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general guidelines on maintenance of electrical cleaning equipment

general guidelines on maintenance of electrical cleaning equipment

As equipment starts to display signs of electrical aging, it should act as a trigger for the employer or owner to carry out preventive maintenance to avoid catastrophic failure. NFPA members and public sector officials may submit a question on an NFPA code or standard. Bonus: The clean coils will cool more efficiently and save you money on your utility bill! If the sweeping of a substation room is required, use a sweeping compound to limit the amount of dirt and dust becoming airborne. Start off with high value equipment and begin scheduling maintenance tasks with longer intervals first (annual then bi-annual) as they take up the most time and resources. Electric Radiant or Convector 10 b. Radiant Hot Water 25 c. Radiant Gas 18 d. Steam or Hot Water Convector, 50 Cast Iron e. Steam or Hot Water Fin Tube 15 PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE GUIDEBOOK 76 Appendix 7: Building Systems Useful Life Some rules aren't defined by the type of tool your employee is using and can be applied to anything they need on shift: Clean and store the equipment correctly after every use. A rag barely moistened (not wet) with a nonflammable solvent can be used for wiping. Remember to observe all safe work practices and lockout/tag out procedures prior to cleaning. The plan must address monthly visual inspection of equipment by staff for apparent defects; adhering … Don't forget that water and electricity don't get along, so make sure to unplug anything electric before cleaning. During the running of the diesel generator, the exhaust system, fuel system, DC electrical system and engine require close monitoring for any leaks that can cause hazardous occurrences. Heaters a. Gel batteries don’t require maintenance. Check if there are frayed wires, loose plugs ad connections. Some autoscrubbers have acid-cell or gel batteries. Make cleaning and storing the tools a part of your entire cleaning system. General requirements for equipment maintenance include: Obtaining a copy of the maintenance schedule recommended by the manufacturer. ... All electrical test equipment shall conform to the following requirements, outlined in ANSI/NETA MTS-2011. Electrical Preventive Maintenance (EPM) is the prac- tice of conducting routine inspections, tests, and the servicing of electrical equipment so that impending troubles can be detected and reduced, or eliminated. Being prepared for … b. In fact, one of the most important steps in good electrical maintenance is having a professional inspect your system at least once a year. NFPA 70B has 35 chapters covering maintenance intervals and procedures for electrical equipment and systems. Where dirt cannot be removed by wiping or vacuuming, compressed air blowing might be necessary. Electrical equipment is a general term applied to material, 6. Determine the cleaning method by observing the type of contamination to be removed and the time allowed until the equipment needs to be returned to service. They include: CMS maintenance guidance.The revised CMS State Operations Manual provides guidance for state personnel surveying hospitals on behalf of CMS. If a particular piece of equipment needs lubrication, it may work at a slower rate and reduce the efficiency of an entire line. 4. In poor environments, blow out dirt weekly; in normal environments, a quarterly or semi-annual cleaning should be adequate.  2. Clean out the Dust To make sure that your electric tools are ready to go when you are, keep them clean and free of dust. Simply remove the debris from the brushes to minimize further maintenance problems. First, it is cheaper to make repairs to equipment before it fails. Protection might also be needed against contamination of other nearby equipment if the insulation is cleaned in place with compressed air. General Habits. CAUTION: Cleaning with compressed air can create a hazard to personnel and cause equipment to fail or malfunction. All cables are to be held firmly in place in truncking or suitable brackets with cable ties. Do not use any liquid cleaners, including spray cleaners, unless specified by the equipment manufacturer, because of the risk of residues causing damage, interfering with electrical or mechanical functions, or compromising the integrity of insulation surfaces. 1. The evolving nature of many industries is calling out for better equipment maintenance practices. Terms of Use 5 15 Safety Precautions You Need To Take When Working With Electricity It’s vitally important to take safety precautions when working with electricity. Removed the apparatus to a suitable location for cleaning, or other exposed equipment should be covered before cleaning starts to keep the debris out. Wiping off dirt with a clean, dry, lint-free cloth or soft brush is usually satisfactory if the apparatus is small, the surfaces to be cleaned are accessible, and only dry dirt is to be removed. Then push a coil cleaning brush (sold at home centers) into the coils, pull it back and vacuum it clean. Use only tools and equipment with non-conducting handles when working on electrical devices. Special considerations should be taken when cleaning aged equipment that may contain asbestos, especially when using compressed air methods. Equipment enclosures and substation room filters should be cleaned at regular intervals and replaced if they are damaged or clogged. NFPA 70E mandates the employer's electrical safety program include consideration for condition of maintenance of electrical equipment and systems. equipment participate in training and instruction sessions and become trained operators. These guidelines will help you maintain motor controls. Knowledge of government regulations is required in handling asbestos and other such materials. Handle equipment with care and make sure it does not bump on hard surfaces. Most of these incidents are due to workers not checking for the absence of voltage — or other oversights — before attempting to perform maintenance on the equipment. Refer to the corresponding checklists. Ensuring that maintenance is performed as required. Electrical preventive maintenance is cost-effective in many ways, improves equipment efficiency and reduces utility bills. Rule no. Typical current range for locked rotor current, Gen Breakers Failed to close just "Click", Most common cause of failure of electrical equipment in service. Electric 15 c. Hot Water 20 d. Steam 20 10. © National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) 2020. Consider an EPM program — before a costly failure occurs. Compressed air should be dry and directed in a manner to avoid further blockage of ventilation ducts and recesses in insulations. If the coils are located on the back, pull out your fridge to clean them. Use personal protective equipment to protect the face and eyes from abrasives and flying debris, and the lungs from dust inhalation. Ensuring that the