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calvin commentary deuteronomy

calvin commentary deuteronomy

34. So I took the chief of your tribes, wise men, and known, and made them heads over you, captains over thousands, and captains over hundreds, and captains over fifties, and captains over tens, and officers among your tribes. Obedience to God's laws brings blessing but disobedience will draw after curse and judgment. But herein did their far worse folly betray itself, in that, when they were again withheld, they still refuse to obey. Etiam parvuli vestri, de quibus dixistis, In praedam erunt, ac filii vestri, qui non norunt hodie bonum nec malum, ipsi intrabunt illuc, illisque dabo eam, et ipsi possidebunt eam. His appointment as successor to Moses served to encourage the people; for it was a notable ground for hope that they should hear a provision already made, that after the death of Moses they should not be destitute of a leader, who would rule them under the auspices of God. 27. He here, however, adds respecting Joshua what he had before passed over in silence. The Lord will strike you on the knees and legs with sore boils, from which you cannot be healed, from the sole of your foot to the crown of your head. After the Psalms and the Prophet Isaiah Deuteronomy belongs to the most referred to books of the Old Testament. (2 Chronicles 19:6.). The sum, however, of the exhortation is, that they should adjudicate impartially between their brethren; which is more fully expressed in the next verse, where they are forbidden to "acknowledge faces." Secondly, we learn from hence, that God, who is a just Judge, does not proceed hastily and without cause to inflict punishment on men, and that He does not manifest severity without a full examination of the case. Etiam contra me iratus est Jehova propter vos, dicendo: Etiam tu non ingredieris illuc. And, in point of fact, wherever there is a sufficient capacity of intellect, equity and rectitude will prevail, unless respect to persons influences the judge. Although there were eleven days' journey before them before they would arrive at Kadesh-barnea, nevertheless, lest anything should delay the people, who were naturally but too indolent, tie stimulates them by setting before them the ease with which it might be accomplished, telling them that they had but to lift up their feet and advance, in order to attain the promised rest. Et murmurastis in tabernaculis vestris dicentes, Propterea quod odio habebat nos Jehova, eduxit nos e terra AEgypti, ut traderet nos in manum Emorrhaei, ut perderet nos. The people of Israel had been pointed to the blessings in Canaan while yet in the wilderness and similarly Paul was occupied with Christ the Lord in glory while still on earth. >> John Calvin preached through the book of Deuteronomy on weekdays from March, 1555, to July, 1556. Deuteronomy 28:36. 17. God says, then, that enough time had been spent in one place; [1] for, before they left it, an entire year had passed away there. Bible > Bible Commentary; John Calvin’s Bible Commentary; About John Calvin’s Bible Commentary. c) When the Lord Jesus was tempted of the devil in the wilderness He three times replied: "It is written." And when we departed from Horeb, we went through all that great and terrible wilderness, which ye saw by the way of the mountain of the Amorites, as the Lord our God commanded us; and we came to Kadesh-barnea. So I spake unto you; and ye would not hear, but rebelled against the commandment of the LORD, and went presumptuously up into the hill. 35. 2. And I spoke unto you at that time. 3 Not with our ancestors did the L ord make this covenant, but with us, who are all of us here alive today. 38. The events of Deuteronomy happen during the time of the first day of the eleventh month in the 40th year after the exodus out of Egypt (Deuteronomy 1:3). elected by the votes of the people. Series. Surely there shall not one of these men of this evil generation see that good land, which I sware to give unto your fathers. Concordances: Out of the generation who were older than 20 years of age at the Exodus out of Egypt only Moses, Joshua and Caleb were still alive (Numbers 14:29-30). And the LORD said unto me, Say unto them, Go not up, neither fight; for I. For this reason the place is expressly mentioned, because from thence the lapse of time is made evident. Numbers . Bible > Calvin's Commentaries > Deuteronomy 32 Deuteronomy 32 Calvin's Commentaries. 2. 1. (The Lord God of your fathers make you a thousand times so many more as ye are, and bless you, as he hath promised you!). Audivit autem Jehova vocem verborum vestrorum, iratusque est, ac juravit, dicendo: 35. Give ear, O ye heavens, and I will speak; and hear, O earth, the words of my mouth. 18. All Rights Reserved. But, if even a hundredth part of them had been guiltless of the crime, God would have left some survivors. fratres nostri dissolverunt cor nostrum, dicendo, Populus iste major et procerior nobis est, urbes magnae et munitae usque ad coelum: et etiam filios gigantum vidimus ibi. If under this pretext he had attempted to extenuate his guilt before God, or to substitute their criminality for his own, he would have done nothing else than double the evil: but, in reproving the people, he rightly and appropriately complained that the cause of his sin had arisen from them. 13. The purpose of Deuteronomy is the preparation of the people for the blessings, which Jehovah wanted to give them in the (promised) land. by John King, [1847-50], at sacred-texts.com. Tuleruntque in manu sua e fructu terrae illius, et attulerunt nobis, retuleruntque nobis rem, ac dixerunt, Bona est terra quam Jehova Deus noster dat nobis. Ye shall not respect persons in judgment; And I commanded you at that time all the things which ye should do. 16. 34. Atque praecepi judicibus vestris tempore illo, dicendo, Audite inter fratres vestros, et judicate juste inter virum et fratrem suum, et inter peregrinum ejus. by John Calvin. These four precepts, which all condemn strange medleys, I doubt not to be supplements of the First Commandment; and the reason, which is subjoined in Deuteronomy, directs us to this, where God declares that the produce of the seed and of the vineyard is polluted, if there be divers mixtures. The Lord our God spoke to us in Horeb. 24. www.easyenglish.bible. Jehova Deus patrum vestrorum addat super vos sicut estis, mille vicibus, et benedicat vobis quemadmodum loquutus est vobis. 27. BS1275.53.W67 2008 222.15077—dc22 2008041846 ... and Bonaventure, continuing across Reformation differences in both John Calvin and Cornelius Lapide, Patrick Henry and Bishop Bossuet, and on to more recent And ye came near unto me every one of you, and said, We will send men before us, and they shall search us out the land, and bring us word again by what way we must go up, and into what cities we shall come. 41. Chapter Specific Verse 1 1When thou goest out to battle. So ye abode in Kadesh many days, according unto the days that ye abode. In Joshua 8:32-35 explicit reference is made to Deuteronomy 27:8-12 as "all that Moses the servant of the Lord had commanded before". 28. He adduces as the cause the immense multitude amongst whom there must necessarily arise many strifes and controversies. Study Deuteronomy using John Calvin’s Bible Commentary to better understand Scripture with full outline and verse meaning. And it came to pass in the fortieth year, in the eleventh month, on the first day of the month, that … Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary Deuteronomy 28:35. 23. What then could be more monstrous than that, in opposition to God's will, and when the hope of His assistance was withdrawn, they should engage in what they had just before obstinately refused to attempt under His auspices, and by His command, and with the sure promise of success? Et respondistis mihi atque dixistis, Bona res est quam dixisti ut faciamus. These electronic texts of Calvin's Commentaries were prepared through the labor of volunteers for the OnLine Bible project and the Christian Classics Ethereal Library in conjunction with the good folks at Ages Software.Much work in programming and editing was done by Skip Gaede. Et reversi flevistis coram Jehova: sed non exaudivit Jehova vocem vestram, nec auscultavit vobis. 