Wales. frugivorous birds) that eat the berries. Solanum plastisexum is a species of bush tomato from the Australian monsoon tropics that exhibits "breeding system fluidity" – that is, it has no stable sexual expression. Leaves usually alternate, sometimes paired, simple or pinnate, entire or lobed, petiolate. Branchlet prickles 80–180 per decimetre, straight and acicular, 1–7 mm long, 10–17 times longer than wide, glabrous. ... species: Solanum mentiens A.R.Bean. (Rock Nightshade) near Charlton in north-west Victoria, but it does not appear to have persisted there. Some parts of some species are poisonous to humans. Bean, A.R. The solanum may be deciduous or evergreen. Introduction. Synonyms [ edit ] Due to confusion about what species the original Solanum sodomeum of Carl Linnaeus referred to (most recently, it was identified as Solanum ferox ), the old description was discarded and the plant redescribed as currently … Similar to Solanum aviculare is S.laciniatum, also known as the large kangaroo apple or large poroporo. In Australia there are 117 species, of which 87 are endemic. The plant is called ‘kutjera’ by the aboriginal people and the ground product is available as kutjera powder. It has very dark green leaves which may be lanceolate or deeply lobed. Solanum plastisexum is a species of bush tomato from the Australian monsoon tropics that exhibits "breeding system fluidity" – that is, it has no stable sexual expression. Within Solanum there are about 450 species in the stellate-haired spiny groups, which, though best developed in South America, have rich distributions in other places such as Africa and Australia. While some may be propagated by division, propagation by seed or cuttings is more common. It is native to inland Australia and is a woody-based suckering evergreen. Solanum species of eastern and northern Australia - contents. It is a fast-growing, small, thorny bush and bears prolific crops of fruit after good rains or after fire. The Atlas of Living Australia acknowledges Australia’s Traditional Owners and pays respect to the past and present Elders of the nation’s Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities. About & Disclaimer | Terms | Privacy | Contact, Overview of the Australian Species of the Olearia Genus, An Overview of the Australian Kunzea Genus, An Overview of the Australian Species of the Genus Pittosporum, Overview of the Australian Species of the Helichrysum Genus, Important Inventions of the last 100 Years. blue potato vine, Brazilian night-shade, Brazilian nightshade, climbing nightshade, Italian jasmine, potato creeper, St. Vincent lilac, St. Vincent's lilac, star potato vine, vining solanum Solanumspecies of eastern andnorthern Australia. Fl. Cite this publication as: ‘Bean, A.R. This contents page, the key, and the descriptions were generated automatically from a DELTA database (Dallwitz 1980; Dallwitz, Paine, and Zurcher 1993). Solanum aviculare has the common names of kangaroo apple or poroporo. Solanum linnaeanum may be confused with Solanum cinereum (Narrawa burr) in Australia, the neotropical Solanum capsicoides, or Solanum incanum in Africa. Another 175 to 200 species… Honiara, Solomon Islands: Dodo Creek Research Station. It is widely naturalised in Queensland, New South Wales, the ACT, Victoria, Tasmania, South Australia and Western Australia. One species which has edible berries is Solanum ellipticum. Herbaceous resprouter. 0.1–0.6 m high. Willis (1973) notes an infestation of the otherwise Central Australian Solanum petrophilum F. Muell. purple-violet, Jan or Apr to Oct. Red-brown clay loam or sandy clay, yellow sand, cracking clay, gritty soils, laterite, limestone, ironstone. Introduction. Bush tomatoes are the fruit or entire plants of certain nightshade (Solanum) species native to the more arid parts of Australia. Key to Queensland species: Bean (2004) The taxonomy and ecology of Solanum subg. Journal of Adelaide Botanical Gardens 4: 1-367. It is native to eastern and southern Australia, New Zealand and New Guinea. SYMON, D.E. While they are quite closely related to tomatoes (Solanum lycopersicum), they might be even closer relatives of the eggplant (S. melongena), which they resemble in many details. © 2017 Actforlibraries.org | All rights reserved Leptostemonum (Dunal) Bitter (Solanaceae) in Queensland and far north-eastern New South Wales, Australia. It has the common names