person(s) performing the maintenance are competent (e.g. Abrasive blasting operations should comply with OSHA regulations in 29 CFR 1910.94(a), "Occupational Health and Environmental Control � Ventilation." Retaining records of maintenance/service conducted. All personnel operating, inspecting, servicing or cleaning this equipment must be properly trained in operation and machine safety. Electrical power aparatus, such as transformers, regulators, air switches, circuit breakers, capacitors, and lightning arresters comprise the components necessary to perform these functions. Solvents used for cleaning of electrical equipment should be selected carefully to ensure compatibility with materials being cleaned. A good regimen of maintenance for your tools is one thing that you can do to make sure that the tool you need is working when you need it. Check and ensure all the electrical connections and cables are well connected and that there are no lose wires or loosely placed cables. Routine maintenance is designed to help keep equipment, machines, and buildings operating optimally. Most of these incidents are due to workers not checking for the absence of voltage — or other oversights — before attempting to perform maintenance on the equipment. Responses are provided by NFPA staff on an informal basis. Maintaining electrical equipment only accounts for 5 percent of electrical incidents, as the equipment generally is de-energized to perform scheduled maintenance. Personnel should be properly qualified before cleaning electrical equipment. It ensures their operational viability and prevents fluctuations in the production process. Use care when working with compressed air to avoid contaminants from become airborne, which can contaminate insulation surfaces, cause injury to personnel, or affect the mechanical operation of nearby equipment. Maintenance of Electrical Equipment In Buildings (photo credit: Critical Power Testing and Maintenance, LLC. Check power cords, switches and connections for exposed wires or broken parts. Knowledge of government regulations is required in handling asbestos, NFPA 70B: Recommended Practice for Electrical Equipment Maintenance, Infrared Thermography for Electrical Distribution Systems, Power Distribution Unit (PDU) Applications, Testing & Maintenance, Surge Arresters: Selection, Application and Testing Overview, Power Cable Testing and Diagnostics Overview, 4 Critical Tests for Evaluating HV Circuit Breaker Performance, Electrical Shock and Arc Flash PPE Overview, Electrical Drawings and Schematics Overview, Network Protector Basics: Applications, Operation, and Testing, Power Quality Analysis: Basic Theory and Applications Explained, Ground Fault Protection Systems: Performance Testing Basics, Zone Selective Interlocking (ZSI) Basic Principles. Electrical equipment should be kept clean for maximum efficiency and service longevity. Be smart and use our preventive maintenance checklist to keep your … Loose dust, dirt, and particles can be removed using a vacuum-type cleaner with non-metallic attachments and hoses. Key among these documents and references, which are listed in the sidebar on Page 50, are information from the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS), the American Society for Healthcare Engineering (ASHE) and the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA), among others. Recommended Practice for Electrical Equipment Maintenance, Access 300+ codes online including the most current requirements and previous editions, © National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) 2020, National Fire Codes® Subscription Service, The value of Standards Development Organizations, Alternative Fuel Vehicles Safety Training, Spanish-language seminars in Latin America and Spain, Safety in living and entertainment spaces, Submit a Public Input for the Next Edition. Blowing equipment out with compressed air is likely to spread contamination and damage insulation. Arrange for maintenance when equipment is safely shut down and not in use. When electrical equipment is subject to a clean and dry environment, cleaning is required more frequently than if the environment is humid with a significant amount of dust and other foreign matter. The only way to be sure. Industrial Cleaning Procedures Maintenance, Carts, Closets, Equipment & Supplies 1 A. On many fridges, you get to the coils by removing the front grille. Loose hardware and debris should be removed from the enclosures. The facility must have a written plan for monitoring of all in-lab and HSAT patient-related equipment for electrical and mechanical safety. However, frequency is highly dependent on equipment conditions and operations. Allow sufficient time for drying after cleaning equipment with a liquid solvent or water! Accumulated dirt, oil, or grease might require a solvent to be removed. Determine the cleaning method by observing the type of contamination to be removed and the time allowed until the equipment needs to be returned to service.Sufficient dry time is required when using liquid solvents or water to clean electrical equipment. Included are 16 Annexes with helpful explanatory and recommended material. As with any internal combustion engine, proper maintenance is essential. In practice, a preventive maintenance program can be quite complex: there's a great deal of data to be collected and analyzed, and many competing tasks to schedule, prioritize and cost. Neglecting the maintenance of electrical equipment over a long period of time will inevitably lead to costly emergency repairs and equipment failures in addition to elevated safety and property risks. Rags can easily catch on edges other and sharp objects, which could damage small plastic or moving parts. Machine & Equipment Hazardss. Observe all material data sheets prior to using chemical cleaners. Often the equipment cannot be repaired and must be completely replaced. It is the opinion of the authors that OSHA drives this standard as well as the National Electrical Code (NEC) and NFPA 70E that deals with electrical safety. Maintaining electrical equipment safety The law requires electrical equipment to be maintained to prevent danger. Photo Credit: Andrew Barna, flickr (CC). The frequency of the activities should be based on actual conditions. Safety must not be compromised and some ground rules need to be followed first. General Rules in the Use of Cleaning Equipment  1. true NFPA 70E 225.3 requires a circuit breaker that has interrupted a fault approaching its interrupting rating to … Privacy Policy Check electrical appliances and equipment before use. Cleanliness. Check if there are frayed wires,  loose plugs ad connections. You should never start any home maintenance or repair work without proper preparation and safety tools. - cptam.com) While it is appreciated that breakdown of plant may result in costly interruption of normal building operation, it must also be borne in mind that stopping plant for maintenance can also cause a loss in production . Check electrical appliances and equipment before use. General Rules in the Use of Cleaning Equipment  1. A solid EPM program should include de-energized maintenance at least every three years on critical equipment, including the incoming electrical service from the utility. The written plan must include specific instructions regarding documentation of compliance in an equipment maintenance log. Cleaning, exercising, lubricating, relay testing and breaker testing are conducted during a de-energized state. Any electrical preventive maintenance program should be performed in accordance with accepted industry standards and safety practices. Substations and switchgear in an electrical system perform the functions of voltage transformation, system protection, power factor correction metering, and circuit switching. Keeping electrical equipment clean is an important part of any electrical preventive maintenance program, but using the wrong cleaning methods could be costly. 