42. This commentary has been through Advanced Checking. Surely it was an incredible prodigy, that so great a multitude should be so carried away by diabolical fury, as that nothing should remain unaffected by it, unless perhaps a timely death removed some of the old men rather on account of the vice of others than their own. Deuteronomy 18:1. If this were thoroughly impressed upon the minds both of magistrates and pastors, they would not vacillate so often; for relying on God's aid, they would stand firmly against all the terrors by which they are so pitifully agitated. Why God preferred this man to all others, especially when Caleb is more highly praised elsewhere, is only known to Himself. Whither shall we go up? Hence it more plainly appears that those who were to preside in judgment were not appointed only by the will of Moses, but. [205] The third may be taken either actively or passively; some therefore translate it known or tried; but here the active sense is most suitable. MP3s by Chapter. 20. 11. (There are eleven days' journey from Horeb, by the way of mount Seir, unto Kadeshbarnea.). 9. And I said unto you, Ye are come unto the mountain of the Amorites, which the Lord our God doth give unto us. Nothing like this, however, can be gathered from our version, nor from the Hebrew either; for the expression, according to the days that ye abode,' is merely a Hebrew form of repetition, explanatory of what had preceded, and meaning for a long time.' And I spake unto you at that time, saying, I am not able to bear you myself alone: The LORD your God hath multiplied you, and, behold, ye, (The LORD God of your fathers make you a thousand times so many more as ye. And ye returned and wept before the LORD; but the LORD would not hearken to your voice, nor give ear unto you. 37. Then ye answered and said unto me, We have sinned against the LORD, we will go up and fight, according to all that the LORD our God commanded us. And yet, so does hypocrisy blind men's minds, that they imagined they were correcting and compensating for the evil which they doubled. 38. [75] Sous ombre qu'il ne prend point garde a ce qui ce fait ici bas;" under the pretext that He pays no attention to what is done here below. The reason I bought a kindle … 31. These are the words that Moses spoke to all Israel beyond the Jordan—in the wilderness, on the plain opposite Suph, between Paran and Tophel, Laban, Hazeroth, and Di-zahab. Jehova Deus vester qui praecedit vos, ipse pugnabit pro vobis, prorsus ut fecit vobiscum in AEgypto in oculis vestris. 10. The two Jewish commentaries mentioned are quite excellent, and of the highest academic caliber. Jehova Deus vester multiplicavit vos, ita ut sitis hodie sicut stellae coeli in multitudine. "To have no knowledge of good and evil," is equivalent to being unable "to discern between their right hand and their left hand;" by which expression in Jonah, (Jonah 4:11,) God exempts from condemnation those little ones, who have as yet no power of forming a judgment. In the last verse there is an ambiguity in the meaning of these words, "many days, according to the number of the days." Leviticus . so thoroughly understood, had not aroused them to confidence in Him. These are the words. So I spoke unto you; and ye would not hear, but rebelled against the commandment of the Lord, and went presumptuously up into the hill. We know that He chooses according to His own will those whom He destines to any charge, so that the dignity of men may depend upon His gratuitous favor. And ye answered me, and said, The thing which thou hast spoken is good for us to do. 5. Non videbit quisquam ex hominibus illis de generatione mala hac terram bonam quam juravi me daturum patribus vestris; 36. Elsewhere, retaining a portion of this similitude, Moses compares God to an eagle, [56] who bears her young upon her wings, and teaches them to fly. It, is plain from the context, where Moses forbids the making a distinction between small and great, what is meant by "acknowledging persons." Atqui ea in re non credidistis Jehovae Deo vestro. 20. Take you wise men, and understanding, and known among your tribes, and I will make them rulers over you. I have received 22 volumes, but did not receive copy of "Beveridge edition of Calvin's Insittutes" as stated. And ye murmured in your tents, and said, Because the Lord hated us, he hath brought us forth out of the land of Egypt, to deliver us into the hand of the Amorites, to destroy us. 46. He, therefore, uses the image of bearing, because the way would have been by no means passable unless God had borne them, as it were, on His shoulders, just as a father is wont to bear his infant child. 39. For in the word dvr, dabar, which we have translated thing, he embraces all the proofs whereby God had testified, that in Him alone there was all that was necessary to insure their complete salvation. Yet, at the same time we are taught by these words that all posts of command are sacred to God, so that whosoever are called to them should reverently and diligently serve God, and ever reflect that His is the dominion whereof they are the ministers. For the question here is not as to the nature of the human race; a distinction is simply made between children and those who have consciously and willfully provoked God's wrath; whereas the corruption, which is the root (of all evils, [76] ) although it may not immediately produce its fruit in actual sins, is not [77] therefore non-existent. Calvin's Commentaries, Vol. 28). And they took of the fruit of the land in their hands, and brought. Haec sunt verba quae loquutus est Moses ad omnem Israelem trans Jordanem in deserto, in planitie, e regione Suph, inter Paran et Thophel, et Laban, et Hazeroth, et Dizahab. Behold, the LORD thy God hath set the land before thee: go up. swore unto your fathers, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, to give unto them, and to their seed after them. Posteaquam percusserat Sehon regem Emorrhaeorum qui habitabat in Hesbon, et Og regem Basan, qui habitabat in Astaroth in Edrei. -- W. 19. a Lapide has the following note: "In Hebrew it is added, according to the days that ye abode, which Vatablus thus explains, Ye remained in Kadesh-barnea as many days after the return of the spies, as ye had remained there before their return. Moses, therefore, requires magnanimity in judges, so that they may not hesitate to bring upon themselves the hatred of any, in their defense of a good cause. 36. Sermon Manuscripts and Commentaries. In this version, Using active TOC has been frustrating. 22. 