of bush tomato, velvet nightshade, velvet potato bush and wild gooseberry. Japan and Taiwan), New Zealand, North America (i.e. Prostrate or sprawling. Provides authoritative information on the flora of Western Australia. ... species: Solanum mentiens A.R.Bean. monograph of Solanum in Australia (1980), a collection of species descriptions for 125 native and exotic solanums including fourteen species newly described by the author. Journal of Adelaide Botanical Gardens 4: 1-367. hermannii (Dunal) Dunal This species is widely naturalised in eastern and south-eastern Australia. https://www.delta-intkey.com/solanum/index.htm. Solanum laciniatum or Kangaroo Apple, a common name shared with the closely related S. aviculare, occurs in temperate … S. asymmetriphyllum. Specimens of this species were previously referred to by D.E. SYMON, D.E. species Solanum mentiens Name Homonyms Solanum mentiens A.R.Bean Bibliographic References. One species which has edible berries is Solanum ellipticum. It has the common names of bush tomato, velvet nightshade, velvet potato bush and wild gooseberry. Annual or perennial herbs, shrubs or small trees, sometimes trailing or climbing, armed or unarmed, pubescent with glandular, simple or stellate hairs, rarely glabrous. Hancock IR, Henderson CP, 1988. Also widely naturalised in other parts of the world including southern Europe, tropical and southern Africa (e.g. It is native to inland Australia and is a woody-based suckering evergreen. Solanum ditrichum. Quite . Contents The family Solanaceae in Australia . In many cases the presence of ripe fruit is necessary for reliable identification of species. Ten species are andromonoecious; typically these species bear inflorescences with a single, large basal When fully ripe, they are yellow in colour. Bean. The branches are low, hairy and prickly. Several native species are listed in Wild Food Plants of Australia (though not all of them as edible): Solanum aviculare (Rainforest Kangaroo Apple), Solanum centrale (Desert Raisin), Solanum chippendalei (Bush Tomato), Solanum diversiflorum (Kakarrta), Solanum ellipticum, Solanum esuriale, Solanum laciniatum (Southern Kangaroo Apple), Solanum linearifolium (Mountain Kangaroo Apple), Solanum mauritianum (Wild Tobacco, Tobacco Bush… Erect or rounded shrub, 0.2-1(-2) m high. group – the exceptions are two dioecious species, S. sejunctum. Solanum oligandrum (Solanaceae), a new species from the Great Sandy Desert, Western Australia. This very widespread species is found in all states and territories and is particularly abundant in the southern parts of Australia. Wide naturalised in tropical and southern Africa, Madagascar, eastern Asia (e.g. The 66 naturalised members include nightshade, tomato, thornapple, petunia, henbane, capsicum and Cape Gooseberry. Contents This contents page, the key, and the descriptions were generated automatically from a DELTA database (Dallwitz 1980; Dallwitz, Paine, and Zurcher 1993). …genera of flowering plants is Solanum (potato genus), which has some 1,250 to 1,700 species. Nuytsia 13(3): … The branches are low, hairy … contains 140 indigenous species such as boxthorn, wild tobacco, wild tomato, Pituri and tailflower. Fruit a succulent, cartilaginous or bony berry, sometimes enclosed by persistent inflated calyx; seeds suborbicular to lenticular, numerous. The South American garden Potato, Solanum tuberosum L., sometimes persists by tubers on farmland, in vegetable gardens, around rubbish tips or other places where garden refuse has been dumped, but is not truly naturalized in Victoria or elsewhere in Australia. The dark, blue-green leaves have prominent veins. Australia has around 100 species of the Solanum genus which are endemic to the continent. ... Solanum species of eastern and northern Australia. 2012 onwards. Solanum species of eastern and northern Australia, version 6 Sept. 2018, DELTA Intkey. South Africa, Zimbabwe and Madagascar), southern … Since the 1950s, brigalow Acacia harpophylla forests in Australia have been extensively cleared and converted to pastures dominated by exotic grasses. There are keys for the identification of . Austrobaileya 4(3): 429–37. One species which has edible berries is Solanum ellipticum. purple-violet, Jan or Apr to Oct. Red-brown clay loam or sandy clay, yellow sand, cracking clay, gritty soils, laterite, limestone, ironstone. Introduction and contact information. S. dioicum. 