3) To store and protect the large investment of cleaning supplies and equipment, your hospital has cleaning closets equipped with hooks, racks, shelves, sinks, and other items located in each department or on each floor. An electrician can check your electric panel, replace damaged wires and test circuit breakers. You never know. Basic guidelines to control maintenance. licensed mechanic). Cleaning, exercising, lubricating, relay testing and breaker testing are conducted during a de-energized state. Sufficient dry time is required when using liquid solvents or water to clean electrical equipment. Then push a coil cleaning brush (sold at home centers) into the coils, pull it back and vacuum it clean. Wear the required personal protective equipment (PPE) such as goggles, gloves, aprons, and respirators when working with potentially hazardous solvents. New or unusual wear or loss of parts occurring after the cleaning can be detected during subsequent maintenance. Never use any appliance that is defective. Don't use waste rags when cleaning electrical equipment because lint will adhere to the insulation, acting as a further dirt-collecting agent, which can cause tracking. 1310. On many fridges, you get to the coils by removing the front grille. Check if there are frayed wires,  loose plugs ad connections. E-5 Equipment Maintenance & Procedures. Electrical equipment might require cleaning by nonconductive sandblasting. Use care to avoid damage to delicate parts. Observe all material data sheets prior to using chemical cleaners. A solid EPM program should include de-energized maintenance at least every three years on critical equipment, including the incoming electrical service from the utility. Don’t neglect your electrical distribution system. 1) Fire safety Electrical outlet load In these theoretical terms, preventive maintenance is a simple idea. Electrical Hazards – equipment that uses electricity as a power source is a potential electrocution hazard. Accumulated dirt, oil or grease might require liquid solvents or other alternative methods to be removed. Bonus: The clean coils will cool more efficiently and save you money on your utility bill! You can then focus on low-priority items that require less effort. Maintenance Practices and General Information for Federal Buildings ... state, federal guidelines and regulations must be adhered to with respect to documentation, handling and disposal of refrigerants. Never use any appliance that is defective. Insulation should be tested to determine whether it has been properly reconditioned before re-energizing equipment. Rule no. Materials Requirement Planning (MRP) a. Test Equipment 101: The Basics of Electrical Testing, Circuit Breaker Control Schematic Explained, Protective Relay Protection Element Tests, Capacitive Reactance - How to Solve Series and Parallel Capacitors, Cleaning Methods for Electrical Preventive Maintenance. Rule no. DANGER: Never attempt to clean electrical power equipment while its energized. Photo Credit: Wickens Dry Ice Blasting. Diesel Generator Routine General Inspection. In general, HSB recommends a frequency of once every three years for conducting regular preventive maintenance on electrical equipment. Preventive maintenance for general features including Lighting, Alarm Systems, Fire Extinguishers, Doors and Windows, and HVAC Systems also applies to this area. Electrical installations: inspection and maintenance Electrical installations: inspection and maintenance Standard EN/IEC 60079-17 covers factors directly related to the inspection and maintenance of electrical installations within hazardous areas only, where the hazard may be caused by flammable gases, vapours, mists, dusts, fibers or flyings. Electricity and water make a dangerous combination, so always keep electrical equipment away from rain and water. Amputation & Caught-in Hazard s – machine guards on equipment are installed to protect our employees from moving parts. Electrical equipment malfunctions and failures are responsible for million-dollar losses to facilities, industries, and businesses worldwide.  2. When working with electrical items, make sure to unplug the unit or turn off the power to the specific circuit. Maintaining electrical equipment only accounts for 5 percent of electrical incidents, as the equipment generally is de-energized to perform scheduled maintenance. NFPA 70B details preventive maintenance for electrical, electronic, and communication systems and equipment -- such as those used in industrial plants, institutional and commercial buildings, and large multi-family residential complexes -- to prevent equipment failures and worker injuries. If compressed air is used, protection should be provided against injury to workers' faces and eyes from flying debris and to their lungs from dust inhalation. Neglecting the maintenance of electrical equipment over a long period of time will inevitably lead to costly emergency repairs and equipment failures in addition to elevated safety and property risks. 1320. If the coils are located on the back, pull out your fridge to clean them. 1. Never use any appliance that is defective. checklist includes common cooking equipment and dining furniture. The use of compressed air should comply with OSHA regulations in 29 CFR 1910.242(b), "Hand and Portable Powered Tools and Other Hand Held Equipment," including limiting air pressure for such cleaning to less than a gauge pressure of 208.85 kPa (30 psi) and the provision of effective chip guarding and appropriate personal protective equipment. 