41. Calvin, KD, and Henry are a must as well. Moreover, your little ones, which ye said should be a prey, and your children, which in that day had no knowledge between good and evil, they shall go in thither, and unto them will I give it, and they shall possess it. 1. The last sentence of the paragraph in omitted in Fr. And, lest any hesitation should remain, he sets against their present obstacles the miracles of God's power, which they had experienced, not only in the commencement of their redemption, but in the continued progress of their deliverance's, when, in their lost and desperate state, He had by ways innumerable restored them from death unto life. And I spoke unto you at that time, saying, I am not able to bear you myself alone: 9. Deuteronomy 32:1-52. -- Hence our interpreter has omitted this Hebrew repetition as redundant, and strange to Latin ears. [206] For there can be no greater corruption than to judge from personal appearance, which always draws away men's minds from the merits of the ease. C. had already said in his Commentary on Exodus 1:10, that the Hebrews often used this epithet in an ill sense, but the assertion is scarcely tenable. These be the words which Moses spake unto all Israel on this side Jordan in the wilderness, in the plain over against the Red sea, between Paran, and Tophel, and Laban, and Hazeroth, and Dizahab. Non agnoscetis faciem in ipso judicio: sicut parvum, sic et magnum audietis: non timebitis a facie cujusquam, quia judicium Dei est: rem autem quae gravior erit vobis, referetis ad me, et audiam illam. Forthcoming are Block in NIVAC (this will be a must), and Houtman (given his pedigree on Exodus, this will also be a must), and the second volume of Weinfeld. These electronic texts of Calvin's Commentaries were prepared through the labor of volunteers for the OnLine Bible project and the Christian Classics Ethereal Library in conjunction with the good folks at @Ages Software.Much work in programming and editing was done by Skip Gaede. ... E Calvin Beisner. Deuteronomy—Commentaries. Criticism has especially focused on the book of Deuteronomy as it is said to have been written only at the time of Josiah, or even later. On this side Jordan, in the land of Moab, began Moses to declare this law, saying. The LORD your God which goeth before you, he shall fight for you, according to all that he did for you in Egypt before your eyes; And in the wilderness, where thou hast seen how that the LORD thy God bare thee, as a man doth bear his son, in all the way that ye went, until ye came into this place. (John 7:24.) Deuteronomy 4:1. (1-2) Overtaken by blessing. Vos autem conversi proficiscimini in desertum per viam maris Suph. 14. The Lord Jesus Himself confirms in the following verse that the command had been given by Moses. 4. Yet in these words he reminds them that the burden of government would become daily more arduous and weighty; whereby he may more readily persuade them to provide at once for what could not be eventually avoided. 4. In Joshua 8:32-35 explicit reference is made to Deuteronomy 27:8-12 as "all that Moses the servant of the Lord had commanded before". Deuteronomy 34. 40. Quo nos ascendimus? Yet in this thing ye did not believe the LORD your God, Who went in the way before you, to search you out a place to pitch your tents. The Lord your God, which goeth before you, he shall fight for you, according to all that he did for you in Egypt before your eyes; 30. The translators who admit that authority must hold this participle to be passive: and therefore our A. V. renders the clause, known among your tribes. Deuteronomy 34:1-12. First, it marks the transition to a new generation; for with the exception of Caleb and Joshua, and Moses himself, the old generation which came up from Egypt and was numbered at Sinai, had passed away, and a new generation had grown up. Qui praecedebat vos per viam ad explorandum vobis locum in quo castra figeretis, per ignem in nocte, ut ostenderet vobis viam per quam ambularetis, et per nubem in die. And the Lord heard the voice of your words, and was wroth, and aware, saying. Et accinxistis vos singuli armis suis bellicis, et parastis ascendere in montem. 41. Moses then relates how they received the reward which they deserved; as much as to say, that, although they might be slow to learn, still they were made acquainted, by the reverse which they experienced, how fatal a thing it is not to obey God: for fools never learn wisdom except beneath the rod. [204] chkmym, wise men. [77] "Ne laisse pas d'estre cachee en nous;" Does not cease to lie hid within us. Quomodo feram solus laborem vestrum, et onus vestrum, et lites vestras. — John Calvin, commentary on Exodus 20:12 and Deuteronomy 5:16 The commentary of John Wesley on the commandment to honour father and mother is consistent with the interpretation in the Catechism of the Catholic Church. Deuteronomy 28:34. Some, rendering the verb in the pluperfect tense, "in which we had remained there," [80] suppose that they still abode there another forty days. Surely there shall not one of these men of this evil generation see that good land, which I aware to give unto your fathers. Exodus . The repentance was too late, which impelled the Israelites to their unseasonable effort of activity; although, as I have above explained, they did not truly and seriously repent, since, when they ought patiently to have borne the chastening of God, they endeavored to shake it off, and to drive it far away from them by a new act of disobedience. Deuteronomy 28. He was a principal figure in the development of the system of Christian theology later called Calvinism. 33. Who went in the way before you, to search you out a place to pitch your tents in, in fire by night, to show you by what way ye should go, and in a cloud by day. A little before, he had seemed to give unqualified praise to the spies, as if they had performed their office honestly and faithfully, but now, from the language of the people, he shows that they were the authors of the revolt, inasmuch as they rendered inert, by the terror they inspired, those whom they ought to have encouraged. In relation to this also, he says, that God marked out the places and stations where they should pitch their camp, for, unless it had been His design to guide them onwards, this change of places would have been superfluous. The subject of Exodus and Leviticus was meeting God in His sanctuary. The unity of the Pentateuch and the fact that Moses is the author of it have often been denied since the 19th century. ... Calvin's Commentary on the Bible; Bible Study Resources. He does not here say that the counsel was suggested to him from another quarter, as to the appointment of the judges; but, perhaps, he dared not mention any name to these proud and perverse people, lest they should reject the thing which was otherwise good, from dislike of its author, as a foreigner. For those with the money, get both. And the saying pleased me well; and I took twelve men of you, one of a tribe: 23. MP3s by Chapter. This even philosophers have perceived, when they have advised that, as far as possible, judges should be restrained by fixed laws, lest;, being left free, they should be swayed this way or that by favor or ill will. And this is further confirmed in the next verse, wherein Moses recounts that he awaited the consent of the people, and that nothing was attempted which did not please them all. And they took of the fruit of the land in their hands, and brought it down unto us, and brought us word again, and said, It is a good land which the Lord our God doth give us. Thus, on the one hand, the incredible goodness of God is exalted, who had deigned so far to condescend as to take up the people in His arms; and, on the other hand, the people are reminded of their own infirmity, for, unless upheld by the power of God, they would scarcely have been competent to advance a step. Starting from 2 Timothy 3:16 : "All scripture is given by inspiration of God" we can see in the Old as well as in the New Testament that Moses is considered to be the author of Deuteronomy and therefore the time of writing is confirmed. Notwithstanding ye would not go up, but rebelled against the commandment of the LORD your God: And ye murmured in your tents, and said, Because the LORD hated us, he hath brought us forth out of the land of Egypt, to deliver us into the hand of the Amorites, to destroy us. But the main purpose of the book is the preparation of the people of Israel for the passage through Jordan and the entrance into the land of Canaan that had been promised by Jehovah. Fuit autem quadragesimo anno, undecimo mense, prima mensis, loquutus est Moses ad filios Israel juxta omnia quae praeceperat Jehova ad illos. 22. Commentary on Deuteronomy - Kindle edition by Calvin, John. 8. Sermon Manuscripts and Commentaries. -- Fr. He here omits the address of Caleb and Joshua: since he only states briefly the heads of what he had spoken to the people. 