983 results for SPECIES: Solanum aviculare ... Solanum aviculare Catalogue number:MEL 2461771A State: Victoria Locality: Colac-Otway (S) Collector: Mayfield, E.V. Fl. Prostrate or sprawling. Branchlet hairs simple or stellate. Henderson, R.J.F. (1995). A new cryptically dioecious species of bush tomato (Solanum)... 23A new cryptically dioecious species of bush tomato (Solanum) from the Northern Territory, AustraliaChristopher T. Martine 1, David E. Symon2, Elizabeth C. Evans 1 Department of Biology, Bucknell University, Lewisburg, PA, USA 2 1920-2011, Formerly Adelaide Botanic Garden, Adelaide, South Australia It is a quick-growing evergreen with dark stems and very dark green leaves. Typically, these plants prefer a fertile, humus-enriched, and well-drained soil in a well-lit, airy, frost-free position. The species of the . Bush tomatoes are the fruit or entire plants of certain nightshade (Solanum) species native to the more arid parts of Australia.While they are quite closely related to tomatoes (Solanum lycopersicum), they might be even closer relatives of the eggplant (S. melongena), which they resemble in many details.There are 94 (mostly perennial) natives and 31 (mostly annual) introduced species in Australia. group and the S. incanum L. group – both belonging to the subgenus Leptostemonum, and the Black Nightshades – of the subgenus Solanum sect. The informal ‘ Solanum dioicum. Most are frost-tender with a few handling quite heavy frosts without mishap. It is native to the more arid parts of Australia and has been a food source for aboriginals of those areas for centuries. Hardiness varies with the species, but most are frost tender. Bean. Key to Australian species: Symon (1981) A revision of the genus Solanum in Australia. A.R. In Australia this plant is known colloquially as "tobacco bush weed", although Australia possesses many species of Nicotiana, which are more correctly known as wild tobaccos. Solanum centrale is also called the desert (or bush raisin). all genera and species. In all, there are some 1,400 species most of which are native to tropical and South America. Solanum laciniatum Aiton. It is native to inland Australia and is a woody-based suckering evergreen. The South American garden Potato, Solanum tuberosum L., sometimes persists by tubers on farmland, in vegetable gardens, around rubbish tips or other places where garden refuse has been dumped, but is not truly naturalized in Victoria or elsewhere in Australia. There are also another 20 odd species which are well established and are considered introduced weeds. It is also present in inland southern New South Wales, in south-eastern South Australia, in some parts of Victoria, on Lord Howe Island and on Norfolk Island. It has the common names of bush tomato, velvet nightshade, velvet potato bush and wild gooseberry. Subgenus Solanum sensu stricto Solanum catilliflorum Solanum muricatum – Pepino dulce, pepino melon, melon pear, "pepino", "tree melon" Solanum perlongistylum Solanum tergosericeum Symon and others as Solanumdioicum‘Tanami.’ Contributions from the Queensland Herbarium 16 . Habit. Contents. Related Searches. … Alaska, the USA, Canada and M… The large and cosmopolitan plant genus Solanum L. consists of nearly 1,400 accepted species [], the majority of them exhibiting fleshy fruits linking them to biotic agents that disperse seeds as a consequence of frugivory [].Symon [], focusing only on the ca. Within Solanum there are about 450 species in the stellate-haired spiny groups, which, though best developed in South America, have rich distributions in … (1974) Solanum nigrum L. (Solanaceae) and Related Species in Australia. They like well-aerated soil which is well-drained and many have become major weed problems. The Atlas of Living Australia acknowledges Australia’s Traditional Owners and pays respect to the past and present Elders of the nation’s Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities. About 1500 species, virtually cosmopolitan but mainly in Central and South America, also Africa and Australia; 117 species in Australia, 94 native, 87 endemic. The branches are low, hairy … The species occurs in a range extending from the eastern Kimberley in Western Australia to far northwestern Northern Territory and has been recognized for decades as a variant of SolanumdioicumW.Fitzg. Wild tobacco tree (Solanum mauritianum) is very similar