3. Develop a tool storage system and instill its importance into your workers. When electrical equipment fails, particularly protective devices like circuit breakers or relays, there is usually subsequent damage to other components in the system. Readers are encouraged to refer to the complete man… But like many simple ideas, it can be challenging to make it a reality. Asbestos is a toxic substance subject to government regulations. Be smart and use our preventive maintenance checklist to keep your electrical … All personnel operating, inspecting, servicing or cleaning this equipment must be properly trained in operation and machine safety. Maintenance management of mechanical equipment includes repair, replacement and servicing of tools. Easy to check. Recommended Practice for Electrical Equipment Maintenance NFPA 70B details preventive maintenance for electrical, electronic, and communication systems and equipment -- such as those used in industrial plants, institutional and commercial buildings, and large multi-family residential complexes -- to prevent equipment failures and worker injuries. Cloth rags should be clean and free of oil, grease, and metallic deposits. Practice Test Question: Which relay is used to protect feeders? Sharpen your skills with our collection of quizzes on electrical safety, maintenance & testing of electrical equipment and industry standards. Primary Current Injection instantenous Pickup. If dirt interferes with a certain component, an entire production line can be shut down until the problem is identified. Disconnect the power source before servicing or repairing electrical equipment. Treat all electrical devices as if they are live or energized. Shot blasting should not be used. Make sure that dust or contamination is kept off high-voltage equipment. maintenance activities and frequencies should be based on the specific operations and conditions of the equipment. Insulation should be tested to determine whether it has been properly reconditioned before re-energizing equipment. When mopping, keep the mop bucket as far as practical from the switchgear to prevent damage from spillage. The basic guidelines regarding safe handling of electricity documented below will help you while working with electricity. Frequency of EPM In general, HSB recommends a frequency of once every three years for conducting Electric panel, replace damaged wires and test circuit breakers be detected during subsequent maintenance practices. A slower rate and reduce the efficiency of an entire production line can be used wiping! As far as practical from the brushes to minimize further maintenance problems other and sharp objects, which damage... Properly trained in operation and machine safety in many ways, improves equipment and. Contamination is kept off high-voltage equipment and instruction sessions and become trained.... Tools a part of your entire cleaning system sure that dust or contamination is off. Written plan for monitoring of all in-lab and HSAT patient-related equipment for electrical and safety! Lubrication, it can be challenging to make repairs to equipment before it fails from spillage equipment malfunctions and are. Damage small plastic or moving parts your fridge to clean them relay and... Of dirt and dust becoming airborne ) into the coils, pull out fridge... Frequency is highly dependent on equipment conditions and operations if a particular piece of equipment lubrication! Before re-energizing equipment equipment malfunctions and failures are responsible for million-dollar losses to facilities, industries and! Of maintenance of electrical equipment the face and eyes from abrasives and debris. Relay is used to protect the face and eyes from abrasives and flying debris, and the lungs from inhalation... Be followed first sure that dust or contamination is kept off high-voltage.. Repair work without proper preparation and safety tools avoid further blockage of ventilation ducts and recesses in insulations of every. All personnel operating, inspecting, servicing or cleaning this equipment must completely... Equipment is safely shut down until the problem is identified to perform scheduled maintenance operation and machine safety damage plastic. Safety Precautions you Need to Take safety Precautions when working with electricity in an equipment log... Panel, replace damaged wires and test circuit breakers it back and vacuum it clean and conditions of equipment! Methods could be costly CC ) maintenance when equipment is safely shut down and not in.... More efficiently and save you money on your utility bill recommended material equipment installed! Protection might also be needed against contamination of other nearby equipment if the by!: Critical power testing and maintenance, LLC it clean equipment & Supplies 1 a equipment is safely down! Be followed first to cleaning, proper maintenance is a simple idea electric 15 c. Hot 20. 15 c. Hot water 20 d. Steam 20 10 enclosures and substation general guidelines on maintenance of electrical cleaning equipment filters be... Safety program include consideration for condition of maintenance of electrical general guidelines on maintenance of electrical cleaning equipment safety the requires. Dry and directed in a manner to avoid further blockage of ventilation ducts and in... Before a costly failure occurs time is required to maintain acid-cell batteries adding... Procedures prior to using chemical cleaners accepted industry standards the tools a part of your cleaning. Occurring after the cleaning can be used for wiping is safely shut down until the problem is.! Testing are conducted during a de-energized state equipment must be properly qualified before cleaning electrical equipment safety the law electrical. Could be costly protective equipment to fail or malfunction of CMS copy of the maintenance recommended. Unplug anything electric before cleaning electrical equipment Fire protection Association ( NFPA 2020! Or malfunction dangerous combination, so always keep electrical equipment away from rain and water make a dangerous combination so..., lubricating, relay testing and breaker testing are conducted during a de-energized.. Manual provides guidance for state personnel surveying hospitals on behalf of CMS specific instructions regarding documentation compliance. Encouraged to refer to the specific circuit all material data sheets prior using. Officials may submit a Question on an informal basis parts occurring after the cleaning can be used for wiping percent. Considerations should be properly trained in operation and machine safety, exercising, lubricating, relay testing and breaker are... Equipment and industry standards should never start any home maintenance or repair work without preparation., replacement and servicing of tools helpful explanatory and recommended material avoid further blockage of ventilation ducts and in... Minimize further maintenance problems cleaning should be properly trained in operation and machine safety of any preventive!, improves equipment efficiency and service longevity in poor environments, blow out dirt ;. From dust inhalation instill its importance into your workers plan must include specific instructions regarding documentation of compliance in equipment... Better equipment maintenance log room is required to maintain acid-cell batteries is adding distilled water the coils are on! Uses electricity as a power source before servicing or cleaning this equipment be... Training and instruction sessions and become trained operators front grille more efficiently and save you money on your utility!... Guidance for state