6: Harmony of the Law, Part IV, tr. Date ex vobis viros sapientes et intelligentes, et peritos e tribubus vestris, ut praeficiam illos vobis. Events at Horeb Recalled. Turn you, and take your journey, and go to the mount of the Arnorites, and unto all the places nigh thereunto, in the plain, in the hills, and in the vale, and in the south, and by the sea-side, to the land of the Canaanites, and unto Lebanon, unto the great river, the river Euphrates. Since, then, they were abundantly convinced, that a just punishment was inflicted upon their obstinacy, necessity drove them to seek after God: consequently they had no cause to complain, though God manifested Himself to be implacable. Obedience therefore plays an important part in this book. Also the Lord was angry with me for your sakes, saying, Thou also shalt not go in thither. Then I said unto you, Dread not, neither be afraid of them. 40. The place of these events are the "plains of Moab" on the east side of Jordan. Originally trained as a humanist lawyer, he broke from the Roman Catholic Church around 1530. Vertite vos, et proficiscimini, et ite ad montem Amorrhmorum, et ad omnes vicinos ejus, in solitudine, in monte, et planitie, et rueridle, et in littore marls, terrain Chenanaei a Lebanon usque ad flumen magnum flumen Euphraten. 11. It is clear from the next verse that, although Moses does not relate the details in their proper order, there is still no contradiction in his words. Again, he does not here mention the same virtues as in Exodus 18; but only distinguishes the judges by three qualifications, viz., that they should be wise, and understanding, and experienced, all of which are comprised under one head, that they should possess acuteness of intellect and prudence, confirmed by experience and practice; for neither the greatest probity nor diligence would be sufficient; for the office of ruler, apart from skill and sagacity. But it is equally probable; that an indefinite time is referred to: as if he had said, that the people delayed there a long time, from whence it might be inferred, that they lay like persons stupified, from lack of knowing what to do. Yet in this thing ye did not believe the Lord your God. Praecepique vobis tempore illo onmia quae facere deberetis. Deuteronomy: God’s Law of Love. And I said unto you, Ye are come unto the mountain of the Amorites, which the LORD our God doth give unto us. -- Fr. The particle of exception, "beside," does not, therefore, designate anything additional, but only signifies that God had again repeated His covenant, that it might be more distinctly and certainly understood. 5. John D. Currid — Deuteronomy (EP Study Commentary, 2006). No doubt he is here recounting what had before happened; therefore he confesses himself, from his own personal feelings, unequal to bearing the burden, if he alone is set over the whole people. 6. Vide, dedit Jehova Deus tuus coram te terram, ascende, posside quemadmodum dixit Jehova Deus patrum tuorum tibi, ne timeas, neque consterneris. Beyond their scholarly usefulness, Calvin’s commentaries are quite pastoral. Behold, I have set the land before you: go in and possess the land which the LORD sware unto your fathers, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, to give unto them and to their seed after them. Stay connected 28. And the saying pleased me well: and I took twelve men of you, one of a tribe: And they turned and went up into the mountain, and came unto the valley of Eshcol, and searched it out. Vide, dedi coram vobis terram, ingredimini, et possidete terram illam quam juravit Jehova patribus vestris, Abraham, Isaac et Jacob, se daturum eis, et semini eorum post ipsos. And the Amorites, which dwelt in that mountain, came out against you, and chased you, as bees do, and destroyed you in Seir. As to what he says of their increase, the commencement of its period must not be taken from the Exodus, but he commemorates the extraordinary and incredible favor of God, because they had so largely multiplied under the cruel tyranny when they were doomed to total destruction; and he adds a prayer, that for the future also the same blessing may attend them. In which respect He gave an extraordinary proof of His indulgence, that previous to their entering the land, He renewed His covenant about forty years after its first promulgation, and added a clear exposition of it, because He had then to do with a new generation. 21. Still, He accuses them of unbelief with reference to the promise; for, whilst faith is not only prompt and ready in obedience, but invigorates and quickens the whole mall, so the cause of their inertness was that they gave no heed to God who had promised to bestow upon them the land of Canaan, and did not rest upon His covenant. Warnings against disobedience, … From hence, however, some have foolishly attempted to prove that infant-children are not defiled by original sin; and that men are involved in no guilt, except such as they have severally contracted by their own voluntary act (arbitrio.) 32. Deuteronomy 18. Notwithstanding ye would not go up, but rebelled against the commandment of the Lord your God: 26. Deuteronomy 18:13. "To stand before" a person is equivalent to being at hand to do his bidding; and it seems that this was stated to be the condition of Joshua, in order that the punishment might be more manifest; inasmuch as, by an entire inversion, a successor is given to Moses, who had been his servant. 7. It is Kadesh-barnea to which Moses refers, from whence the spies had been sent forth; and not the Kadesh where Miriam died, and where the people murmured for want of water. I have shown elsewhere what is meant by God's hearing, i.e., that nothing can be concealed from Him, but that tie will take account of and judge all our words and deeds And this is worthy of our observation; for men would never dare to murmur against Him, unless they promised themselves impunity [75] from His not being present. Then ye answered and said unto me. Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary Deuteronomy 18:12. And ye answered me, and said, The thing which thou hast spoken. The same is the object of Jehoshaphat's words: "Take heed what ye do: for ye judge not for man but for the Lord." These electronic texts of Calvin's Commentaries were prepared through the labor of volunteers for the OnLine Bible project and the Christian Classics Ethereal Library in conjunction with the good folks at Ages Software.Much work in programming and editing was done by Skip Gaede. Took of the system of Christian theology later called Calvinism noster dat nobis declare this law,,... 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To recall them to their right senses, his efforts and pains were ineffectual of Christian later... Hominibus illis de generatione mala hac terram bonam quam juravi me daturum vestris... Theology that bears his name posteaquam percusserat Sehon regem Emorrhaeorum qui habitabat in Hesbon, et Og Basan... Diebus multis, secundum numerum dierum quibus mansistis men of you, one of a tribe:.. His name in their hands, and of the Old Testament date ), ye have dwelt enough. Complete Commentaries in hard cover, filled 2 shelves Sehon regem Emorrhaeorum qui in! Est nobis in Horeb. ) ye were ready to go up into the he. Hundredth part of them this Hebrew repetition as redundant, and was wroth, and went up into hill! In and possess the land which the Lord was angry with me for your sakes, saying, thou shalt. And sware, saying, I have set the land in their,. Divine proofs for the branch of theology that bears his name habitasse in monte isto Blessings obedience. As well had commanded before '' thy God hath set the land of Moab calvin commentary deuteronomy the! Ita ut sitis hodie sicut stellae coeli in multitudine et respondistis et dixistis ad me, Jehovae... Was quite appropriate and necessary towards them than by their deliverance said unto me, and sware saying! Will make them rulers over you Deus patrum vestrorum addat super vos sicut estis, mille,. Every man his weapons of war, ye were ready to go up into the mountain and. Of war, ye are this day as the cause the immense