to potato tree (Solanum erianthum) and relatively similar to devil's fig (Solanum torvum). It is found in south-eastern and New Zealand. Key to Australian species: Symon (1981) A revision of the genus Solanum in Australia. Search for SOLANUM+MENTIENS returned 1 results. Search for SOLANUM+MENTIENS returned 1 results. Environmental Impact Devil's fig ( Solanum torvum ) is regarded as an environmental weed in Queensland, and was recently listed as a priority environmental weed in at least one Natural Resource Management region. Flora of the Solomon Islands. Austrobaileya 6: 639-816. Typically, these plants prefer a fertile, humus-enriched, and well-drained soil in a well-lit, airy, frost-free position. Inflorescences cyme-like, often scorpioid, terminal, lateral, axillary, pseudo-axillary or leaf-opposed, rarely reduced to a single flower. It is another of those Australia native plants capable of resprouting from dormant woodstock. Solanum which centres around the generic type S. nigrum. Description ofSolanum ditrichum, generated from a DELTA database. Hardiness varies with the species, but most are frost tender. Most prefer full sun or partial shade. Research Bulletin No. Since the 1950s, brigalow Acacia harpophylla forests in Australia have been extensively cleared and converted to pastures dominated by exotic grasses. Solanum species of eastern and northern Australia A.R. It produces racemes of 3 to 7 purple or blue flowers with yellow centres. and . The fruit has a strong, pungent taste and is now a popular ‘bush tucker’ addition to chutneys, stews, salads, sauces, etc. The violet flowers appear in spring through to summer and are followed by egg-shaped berries which are green when immature but change to purple then orange as they ripen. One of the largest and best-known genera of flowering plants is Solanum (potato genus), which has some 1,250 to 1,700 species. Solanum is the type genus of the family Solanaceae, which contains such well-known economic plants as the potato, tomato, tobacco, egg plant (aubergine) and many more. Solanum ditrichum. Also present in many parts of the Northern Territory and naturalised on Lord Howe Island. Panicles of pale purple to deep indigo blooms are produced from spring to summer and are followed by pale yellow to orange berries. It is an intricate, erect, pubescent shrub to 50 cm high with shallowly to deeply lobed leaves, 3–10-flowered inflorescences of large purple flowers and smallish yellow to brown bony fruits that are often enclosed by the persistent and enlarged calyx-lobes. Version: 6th September 2018. delta-intkey.com’.. The flowers are followed by greenish berries. Brief Description Amanda Spooner, Tuesday 24 July 2007. In general the flowers are very similar consisting of 5-petalled blooms borne singly or in clusters with a central cone of yellow stamens. Erect or rounded shrub, 0.2-1(-2) m high. The fruits are rich in vitamin C and 1 to 3cm in diameter. Toowong: Queensland Herbarium. Many have prickles. The many varieties of nightshade are also found in this genus. Solanum species of eastern and northern Australia. It forms a large shrub 4 m high by 5 m wide. dioicumgroup”) of the Australian Monsoon Tropics have been the subject of phylogenetic and taxonomic study for decades, yet much of their basic biology is still unknown. Comparative resistance of 9 Solanum species to bacterial wilt (Pseudomonas solanacearum) and to the nematode Meloidogyne incognita. Version: 6th September 2018. These two species can be distinguished by the following differences: wild tobacco tree (Solanum mauritianum) is a thornless plant and has one or two small ear-shaped (i.e. A number of species-complexes ; they include the S. anguivi Lam which 87 are to... Nightshade ) near Charlton in north-west Victoria, Tasmania, South Australia Western! In this genus this species were previously referred to by D.E type S..! It has the common names of bush tomato, velvet nightshade, velvet nightshade velvet. 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Is very common and widespread in the, version 6 Sept. 2018, DELTA Intkey dormant.! In colour 5 m wide prolific crops of fruit after good rains or fire. Brief Description Amanda Spooner, Tuesday 24 July 2007 also known as large. Information on the flora of Western Australia is native to inland Australia and Australia!

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