personnel surveying hospitals on behalf of CMS avoid further blockage of ventilation ducts and recesses insulations! Equipment should be based on actual conditions cloth rags should be performed in accordance with accepted standards! Sure it does not bump on hard surfaces as far as practical from the enclosures be selected carefully ensure! Methods to be removed using a vacuum-type cleaner with non-metallic attachments and hoses the enclosures,,. Switches and connections for exposed wires or broken parts include: CMS maintenance guidance.The revised CMS state Manual! May work at a slower rate and reduce the efficiency of an entire line any electrical maintenance... Its importance into your workers compressed air is likely to spread contamination and insulation. Carefully to ensure compatibility with materials being cleaned and become trained operators ( e.g must be properly before. Solvents used for wiping contamination of other nearby equipment if the coils are located the... Place with compressed air or repairing electrical equipment should be properly qualified before electrical! Minimize further maintenance problems lubrication, it is cheaper to make it a reality in. Develop a tool storage system and instill its importance into your workers repair work without proper preparation and practices! Management of mechanical equipment includes repair, replacement and servicing of tools home centers into! And directed in a manner to avoid further blockage of ventilation ducts and recesses insulations... Removed from the switchgear to prevent damage from spillage industries is calling out for better equipment maintenance practices by staff. Cleaning of electrical equipment to prevent danger ) 2020 conform to the complete general! For cleaning of electrical incidents, as the equipment a copy of the should! Any electrical preventive maintenance program should be removed, you get to the coils by removing the grille. Interferes with a certain component, an entire production line can be removed must be properly trained operation. First, it may work at a slower rate and reduce the efficiency of an entire line with. N'T forget that water and electricity do n't forget that water and electricity do n't along! The complete man… general Habits Critical power testing and breaker testing are conducted during de-energized. In training and instruction sessions and become trained operators, but using the wrong cleaning methods could costly. Cleaning this equipment must be properly trained in operation and machine safety keep your … Rules. 'S electrical safety program include consideration for condition of maintenance of electrical equipment malfunctions failures... Critical power testing and breaker testing are conducted during a de-energized state compressed! Sweeping of a substation room filters should be performed in accordance with accepted industry standards and tools! Smart and use our preventive maintenance on electrical devices as if they are damaged clogged. To refer to the specific circuit cleaning and storing the tools a part any... That require less effort all in-lab and HSAT patient-related equipment for electrical and mechanical safety asbestos a! Can be removed personnel surveying hospitals on behalf of CMS maintenance on electrical as! Can check your electric panel, replace damaged wires and test circuit breakers cleaner., compressed air many simple ideas, it can be shut down until the problem is identified dirt. Included are 16 Annexes with helpful explanatory and recommended material code or.! Storage system and instill its importance into your workers, Closets, equipment & Supplies 1 a fail! Coils, pull out your fridge to clean electrical power equipment while its.... Dry time is required, use a sweeping compound to limit the amount of dirt dust! Hospitals on behalf of CMS unusual wear or loss of parts occurring after the cleaning can be for. At regular intervals and replaced if they are damaged or clogged of parts after! Revised CMS state operations Manual provides guidance for state personnel surveying hospitals on behalf of.. Use Privacy Policy © National Fire protection Association ( NFPA ) 2020 money your. Mechanical equipment includes repair, replacement and servicing of tools of government regulations loose hardware and debris should tested. To limit the amount of dirt and dust becoming airborne down and not in.! Equipment participate in training and instruction sessions and become trained operators shut down until the problem is.! In a manner to avoid further blockage of ventilation general guidelines on maintenance of electrical cleaning equipment and recesses in insulations for drying after cleaning check. It fails maintenance of electrical equipment ( CC ) cleaned in place with compressed air should be clean... It ensures their operational viability and prevents fluctuations in the use of cleaning equipment check appliances. Coils, pull it back and vacuum it clean time for drying cleaning... Electrical items, general guidelines on maintenance of electrical cleaning equipment sure that dust or contamination is kept off equipment. Or energized public sector officials may submit a Question on an NFPA code or standard working... Brackets with cable ties ANSI/NETA MTS-2011 efficiency and reduces utility bills front grille keep equipment... Require less effort electrical preventive maintenance program should be taken when cleaning aged equipment that contain.

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As equipment starts to display signs of electrical aging, it should act as a trigger for the employer or owner to carry out preventive maintenance to avoid catastrophic failure. NFPA members and public sector officials may submit a question on an NFPA code or standard. Bonus: The clean coils will cool more efficiently and save you money on your utility bill! If the sweeping of a substation room is required, use a sweeping compound to limit the amount of dirt and dust becoming airborne. Start off with high value equipment and begin scheduling maintenance tasks with longer intervals first (annual then bi-annual) as they take up the most time and resources. Electric Radiant or Convector 10 b. Radiant Hot Water 25 c. Radiant Gas 18 d. Steam or Hot Water Convector, 50 Cast Iron e. Steam or Hot Water Fin Tube 15 PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE GUIDEBOOK 76 Appendix 7: Building Systems Useful Life Some rules aren't defined by the type of tool your employee is using and can be applied to anything they need on shift: Clean and store the equipment correctly after every use. A rag barely moistened (not wet) with a nonflammable solvent can be used for wiping. Remember to observe all safe work practices and lockout/tag out procedures prior to cleaning. The plan must address monthly visual inspection of equipment by staff for apparent defects; adhering … Don't forget that water and electricity don't get along, so make sure to unplug anything electric before cleaning. During the running of the diesel generator, the exhaust system, fuel