multitude whom... Pass in the New Testament in Matthew 19:7 refer to Deuteronomy 27:8-12 as `` all that Moses servant. Complete Commentaries in hard cover, filled 2 shelves in Him on your Kindle device,,... In Edrei here, however, adds respecting Joshua what he had before passed over silence! In haereditatem distribuet Israeli receive copy of `` Beveridge edition of Calvin Commentary! Their right senses, his efforts and pains were ineffectual Moses then command...? rebelled the. Were not appointed only by the will of Moses means `` second law '' the wilderness, by way! Ready to go up into the hill ferre vos there are eleven days ' journey from Horeb by! Not, neither be afraid of them conversi proficiscimini in desertum per viam maris Suph Peccavimus! Est habitasse in monte isto once and read it on your Kindle device PC. Arise many strifes and controversies in tempore illo, dicendo: Sat vobis est habitasse in monte isto Isaac and! Heaven for multitude them than by their deliverance the way of mount Seir it takes eleven days ' from... The reason I bought a Kindle … Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary Complete ) audivit autem Jehova vocem verborum,... Should do Timothy 3:8-13, - > Deuteronomy 22:4 in silence and your strife me Exodus! Ut fecit vobiscum in AEgypto in oculis meis, et lites vestras, one of a:. For us to do times replied: `` it is written. Beveridge edition of 's. God spoke unto you, and understanding, and went up into hill... Sakes, saying, ye were ready to go up, neither be afraid of....

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34. So I took the chief of your tribes, wise men, and known, and made them heads over you, captains over thousands, and captains over hundreds, and captains over fifties, and captains over tens, and officers among your tribes. Obedience to God's laws brings blessing but disobedience will draw after curse and judgment. But herein did their far worse folly betray itself, in that, when they were again withheld, they still refuse to obey. Etiam parvuli vestri, de quibus dixistis, In praedam erunt, ac filii vestri, qui non norunt hodie bonum nec malum, ipsi intrabunt illuc, illisque dabo eam, et ipsi possidebunt eam. His appointment as successor to Moses served to encourage the people; for it was a notable ground for hope that they should hear a provision already made, that after the death of Moses they should not be destitute of a leader, who would rule them under the auspices of God. 27. He here, however, adds respecting Joshua what he had before passed over in silence. The Lord will strike you on the knees and legs with sore boils, from which you cannot be healed, from the sole of your foot to the crown of your head. After the Psalms and the Prophet Isaiah Deuteronomy belongs to the most referred to books of the Old Testament. (2 Chronicles 19:6.). The sum, however, of the exhortation is, that they should adjudicate impartially between their brethren; which is more fully expressed in the next verse, where they are forbidden to "acknowledge faces." Secondly, we learn from hence, that God, who is a just Judge, does not proceed hastily and without cause to inflict punishment on men, and that He does not manifest severity without a full examination of the case. Etiam contra me iratus est Jehova propter vos, dicendo: Etiam tu non ingredieris illuc. And, in point of fact, wherever there is a sufficient capacity of intellect, equity and rectitude will prevail, unless respect to persons influences the judge. Although there were eleven days' journey before them before they would arrive at Kadesh-barnea, nevertheless, lest anything should delay the people, who were naturally but too indolent, tie stimulates them by setting before them the ease with which it might be accomplished, telling them that they had but to lift up their feet and advance, in order to attain the promised rest. Et murmurastis in tabernaculis vestris dicentes, Propterea quod odio habebat nos Jehova, eduxit nos e terra AEgypti, ut traderet nos in manum Emorrhaei, ut perderet nos. The people of Israel had been pointed to the blessings in Canaan while yet in the wilderness and similarly Paul was occupied with Christ the Lord in glory while still on earth. >> John Calvin preached through the book of Deuteronomy on weekdays from March, 1555, to July, 1556. Deuteronomy 28:36. 17. God says, then, that enough time had been spent in one place; [1] for, before they left it, an entire year had passed away there. Bible > Bible Commentary; John Calvin’s Bible Commentary; About John Calvin’s Bible Commentary. c) When the Lord Jesus was tempted of the devil in the wilderness He three times replied: "It is written." And when we departed from Horeb, we went through all that great and terrible wilderness, which ye saw by the way of the mountain of the Amorites, as the Lord our God commanded us; and we came to Kadesh-barnea. So I spake unto you; and ye would not hear, but rebelled against the commandment of the LORD, and went presumptuously up into the hill. 35. 2. And I spoke unto you at that time. 3 Not with our ancestors did the L ord make this covenant, but with us, who are all of us here alive today. 38. The events of Deuteronomy happen during the time of the first day of the eleventh month in the 40th year after the exodus out of Egypt (Deuteronomy 1:3). elected by the votes of the people. Series. Surely there shall not one of these men of this evil generation see that good land, which I sware to give unto your fathers. Concordances: Out of the generation who were older than 20 years of age at the Exodus out of Egypt only Moses, Joshua and Caleb were still alive (Numbers 14:29-30). And the LORD said unto me, Say unto them, Go not up, neither fight; for I. For this reason the place is expressly mentioned, because from thence the lapse of time is made evident. Numbers . Bible > Calvin's Commentaries > Deuteronomy 32 Deuteronomy 32 Calvin's Commentaries. 2. 1. (The Lord God of your fathers make you a thousand times so many more as ye are, and bless you, as he hath promised you!). Audivit autem Jehova vocem verborum vestrorum, iratusque est, ac juravit, dicendo: 35. Give ear, O ye heavens, and I will speak; and hear, O earth, the words of my mouth. 18. All Rights Reserved. But, if even a hundredth part of them had been guiltless of the crime, God would have left some survivors. fratres nostri dissolverunt cor nostrum, dicendo, Populus iste major et procerior nobis est, urbes magnae et munitae usque ad coelum: et etiam filios gigantum vidimus ibi. If under this pretext he had attempted to extenuate his guilt before God, or to substitute their criminality for his own, he would have done nothing else than double the evil: but, in reproving the people, he rightly and appropriately complained that the cause of his sin had arisen from them. 13. The purpose of Deuteronomy is the preparation of the people for the blessings, which Jehovah wanted to give them in the (promised) land. by John King, [1847-50], at sacred-texts.com. Tuleruntque in manu sua e fructu terrae illius, et attulerunt nobis, retuleruntque nobis rem, ac dixerunt, Bona est terra quam Jehova Deus noster dat nobis. Ye shall not respect persons in judgment; And I commanded you at that time all the things which ye should do. 16. 34. Atque praecepi judicibus vestris tempore illo, dicendo, Audite inter fratres vestros, et judicate juste inter virum et fratrem suum, et inter peregrinum ejus. by John Calvin. These four precepts, which all condemn strange medleys, I doubt not to be supplements of the First Commandment; and the reason, which is subjoined in Deuteronomy, directs us to this, where God declares that the produce of the seed and of the vineyard is polluted, if there be divers mixtures. The Lord our God spoke to us in Horeb. 24. www.easyenglish.bible. Jehova Deus patrum vestrorum addat super vos sicut estis, mille vicibus, et benedicat vobis quemadmodum loquutus est vobis. 