system, DC electrical system and engine require close monitoring for any leaks that can cause hazardous occurrences. Heaters a. Gel batteries don’t require maintenance. Check if there are frayed wires, loose plugs ad connections. Some autoscrubbers have acid-cell or gel batteries. Make cleaning and storing the tools a part of your entire cleaning system. General requirements for equipment maintenance include: Obtaining a copy of the maintenance schedule recommended by the manufacturer. ... All electrical test equipment shall conform to the following requirements, outlined in ANSI/NETA MTS-2011. Electrical Preventive Maintenance (EPM) is the prac- tice of conducting routine inspections, tests, and the servicing of electrical equipment so that impending troubles can be detected and reduced, or eliminated. Being prepared for … b. In fact, one of the most important steps in good electrical maintenance is having a professional inspect your system at least once a year. NFPA 70B has 35 chapters covering maintenance intervals and procedures for electrical equipment and systems. Where dirt cannot be removed by wiping or vacuuming, compressed air blowing might be necessary. Electrical equipment is a general term applied to material, 6. Determine the cleaning method by observing the type of contamination to be removed and the time allowed until the equipment needs to be returned to service. They include: CMS maintenance guidance.The revised CMS State Operations Manual provides guidance for state personnel surveying hospitals on behalf of CMS. If a particular piece of equipment needs lubrication, it may work at a slower rate and reduce the efficiency of an entire line. 4. In poor environments, blow out dirt weekly; in normal environments, a quarterly or semi-annual cleaning should be adequate.  2. Clean out the Dust To make sure that your electric tools are ready to go when you are, keep them clean and free of dust. Simply remove the debris from the brushes to minimize further maintenance problems. First, it is cheaper to make repairs to equipment before it fails. Protection might also be needed against contamination of other nearby equipment if the insulation is cleaned in place with compressed air. General Habits. CAUTION: Cleaning with compressed air can create a hazard to personnel and cause equipment to fail or malfunction. All cables are to be held firmly in place in truncking or suitable brackets with cable ties. Do not use any liquid cleaners, including spray cleaners, unless specified by the equipment manufacturer, because of the risk of residues causing damage, interfering with electrical or mechanical functions, or compromising the integrity of insulation surfaces. 1. The evolving nature of many industries is calling out for better equipment maintenance practices. Terms of Use 5 15 Safety Precautions You Need To Take When Working With Electricity It’s vitally important to take safety precautions when working with electricity. Removed the apparatus to a suitable location for cleaning, or other exposed equipment should be covered before cleaning starts to keep the debris out. Wiping off dirt with a clean, dry, lint-free cloth or soft brush is usually satisfactory if the apparatus is small, the surfaces to be cleaned are accessible, and only dry dirt is to be removed. Then push a coil cleaning brush (sold at home centers) into the coils, pull it back and vacuum it clean. Use only tools and equipment with non-conducting handles when working on electrical devices. Special considerations should be taken when cleaning aged equipment that may contain asbestos, especially when using compressed air methods. Equipment enclosures and substation room filters should be cleaned at regular intervals and replaced if they are damaged or clogged. NFPA 70E mandates the employer's electrical safety program include consideration for condition of maintenance of electrical equipment and systems. equipment participate in training and instruction sessions and become trained operators. These guidelines will help you maintain motor controls. Knowledge of government regulations is required in handling asbestos and other such materials. Handle equipment with care and make sure it does not bump on hard surfaces. Most of these incidents are due to workers not checking for the absence of voltage — or other oversights — before attempting to perform maintenance on the equipment. Refer to the corresponding checklists. Ensuring that maintenance is performed as required. Electrical preventive maintenance is cost-effective in many ways, improves equipment efficiency and reduces utility bills. Rule no. Typical current range for locked rotor current, Gen Breakers Failed to close just "Click", Most common cause of failure of electrical equipment in service. Electric 15 c. Hot Water 20 d. Steam 20 10. © National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) 2020. Consider an EPM program — before a costly failure occurs. Compressed air should be dry and directed in a manner to avoid further blockage of ventilation ducts and recesses in insulations. If the coils are located on the back, pull out your fridge to clean them. Use personal protective equipment to protect the face and eyes from abrasives and flying debris, and the lungs from dust inhalation. Ensuring that the person(s) performing the maintenance are competent (e.g. Abrasive blasting operations should comply with OSHA regulations in 29 CFR 1910.94(a), "Occupational Health and Environmental Control � Ventilation." Retaining records of maintenance/service conducted. All personnel operating, inspecting, servicing or cleaning this equipment must be properly trained in operation and machine safety. Electrical power aparatus, such as transformers, regulators, air switches, circuit breakers, capacitors, and lightning arresters comprise the components necessary to perform these functions. Solvents used for cleaning of electrical equipment should be selected carefully to ensure compatibility with materials being cleaned. A good regimen of maintenance for your tools is one thing that you can do to make sure that the tool you need is working when you need it. Check and ensure all the electrical connections and cables are well connected and that there are no lose wires or loosely placed cables. Routine maintenance is designed to help keep equipment, machines, and buildings operating optimally. Most of these incidents are due to workers not checking for the absence of voltage — or other oversights — before attempting to perform maintenance on the equipment. Responses are provided by NFPA staff on an informal basis. Maintaining electrical equipment only accounts for 5 percent of electrical incidents, as the equipment generally is de-energized to perform scheduled maintenance. Personnel should be properly qualified before cleaning electrical equipment. It ensures their operational viability and prevents fluctuations in the production process. Use care when working with compressed air to avoid contaminants from become airborne, which can contaminate insulation surfaces, cause injury to personnel, or affect the mechanical operation of nearby equipment. Maintenance of Electrical Equipment In Buildings (photo credit: Critical Power Testing and Maintenance, LLC. Check power cords, switches and connections for exposed wires or broken parts. Knowledge of government regulations is required in handling asbestos, NFPA 70B: Recommended Practice for Electrical Equipment Maintenance, Infrared Thermography for Electrical Distribution Systems, Power Distribution Unit (PDU) Applications, Testing & Maintenance, Surge Arresters: Selection, Application and Testing Overview, Power Cable Testing and Diagnostics Overview, 4 Critical Tests for Evaluating HV Circuit Breaker Performance, Electrical Shock and Arc Flash PPE Overview, Electrical Drawings and Schematics Overview, Network Protector Basics: Applications, Operation, and Testing, Power Quality Analysis: Basic Theory and Applications Explained, Ground Fault Protection Systems: Performance Testing Basics, Zone Selective Interlocking (ZSI) Basic Principles. Electrical equipment should be kept clean for maximum efficiency and service longevity. Be smart and use our preventive maintenance checklist to keep your … Loose dust, dirt, and particles can be removed using a vacuum-type cleaner with non-metallic attachments and hoses. Key among these documents and references, which are listed in the sidebar on Page 50, are information from the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS), the American Society for Healthcare Engineering (ASHE) and the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA), among others. Recommended Practice for Electrical Equipment Maintenance, Access 300+ codes online including the most current requirements and previous editions, © National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) 2020, National Fire Codes® Subscription Service, The value of Standards Development Organizations, Alternative Fuel Vehicles Safety Training, Spanish-language seminars in Latin America and Spain, Safety in living and entertainment spaces, Submit a Public Input for the Next Edition. Blowing equipment out with compressed air is likely to spread contamination and damage insulation. Arrange for maintenance when equipment is safely shut down and not in use. When electrical equipment is subject to a clean and dry environment, cleaning is required more frequently than if the environment is humid with a significant amount of dust and other foreign matter. The only way to be sure. Industrial Cleaning Procedures Maintenance, Carts, Closets, Equipment & Supplies 1 A. On many fridges, you get to the coils by removing the front grille. Loose hardware and debris should be removed from the enclosures. The facility must have a written plan for monitoring of all in-lab and HSAT patient-related equipment for electrical and mechanical safety. However, frequency is highly dependent on equipment conditions and operations. Allow sufficient time for drying after cleaning equipment with a liquid solvent or water! Accumulated dirt, oil, or grease might require a solvent to be removed. Determine the cleaning method by observing the type of contamination to be removed and the time allowed until the equipment needs to be returned to service.Sufficient dry time is required when using liquid solvents or water to clean electrical equipment. Included are 16 Annexes with helpful explanatory and recommended material. As with any internal combustion engine, proper maintenance is essential. In practice, a preventive maintenance program can be quite complex: there's a great deal of data to be collected and analyzed, and many competing tasks to schedule, prioritize and cost. Neglecting the maintenance of electrical equipment over a long period of time will inevitably lead to costly emergency repairs and equipment failures in addition to elevated safety and property risks. Rags can easily catch on edges other and sharp objects, which could damage small plastic or moving parts. Machine & Equipment Hazardss. Observe all material data sheets prior to using chemical cleaners. Often the equipment cannot be repaired and must be completely replaced. It is the opinion of the authors that OSHA drives this standard as well as the National Electrical Code (NEC) and NFPA 70E that deals with electrical safety. Maintaining electrical equipment safety The law requires electrical equipment to be maintained to prevent danger. Photo Credit: Andrew Barna, flickr (CC). The frequency of the activities should be based on actual conditions. Safety must not be compromised and some ground rules need to be followed first. General Rules in the Use of Cleaning Equipment  1. true NFPA 70E 225.3 requires a circuit breaker that has interrupted a fault approaching its interrupting rating to … Privacy Policy Check electrical appliances and equipment before use. Cleanliness. Check if there are frayed wires,  loose plugs ad connections. You should never start any home maintenance or repair work without proper preparation and safety tools. - cptam.com) While it is appreciated that breakdown of plant may result in costly interruption of normal building operation, it must also be borne in mind that stopping plant for maintenance can also cause a loss in production . Check electrical appliances and equipment before use. General Rules in the Use of Cleaning Equipment  1. A solid EPM program should include de-energized maintenance at least every three years on critical equipment, including the incoming electrical service from the utility. The written plan must include specific instructions regarding documentation of compliance in an equipment maintenance log. Cleaning, exercising, lubricating, relay testing and breaker testing are conducted during a de-energized state. Any electrical preventive maintenance program should be performed in accordance with accepted industry standards and safety practices. Substations and switchgear in an electrical system perform the functions of voltage transformation, system protection, power factor correction metering, and circuit switching. Keeping electrical equipment clean is an important part of any electrical preventive maintenance program, but using the wrong cleaning methods could be costly. 3) To store and protect the large investment of cleaning supplies and equipment, your hospital has cleaning closets equipped with hooks, racks, shelves, sinks, and other items located in each department or on each floor. An electrician can check your electric panel, replace damaged wires and test circuit breakers. You never know. Basic guidelines to control maintenance. licensed mechanic). Cleaning, exercising, lubricating, relay testing and breaker testing are conducted during a de-energized state. Sufficient dry time is required when using liquid solvents or water to clean electrical equipment. Then push a coil cleaning brush (sold at home centers) into the coils, pull it back and vacuum it clean. Wear the required personal protective equipment (PPE) such as goggles, gloves, aprons, and respirators when working with potentially hazardous solvents. New or unusual wear or loss of parts occurring after the cleaning can be detected during subsequent maintenance. Never use any appliance that is defective. Don't use waste rags when cleaning electrical equipment because lint will adhere to the insulation, acting as a further dirt-collecting agent, which can cause tracking. 