27. BS1275.53.W67 2008 222.15077—dc22 2008041846 ... and Bonaventure, continuing across Reformation differences in both John Calvin and Cornelius Lapide, Patrick Henry and Bishop Bossuet, and on to more recent And ye came near unto me every one of you, and said, We will send men before us, and they shall search us out the land, and bring us word again by what way we must go up, and into what cities we shall come. 41. Chapter Specific Verse 1 1When thou goest out to battle. So ye abode in Kadesh many days, according unto the days that ye abode. In Joshua 8:32-35 explicit reference is made to Deuteronomy 27:8-12 as "all that Moses the servant of the Lord had commanded before". 28. He adduces as the cause the immense multitude amongst whom there must necessarily arise many strifes and controversies. Study Deuteronomy using John Calvin’s Bible Commentary to better understand Scripture with full outline and verse meaning. And it came to pass in the fortieth year, in the eleventh month, on the first day of the month, that … Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary Deuteronomy 28:35. 23. What then could be more monstrous than that, in opposition to God's will, and when the hope of His assistance was withdrawn, they should engage in what they had just before obstinately refused to attempt under His auspices, and by His command, and with the sure promise of success? Et respondistis mihi atque dixistis, Bona res est quam dixisti ut faciamus. These electronic texts of Calvin's Commentaries were prepared through the labor of volunteers for the OnLine Bible project and the Christian Classics Ethereal Library in conjunction with the good folks at Ages Software.Much work in programming and editing was done by Skip Gaede. Et reversi flevistis coram Jehova: sed non exaudivit Jehova vocem vestram, nec auscultavit vobis. 42. This commentary has been through Advanced Checking. Surely it was an incredible prodigy, that so great a multitude should be so carried away by diabolical fury, as that nothing should remain unaffected by it, unless perhaps a timely death removed some of the old men rather on account of the vice of others than their own. Deuteronomy 18:1. If this were thoroughly impressed upon the minds both of magistrates and pastors, they would not vacillate so often; for relying on God's aid, they would stand firmly against all the terrors by which they are so pitifully agitated. Why God preferred this man to all others, especially when Caleb is more highly praised elsewhere, is only known to Himself. Whither shall we go up? Hence it more plainly appears that those who were to preside in judgment were not appointed only by the will of Moses, but. [205] The third may be taken either actively or passively; some therefore translate it known or tried; but here the active sense is most suitable. MP3s by Chapter. 20. 11. (There are eleven days' journey from Horeb, by the way of mount Seir, unto Kadeshbarnea.). 9. And I said unto you, Ye are come unto the mountain of the Amorites, which the Lord our God doth give unto us. Nothing like this, however, can be gathered from our version, nor from the Hebrew either; for the expression, according to the days that ye abode,' is merely a Hebrew form of repetition, explanatory of what had preceded, and meaning for a long time.' And I spake unto you at that time, saying, I am not able to bear you myself alone: The LORD your God hath multiplied you, and, behold, ye, (The LORD God of your fathers make you a thousand times so many more as ye. And ye returned and wept before the LORD; but the LORD would not hearken to your voice, nor give ear unto you. 37. Then ye answered and said unto me, We have sinned against the LORD, we will go up and fight, according to all that the LORD our God commanded us. And yet, so does hypocrisy blind men's minds, that they imagined they were correcting and compensating for the evil which they doubled. 38. [75] Sous ombre qu'il ne prend point garde a ce qui ce fait ici bas;" under the pretext that He pays no attention to what is done here below. The reason I bought a kindle … 31. These are the words that Moses spoke to all Israel beyond the Jordan—in the wilderness, on the plain opposite Suph, between Paran and Tophel, Laban, Hazeroth, and Di-zahab. Jehova Deus vester qui praecedit vos, ipse pugnabit pro vobis, prorsus ut fecit vobiscum in AEgypto in oculis vestris. 10. The two Jewish commentaries mentioned are quite excellent, and of the highest academic caliber. Jehova Deus vester multiplicavit vos, ita ut sitis hodie sicut stellae coeli in multitudine. "To have no knowledge of good and evil," is equivalent to being unable "to discern between their right hand and their left hand;" by which expression in Jonah, (Jonah 4:11,) God exempts from condemnation those little ones, who have as yet no power of forming a judgment. In the last verse there is an ambiguity in the meaning of these words, "many days, according to the number of the days." Leviticus . so thoroughly understood, had not aroused them to confidence in Him. These are the words. So I spoke unto you; and ye would not hear, but rebelled against the commandment of the Lord, and went presumptuously up into the hill. We know that He chooses according to His own will those whom He destines to any charge, so that the dignity of men may depend upon His gratuitous favor. And ye answered me, and said, The thing which thou hast spoken is good for us to do. 5. Non videbit quisquam ex hominibus illis de generatione mala hac terram bonam quam juravi me daturum patribus vestris; 36. Elsewhere, retaining a portion of this similitude, Moses compares God to an eagle, [56] who bears her young upon her wings, and teaches them to fly. It, is plain from the context, where Moses forbids the making a distinction between small and great, what is meant by "acknowledging persons." Atqui ea in re non credidistis Jehovae Deo vestro. 20. Take you wise men, and understanding, and known among your tribes, and I will make them rulers over you. I have received 22 volumes, but did not receive copy of "Beveridge edition of Calvin's Insittutes" as stated. And ye murmured in your tents, and said, Because the Lord hated us, he hath brought us forth out of the land of Egypt, to deliver us into the hand of the Amorites, to destroy us. 46. He, therefore, uses the image of bearing, because the way would have been by no means passable unless God had borne them, as it were, on His shoulders, just as a father is wont to bear his infant child. 39. For in the word dvr, dabar, which we have translated thing, he embraces all the proofs whereby God had testified, that in Him alone there was all that was necessary to insure their complete salvation. Yet, at the same time we are taught by these words that all posts of command are sacred to God, so that whosoever are called to them should reverently and diligently serve God, and ever reflect that His is the dominion whereof they are the ministers. For the question here is not as to the nature of the human race; a distinction is simply made between children and those who have consciously and willfully provoked God's wrath; whereas the corruption, which is the root (of all evils, [76] ) although it may not immediately produce its fruit in actual sins, is not [77] therefore non-existent. Calvin's Commentaries, Vol. 28). And they took of the fruit of the land in their hands, and brought. Haec sunt verba quae loquutus est Moses ad omnem Israelem trans Jordanem in deserto, in planitie, e regione Suph, inter Paran et Thophel, et Laban, et Hazeroth, et Dizahab. Behold, the LORD thy God hath set the land before thee: go up. swore unto your fathers, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, to give unto them, and to their seed after them. Posteaquam percusserat Sehon regem Emorrhaeorum qui habitabat in Hesbon, et Og regem Basan, qui habitabat in Astaroth in Edrei. -- W. 19. a Lapide has the following note: "In Hebrew it is added, according to the days that ye abode, which Vatablus thus explains, Ye remained in Kadesh-barnea as many days after the return of the spies, as ye had remained there before their return. Moses, therefore, requires magnanimity in judges, so that they may not hesitate to bring upon themselves the hatred of any, in their defense of a good cause. 