1310. On many fridges, you get to the coils by removing the front grille. Check if there are frayed wires,  loose plugs ad connections. E-5 Equipment Maintenance & Procedures. Electrical equipment might require cleaning by nonconductive sandblasting. Use care to avoid damage to delicate parts. Observe all material data sheets prior to using chemical cleaners. A solid EPM program should include de-energized maintenance at least every three years on critical equipment, including the incoming electrical service from the utility. Don’t neglect your electrical distribution system. 1) Fire safety Electrical outlet load In these theoretical terms, preventive maintenance is a simple idea. Electrical Hazards – equipment that uses electricity as a power source is a potential electrocution hazard. Accumulated dirt, oil or grease might require liquid solvents or other alternative methods to be removed. Bonus: The clean coils will cool more efficiently and save you money on your utility bill! You can then focus on low-priority items that require less effort. Maintenance Practices and General Information for Federal Buildings ... state, federal guidelines and regulations must be adhered to with respect to documentation, handling and disposal of refrigerants. Never use any appliance that is defective. Insulation should be tested to determine whether it has been properly reconditioned before re-energizing equipment. Rule no. Materials Requirement Planning (MRP) a. Test Equipment 101: The Basics of Electrical Testing, Circuit Breaker Control Schematic Explained, Protective Relay Protection Element Tests, Capacitive Reactance - How to Solve Series and Parallel Capacitors, Cleaning Methods for Electrical Preventive Maintenance. Rule no. DANGER: Never attempt to clean electrical power equipment while its energized. Photo Credit: Wickens Dry Ice Blasting. Diesel Generator Routine General Inspection. In general, HSB recommends a frequency of once every three years for conducting regular preventive maintenance on electrical equipment. Preventive maintenance for general features including Lighting, Alarm Systems, Fire Extinguishers, Doors and Windows, and HVAC Systems also applies to this area. Electrical installations: inspection and maintenance Electrical installations: inspection and maintenance Standard EN/IEC 60079-17 covers factors directly related to the inspection and maintenance of electrical installations within hazardous areas only, where the hazard may be caused by flammable gases, vapours, mists, dusts, fibers or flyings. Electricity and water make a dangerous combination, so always keep electrical equipment away from rain and water. Amputation & Caught-in Hazard s – machine guards on equipment are installed to protect our employees from moving parts. Electrical equipment malfunctions and failures are responsible for million-dollar losses to facilities, industries, and businesses worldwide.  2. When working with electrical items, make sure to unplug the unit or turn off the power to the specific circuit. Maintaining electrical equipment only accounts for 5 percent of electrical incidents, as the equipment generally is de-energized to perform scheduled maintenance. NFPA 70B details preventive maintenance for electrical, electronic, and communication systems and equipment -- such as those used in industrial plants, institutional and commercial buildings, and large multi-family residential complexes -- to prevent equipment failures and worker injuries. If compressed air is used, protection should be provided against injury to workers' faces and eyes from flying debris and to their lungs from dust inhalation. Neglecting the maintenance of electrical equipment over a long period of time will inevitably lead to costly emergency repairs and equipment failures in addition to elevated safety and property risks. 1320. If the coils are located on the back, pull out your fridge to clean them. 1. Never use any appliance that is defective. checklist includes common cooking equipment and dining furniture. The use of compressed air should comply with OSHA regulations in 29 CFR 1910.242(b), "Hand and Portable Powered Tools and Other Hand Held Equipment," including limiting air pressure for such cleaning to less than a gauge pressure of 208.85 kPa (30 psi) and the provision of effective chip guarding and appropriate personal protective equipment. 3. Develop a tool storage system and instill its importance into your workers. When electrical equipment fails, particularly protective devices like circuit breakers or relays, there is usually subsequent damage to other components in the system. Readers are encouraged to refer to the complete man… But like many simple ideas, it can be challenging to make it a reality. Asbestos is a toxic substance subject to government regulations. Be smart and use our preventive maintenance checklist to keep your electrical … All personnel operating, inspecting, servicing or cleaning this equipment must be properly trained in operation and machine safety. Maintenance management of mechanical equipment includes repair, replacement and servicing of tools. Easy to check. Recommended Practice for Electrical Equipment Maintenance NFPA 70B details preventive maintenance for electrical, electronic, and communication systems and equipment -- such as those used in industrial plants, institutional and commercial buildings, and large multi-family residential complexes -- to prevent equipment failures and worker injuries. Cloth rags should be clean and free of oil, grease, and metallic deposits. Practice Test Question: Which relay is used to protect feeders? Sharpen your skills with our collection of quizzes on electrical safety, maintenance & testing of electrical equipment and industry standards. Primary Current Injection instantenous Pickup. If dirt interferes with a certain component, an entire production line can be shut down until the problem is identified. Disconnect the power source before servicing or repairing electrical equipment. Treat all electrical devices as if they are live or energized. Shot blasting should not be used. Make sure that dust or contamination is kept off high-voltage equipment. maintenance activities and frequencies should be based on the specific operations and conditions of the equipment. Insulation should be tested to determine whether it has been properly reconditioned before re-energizing equipment. When mopping, keep the mop bucket as far as practical from the switchgear to prevent damage from spillage. The basic guidelines regarding safe handling of electricity documented below will help you while working with electricity. 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