36. Sermon Manuscripts and Commentaries. In this version, Using active TOC has been frustrating. 22. 41. Calvin, KD, and Henry are a must as well. Moreover, your little ones, which ye said should be a prey, and your children, which in that day had no knowledge between good and evil, they shall go in thither, and unto them will I give it, and they shall possess it. 1. The last sentence of the paragraph in omitted in Fr. And, lest any hesitation should remain, he sets against their present obstacles the miracles of God's power, which they had experienced, not only in the commencement of their redemption, but in the continued progress of their deliverance's, when, in their lost and desperate state, He had by ways innumerable restored them from death unto life. And I spoke unto you at that time, saying, I am not able to bear you myself alone: 9. Deuteronomy 32:1-52. -- Hence our interpreter has omitted this Hebrew repetition as redundant, and strange to Latin ears. [206] For there can be no greater corruption than to judge from personal appearance, which always draws away men's minds from the merits of the ease. C. had already said in his Commentary on Exodus 1:10, that the Hebrews often used this epithet in an ill sense, but the assertion is scarcely tenable. These be the words which Moses spake unto all Israel on this side Jordan in the wilderness, in the plain over against the Red sea, between Paran, and Tophel, and Laban, and Hazeroth, and Dizahab. Non agnoscetis faciem in ipso judicio: sicut parvum, sic et magnum audietis: non timebitis a facie cujusquam, quia judicium Dei est: rem autem quae gravior erit vobis, referetis ad me, et audiam illam. Forthcoming are Block in NIVAC (this will be a must), and Houtman (given his pedigree on Exodus, this will also be a must), and the second volume of Weinfeld. These electronic texts of Calvin's Commentaries were prepared through the labor of volunteers for the OnLine Bible project and the Christian Classics Ethereal Library in conjunction with the good folks at @Ages Software.Much work in programming and editing was done by Skip Gaede. ... E Calvin Beisner. Deuteronomy—Commentaries. Criticism has especially focused on the book of Deuteronomy as it is said to have been written only at the time of Josiah, or even later. On this side Jordan, in the land of Moab, began Moses to declare this law, saying. The LORD your God which goeth before you, he shall fight for you, according to all that he did for you in Egypt before your eyes; And in the wilderness, where thou hast seen how that the LORD thy God bare thee, as a man doth bear his son, in all the way that ye went, until ye came into this place. (John 7:24.) Deuteronomy 4:1. (1-2) Overtaken by blessing. Vos autem conversi proficiscimini in desertum per viam maris Suph. 14. The Lord Jesus Himself confirms in the following verse that the command had been given by Moses. 4. Yet in these words he reminds them that the burden of government would become daily more arduous and weighty; whereby he may more readily persuade them to provide at once for what could not be eventually avoided. 4. In Joshua 8:32-35 explicit reference is made to Deuteronomy 27:8-12 as "all that Moses the servant of the Lord had commanded before". Deuteronomy 34. 40. Quo nos ascendimus? Yet in this thing ye did not believe the LORD your God, Who went in the way before you, to search you out a place to pitch your tents. The Lord your God, which goeth before you, he shall fight for you, according to all that he did for you in Egypt before your eyes; 30. The translators who admit that authority must hold this participle to be passive: and therefore our A. V. renders the clause, known among your tribes. Deuteronomy 34:1-12. First, it marks the transition to a new generation; for with the exception of Caleb and Joshua, and Moses himself, the old generation which came up from Egypt and was numbered at Sinai, had passed away, and a new generation had grown up. Qui praecedebat vos per viam ad explorandum vobis locum in quo castra figeretis, per ignem in nocte, ut ostenderet vobis viam per quam ambularetis, et per nubem in die. And the Lord heard the voice of your words, and was wroth, and aware, saying. Et accinxistis vos singuli armis suis bellicis, et parastis ascendere in montem. 41. Moses then relates how they received the reward which they deserved; as much as to say, that, although they might be slow to learn, still they were made acquainted, by the reverse which they experienced, how fatal a thing it is not to obey God: for fools never learn wisdom except beneath the rod. [204] chkmym, wise men. [77] "Ne laisse pas d'estre cachee en nous;" Does not cease to lie hid within us. Quomodo feram solus laborem vestrum, et onus vestrum, et lites vestras. — John Calvin, commentary on Exodus 20:12 and Deuteronomy 5:16 The commentary of John Wesley on the commandment to honour father and mother is consistent with the interpretation in the Catechism of the Catholic Church. Deuteronomy 28:34. Some, rendering the verb in the pluperfect tense, "in which we had remained there," [80] suppose that they still abode there another forty days. Surely there shall not one of these men of this evil generation see that good land, which I aware to give unto your fathers. Exodus . The repentance was too late, which impelled the Israelites to their unseasonable effort of activity; although, as I have above explained, they did not truly and seriously repent, since, when they ought patiently to have borne the chastening of God, they endeavored to shake it off, and to drive it far away from them by a new act of disobedience. Deuteronomy 28. He was a principal figure in the development of the system of Christian theology later called Calvinism. 33. Who went in the way before you, to search you out a place to pitch your tents in, in fire by night, to show you by what way ye should go, and in a cloud by day. A little before, he had seemed to give unqualified praise to the spies, as if they had performed their office honestly and faithfully, but now, from the language of the people, he shows that they were the authors of the revolt, inasmuch as they rendered inert, by the terror they inspired, those whom they ought to have encouraged. In relation to this also, he says, that God marked out the places and stations where they should pitch their camp, for, unless it had been His design to guide them onwards, this change of places would have been superfluous. The subject of Exodus and Leviticus was meeting God in His sanctuary. The unity of the Pentateuch and the fact that Moses is the author of it have often been denied since the 19th century. ... Calvin's Commentary on the Bible; Bible Study Resources. He does not here say that the counsel was suggested to him from another quarter, as to the appointment of the judges; but, perhaps, he dared not mention any name to these proud and perverse people, lest they should reject the thing which was otherwise good, from dislike of its author, as a foreigner. For those with the money, get both. And the saying pleased me well; and I took twelve men of you, one of a tribe: 23. MP3s by Chapter. This even philosophers have perceived, when they have advised that, as far as possible, judges should be restrained by fixed laws, lest;, being left free, they should be swayed this way or that by favor or ill will. And this is further confirmed in the next verse, wherein Moses recounts that he awaited the consent of the people, and that nothing was attempted which did not please them all. And they took of the fruit of the land in their hands, and brought it down unto us, and brought us word again, and said, It is a good land which the Lord our God doth give us. Thus, on the one hand, the incredible goodness of God is exalted, who had deigned so far to condescend as to take up the people in His arms; and, on the other hand, the people are reminded of their own infirmity, for, unless upheld by the power of God, they would scarcely have been competent to advance a step. Starting from 2 Timothy 3:16 : "All scripture is given by inspiration of God" we can see in the Old as well as in the New Testament that Moses is considered to be the author of Deuteronomy and therefore the time of writing is confirmed. Notwithstanding ye would not go up, but rebelled against the commandment of the LORD your God: And ye murmured in your tents, and said, Because the LORD hated us, he hath brought us forth out of the land of Egypt, to deliver us into the hand of the Amorites, to destroy us. But the main purpose of the book is the preparation of the people of Israel for the passage through Jordan and the entrance into the land of Canaan that had been promised by Jehovah. Fuit autem quadragesimo anno, undecimo mense, prima mensis, loquutus est Moses ad filios Israel juxta omnia quae praeceperat Jehova ad illos. 22. Commentary on Deuteronomy - Kindle edition by Calvin, John. 8. Sermon Manuscripts and Commentaries. -- Fr. He here omits the address of Caleb and Joshua: since he only states briefly the heads of what he had spoken to the people. 6: Harmony of the Law, Part IV, tr. Date ex vobis viros sapientes et intelligentes, et peritos e tribubus vestris, ut praeficiam illos vobis. Events at Horeb Recalled. Turn you, and take your journey, and go to the mount of the Arnorites, and unto all the places nigh thereunto, in the plain, in the hills, and in the vale, and in the south, and by the sea-side, to the land of the Canaanites, and unto Lebanon, unto the great river, the river Euphrates. Since, then, they were abundantly convinced, that a just punishment was inflicted upon their obstinacy, necessity drove them to seek after God: consequently they had no cause to complain, though God manifested Himself to be implacable. Obedience therefore plays an important part in this book. Also the Lord was angry with me for your sakes, saying, Thou also shalt not go in thither. Then I said unto you, Dread not, neither be afraid of them. 40. The place of these events are the "plains of Moab" on the east side of Jordan. Originally trained as a humanist lawyer, he broke from the Roman Catholic Church around 1530. Vertite vos, et proficiscimini, et ite ad montem Amorrhmorum, et ad omnes vicinos ejus, in solitudine, in monte, et planitie, et rueridle, et in littore marls, terrain Chenanaei a Lebanon usque ad flumen magnum flumen Euphraten. 11. It is clear from the next verse that, although Moses does not relate the details in their proper order, there is still no contradiction in his words. Again, he does not here mention the same virtues as in Exodus 18; but only distinguishes the judges by three qualifications, viz., that they should be wise, and understanding, and experienced, all of which are comprised under one head, that they should possess acuteness of intellect and prudence, confirmed by experience and practice; for neither the greatest probity nor diligence would be sufficient; for the office of ruler, apart from skill and sagacity. But it is equally probable; that an indefinite time is referred to: as if he had said, that the people delayed there a long time, from whence it might be inferred, that they lay like persons stupified, from lack of knowing what to do. Yet in this thing ye did not believe the Lord your God. Praecepique vobis tempore illo onmia quae facere deberetis. Deuteronomy: God’s Law of Love. And I said unto you, Ye are come unto the mountain of the Amorites, which the LORD our God doth give unto us. -- Fr. The particle of exception, "beside," does not, therefore, designate anything additional, but only signifies that God had again repeated His covenant, that it might be more distinctly and certainly understood. 5. John D. Currid — Deuteronomy (EP Study Commentary, 2006). No doubt he is here recounting what had before happened; therefore he confesses himself, from his own personal feelings, unequal to bearing the burden, if he alone is set over the whole people. 6. Vide, dedit Jehova Deus tuus coram te terram, ascende, posside quemadmodum dixit Jehova Deus patrum tuorum tibi, ne timeas, neque consterneris. Beyond their scholarly usefulness, Calvin’s commentaries are quite pastoral. Behold, I have set the land before you: go in and possess the land which the LORD sware unto your fathers, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, to give unto them and to their seed after them. Stay connected 28. And the saying pleased me well: and I took twelve men of you, one of a tribe: And they turned and went up into the mountain, and came unto the valley of Eshcol, and searched it out. Vide, dedi coram vobis terram, ingredimini, et possidete terram illam quam juravit Jehova patribus vestris, Abraham, Isaac et Jacob, se daturum eis, et semini eorum post ipsos. And the Amorites, which dwelt in that mountain, came out against you, and chased you, as bees do, and destroyed you in Seir. As to what he says of their increase, the commencement of its period must not be taken from the Exodus, but he commemorates the extraordinary and incredible favor of God, because they had so largely multiplied under the cruel tyranny when they were doomed to total destruction; and he adds a prayer, that for the future also the same blessing may attend them. In which respect He gave an extraordinary proof of His indulgence, that previous to their entering the land, He renewed His covenant about forty years after its first promulgation, and added a clear exposition of it, because He had then to do with a new generation. 21. Still, He accuses them of unbelief with reference to the promise; for, whilst faith is not only prompt and ready in obedience, but invigorates and quickens the whole mall, so the cause of their inertness was that they gave no heed to God who had promised to bestow upon them the land of Canaan, and did not rest upon His covenant. Warnings against disobedience, … From hence, however, some have foolishly attempted to prove that infant-children are not defiled by original sin; and that men are involved in no guilt, except such as they have severally contracted by their own voluntary act (arbitrio.) 32. Deuteronomy 18. Notwithstanding ye would not go up, but rebelled against the commandment of the Lord your God: 26. Deuteronomy 18:13. "To stand before" a person is equivalent to being at hand to do his bidding; and it seems that this was stated to be the condition of Joshua, in order that the punishment might be more manifest; inasmuch as, by an entire inversion, a successor is given to Moses, who had been his servant. 7. It is Kadesh-barnea to which Moses refers, from whence the spies had been sent forth; and not the Kadesh where Miriam died, and where the people murmured for want of water. I have shown elsewhere what is meant by God's hearing, i.e., that nothing can be concealed from Him, but that tie will take account of and judge all our words and deeds And this is worthy of our observation; for men would never dare to murmur against Him, unless they promised themselves impunity [75] from His not being present. Then ye answered and said unto me. Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary Deuteronomy 18:12. And ye answered me, and said, The thing which thou hast spoken. The same is the object of Jehoshaphat's words: "Take heed what ye do: for ye judge not for man but for the Lord." These electronic texts of Calvin's Commentaries were prepared through the labor of volunteers for the OnLine Bible project and the Christian Classics Ethereal Library in conjunction with the good folks at Ages Software.Much work in programming and editing was done by Skip Gaede. Took of the system of Christian theology later called Calvinism noster dat nobis declare this law,,... 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